Childhood Obesity15% of children ages 6-12 are obese, 3 times the amount since the 1960's.A combination of environmental and genetic factors, parents and school lunch programs can all contribute to this problem.From ages 6-18, boys decrease activity level by 24% & girls by 36%. While child obesity occurs within the physical domain,social influences have heavy impact on this problem.Social atmosphere, like school and home,impacts children's health in a large way.
Motor Skill DevelopmentGross & Fine Motor Skill development happen in the physical domain. The major gross motor skill milestone in middle childhood is acute development of muscle coordination. At this age, kids are pruned to learn how to ride a bike, swim and jump rope. Fine motor skills have almost fully developed by age 12.Levels of myelin, or insulation for nerve cells, increases from age 6-8, speeding up the rate that messages reach muscles.
MemoryMemory takes place wihin the cognitive domain and middle childhood is when it becomes increasingly refined. Children better understand memory and ways in which to improve it. They now understand how to use control strategies, like rehersal, organization or mnemonics, which are formal techniques used for remembering. Short-term memory improves as well, as kids are able to recall more complex patterns than they were in the early years.
Trust in FriendshipFriendship development happens under the socio-emotional domain. Psychologist William Damon says there are 3 stages of friendship that children learn and grow through. The second stage occurs in middle childhood and is when kids learn and base relationships on trust. Trust is the significant factor of this stage. Kids see friends as people who can be counted on when the other is in need and violations of that trust now require an apology.