Molotov ribbentrop 02

MESCH F: Rise of Hitler & Road to World War Two

  • The French occupation of the Rhineland

    The occupation lasted from 1918-1930 (Sammy Al-Khalifa)
  • Treaty of Versailles Signed

    Treaty of Versailles Signed
    The Allies & Germany sign the Treaty of Versailles, laying the foundation for reparations, German war guilt, loss of colonies & territory and a host of other penalties which will be used by Hitler on his march towards power and war. The conditions of Versailles were largely the responsibility of France which wanted to permanently weaken Germany. The German signers of Versailles were considered to have "stabbed Germany in the back" (Mr. A).
  • Period: to

    Interwar Years

  • NSDAP 25 Point Plan

    NSDAP 25 Point Plan
    Hitler gave a speech in the Munich hall, he outlined the 25 points, and changed from the German Workers Party to the NSDAP(National Socialist Workers Party).The main ideas from the 25 points were, the union of all Germans in a greater German Reich, the rejection of the Treaty of Versailles, the demand for additional territories for the German people (Lebensraum) and citizenship determined by race with no Jew to be considered a German. (Luca)
  • Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch
    Hitler, along with Nazi party leader unseccessfully tried to seize power in Munich,Germany. Hitler was inspired by Benito Mussolini's "March of Rome" Thamer Al-Zayer
  • Hitler in Landsberg Jail

    Hitler in Landsberg Jail
    Hitler is sent to Landber Jail for 9 months. He is released on the 20th of December, 1924. During his stay at Landsber Jail he wrote his famous book titles " Mein Kampf". Thamer Al-Zayer
  • Amer Al-Zayer - Hitler goes to Bamberg

    Amer Al-Zayer - Hitler goes to Bamberg
    Amer - Hitler goes to Bamburg and held an important speech at the Zentralsaal.
  • The Locarno Conference - Amer Al-Zayer

    The Locarno Conference - Amer Al-Zayer
    The Terms of the Locarno Treaties:
    - Under the main Locarno treaty Germany, France and Belgium agreed to accept their existing borders with each other as set up by the Versailles Treaty.
    • Britain and Italy agreed to 'guarantee' the main agreement; this meant that Britain and Italy promised to take action if any of the three countries attacked each other.
    • The main agreement and the guarantee did not apply to the eastern borders of Germany as laid down by the Versailles Treaty.
  • Member of LoN - Amer Al-Zayer

    Member of LoN - Amer Al-Zayer
    Germany officialy became a member of the League of Nations.
  • German Elections- Social Democtaic Party 29.8%

    The SPD recieved another 22 seats, raising their seats to 153. They recieved 9,152,979 votes, thousands more than the German National People Party. (Jessica Conroy)
  • Pact of Paris/ Kellogg Briand Pact

    This was only the signing of the Kellogg Briand Pact. It was later inforced and put in place, later that year. This pact was also called the World Peace Act, It had representatives from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, India, the Irish Free State, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States. (Jessica Conroy)
  • Kellogg- Briand Pact

    This was when the Pact was actually put in to place. It was called the operational plan. (Jessica Conroy)
  • Wall Street Crash

    Wall Street Crash
    The Wall Street Crash on the 24th of October 1929. It is also known as the Great Crash, and the Stock Market Crash of 1929. This was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries and did not end in the United States until 1947.
    (Noemie Lambert)
  • German Referendum

    German Referendum
    The German Referendum of 1929 was an attempt to introduce a Law against the Enslavement of the German People. The law, proposed by German nationalists, would formally renounce the Treaty of Versailles and make it a criminal offence for German officials to co-operate in the collecting of reparations. This attempt failled even if it was approved by 94.5% of the voters, turnout was just 14.9%, whilst a turnout of 50% was necessary for it to pass.
    (Noemie Lambert)
  • Reichstagswahl

    The Reichstagswahl or German federal elections of occured on September 14th 1930. The Social Democratic Party of Germany remained the largest party in the Reichstag, winning 143 of the 577 seats, whilst the Nazi Party increased its number seats from 12 to 107.
    (Noemie Lambert)
  • German Presidencial Elections

    German Presidencial Elections
    The German Presidencial Elections took place on this day. Paul von Hindenburg, who did not represent a party, won 49.6% of the votes. Adolf Hitler of the NAZI Party won 30.2% of the votes. Ernst Thaelmann of the Communist Party won 10.1% of the votes. [Sanggyu Suh]
  • German Federal Elections

    German Federal Elections
    The German Federal Elections took place to determine the number of seats in the parliament. The NAZI Party won the most votes by having 37.3% (230 seats). The Social Democratic Party won 21.6% of the votes (133). The Communist Party won 14.3% (89 seats). [Sanggyu Suh]
  • German Federal Election 6 November 1932

    German Federal Election 6 November 1932
    At this election, the German Nazi Party, led by Adolf Hitler, won 196 seats, while the Social Democrats won 121 seats, the Communists 100 seats, and the Center Party 70 seats. At this election, the Nazi Party won the most votes, making Hitler a strong candidate for Chancellor. This happened because many people in Germany were becoming unemployed and Hitler promised stability and employment to all Germans (but no Germans with Jewish ethnicities). [Sanggyu Suh]
  • Hitler became a Chancellor of Germany

    Hitler became a Chancellor of Germany
    Hitler was chosen by German people because they needed a strong leader who promised to make Germany the most powerful country."I will employ my strength for the welfare of the German people, protect the Constitution and laws of the German people, conscientiously discharge the duties imposed on me, and conduct my affairs of office impartially and with justice to everyone," swore Adolf Hitler.
  • Reichstag Fire

    Reichstag Fire
    It was an arson attack on the Reichstag building in Berlin on 27 February 1933. The event is seen as pivotal in the establishment of Nazi Germany.
  • Reichstag Fire Decree

    Reichstag Fire Decree
    It is he Decree of the Reich President for the Protection of People and State issued by German President Paul von Hindenburg in direct response to the Reichstag fire of 27 February 1933. The decree nullified many of the key civil liberties of German citizens.
  • Federal Elections in Germany

    Federal Elections in Germany
    Hitler's Nazi Party recieved a large percent of the vote. They got around 26% of the vote which was significant compared to the 2.6% of votes they recieved in 1931. Hitler used people's instability from the Great Depression as a way to gain support by promising stability.(Yuri Smith)
  • Dachau: First Nazi Concentration Camp

    Dachau: First Nazi Concentration Camp
    The first Nazi concentration camp was established in Bavaria called Dachau, named after a nearby town. Dachau was constructed to hold the domestic enemies of National Socialist Germany who were primarily Communists, trade unionists, and political dissidents. Before the SS took control of the camp with their murderous conditions, the SA used
    harsh punishment that did not escalate to murder.(Yuri Smith)
  • Hitler's Enabling Act (Yuri Smith, sorry name wouldn't fit in text!)

    Hitler's Enabling Act (Yuri Smith, sorry name wouldn't fit in text!)
    The new members of the Reichstag gathered in Berlin to consider passing Hitler's Enabling Act. In order for Hitler to pass his act, he needed two-thirds of the vote as well as 31 non-Nazi votes from the majority. Hitler had falsely promised to restore the rights of the Germans that the Nazis had actually caused to be taken away. Hitler finally achieved his goal of tearing down the German Democratic Republic legally and ending democracy which gave a quick way for the Nazis to take over Germany.(
  • The "Judenboykott"

    The "Judenboykott"
    A one day boycott of propaganda against the Jewish population. Jewish stores were boycotted - people refused to buy things made or sold by Jews.
    (Jenny Shtokman)
  • The Labour Front

    The Labour Front
    Robert Ley was given the task of forming the Labour Front and it was the only organization allowed in the Third Reich. Hitler also ordered to arrest Germany's trade union leaders, that day. In the Labour Front a pay freeze was introduced and it was enforced by the Labour Front. Decisions regarding wages and taxes were made by the Labour Front.
    (Jenny Shtokman)
  • Germany becomes a one party state.

    Germany becomes a one party state.
    The National Socalist Party becomes the only legal party in Germany, making it a one party totalitarian state.
    (Jenny Shtokman)
  • Reichskonkordat

    Reichskonkordat was a treaty signed by the Nazi government and the Holy See on July 20, 1933. Vatican signed it with Germany to stop Nazi persecution of Catholic institutions.
  • Haavara Agreement

    Haavara Agreement
    The Haavara Agreement was signed in 1933 by the Zionist Federation of Germany, the Anglo-Palestine bank, and economic authorities of Nazi Germany. Its main aim was to encourage Jewish emigration from Germany, giving up most of their possessions to Germany. The immigrants had to pay more than 1000 pounds sterling into the banking company before leaving. (Indre K.)
  • German officer endorses Hitler

    German officer endorses Hitler
    On May 16, 1934, German officer corps endorses Hitler to succeed the ailing President Hindenburg. Hitler saw Hindenburg as his only superior and, therfore, avoided insulting him or the Army when he became Chancellor (1933-1934). (Indre K.)
  • Hitler becomes the supreme leader of Germany

    Hitler becomes the supreme leader of Germany
    He becomes the supreme leader of Germany by joining the offices of President and Chancellor into Fuhrer. He was Fuhrer until 30 April 1945. (Yuki Ito)
  • Hitler consolidated his political power

    Adolf Hitler consolidated his political power by assuming the role of head of state by combining the offices of the President and Chancellor. A national plebiscite approved Chancellor Hitler's assumption of the presidency with 88 percent of the vote affirmative.(Yuki Ito)
  • The League of Nations conducted a plebiscite in the Saar in accordance with the Verseilles treaty.

    Approximately 90 percent of the voters demanded reunion with Germany and rejected a union with France or continued League administration. The National Socialists mounted a massive political campaign in the Saar, but popular opinion clearly supported a return to Germany.(Yuki Ito)
  • 1936 Olympics

    Germany hosted the 1936 Olympics from the 1-16 of August 1936. They hid and minimized their racism and propoganda. They used the plympics to showcase how the perfect german was. They also used the olympics to improve international relations. (Sammy Al-Khalifa).
  • Rome-Berlin

    The Rome-Berlin axis is announced. The Rome-Berlin axis is a full military alliance between Hitler's Nazi Germany and Mussolini's Fascist Italy. Thamer Al-Zayer
  • Japan-Germany Anti-Comintern Pact - Amer Al-Zayer

    The High Contracting States agree that they will mutually keep each other informed concerning the activities of the Communistic International, will confer upon the necessary measure of defense, and will carry out such measures in close co-operation. The High Contracting States will jointly invite third States whose internal peace is menaced by the disintegrating work of the Communistic International, to adopt defensive measures in the spirit of the present Agreement or to participate in the pr
  • Jess - this is the bomning of Guernica

    (Jessica Conroy) who was involved and what happened and why? What was the role of the Condor Legion? Why did this inspire Picasso to paint what he painted?
  • Anschluss

    Austria was annexed into the German Third Reich on 12 March 1938. There had been several years of pressure by supporters from both Austria and Germany for the Heim ins Reich movement. Earlier, Nazi Germany had provided support for the Austrian National Socialist Party in its bid to seize power from Austria's Austrofascist leadership.
    (Noemie Lambert)
  • Evian Conference

    Evian Conference
    6-13 July of 1938, the Evian Conference took place in order to discuss the increasing Jewish refugees fleeing NAZI prosecution. 31 countries gathered in France. [Sanggyu Suh]
  • Munich agreement

    Munich agreement
    The Munich Pact was an agreement permitting the Nazi German annexation of Czechoslovakia's Sudetenland. The Sudetenland were areas along Czech borders, mainly inhabited by ethnic Germans. The agreement was negotiated at a conference held in Munich, Germany, among the major powers of Europe, France,Italy and Britain, without the presence of Czechoslovakia. Today, it is widely regarded as a failed act of appeasement toward Nazi Germany.
  • The Sudetenland Commemorative Medal

    The Sudetenland Commemorative Medal
    This medal commemorated the union of Sudetenland to Germany. Hitler used very clever tactics in order to bring the Sudetenland under German control. This medal was awarded until December of 1939 to all German military personnel who participated in the occupation of the Sudetenland and the occupation of Czechoslovakia. All together, there were 1,162, 617 medals awarded. (Yuri Smith)
  • Period: to


    The night of broken glass - attacks by German Officials were made against Jews throughout Germany, About 91 Jews were killed that night, and over 7,000 Jewish businesses were either damaged or completely destroyed. The attacks left the streets covered with broken glass from the broken windows of the Jewish-owned stores and businesses.
    Jenny Shtokman
  • Reichskristallnacht Pogrom

    Reichskristallnacht Pogrom
    The night of broken glass - attacks by German Officials were made against Jews throughout Germany, About 91 Jews were killed that night, and over 7,000 Jewish businesses were either damaged or completely destroyed. The attacks left the streets covered with broken glass from the broken windows of the Jewish-owned stores and businesses. (Jenny Shtokman)
  • German invasion of Chechoslovakia (Bohemia&Moravia)

    German invasion of Chechoslovakia (Bohemia&Moravia)
    The Munich Agreement, signed in September 1938. let Nazi Germany annex the Sudetenland of Chechoslovakia. After the Anschluss of Nazi Germany and Austria in March 1938 , however, Hitler set sight on the rest of Chechoslovakia and ordered to invade it on March 15, 1939.
    (Indre K.)
  • German invasion of Poland

    The German army attacked Poland, utilizing Blitzkrieg tactics to annihilate the Polish army. Led by tactical air strikes by the Luftwaffe, armor divisions struck deep into Polish territory. Within four weeks, the Germans destroyed most of the Polish army and occupied the western and central regions of Poland. The Italian government declared its intention to remain neutral in the crisis.(Yuki Ito)