Word DefinitionsGregorian Chant:
Religious music sung in groups monophonically during the Medieval Period. These songs often used the words of scripture and prayer. Melisma (melismatic) and Syllabic:
Melisma is a style of singing where several notes are sung on one syllable of musical text.
Syllabic singing is a style of singing where each syllable of text gets one note. Squarcialupi Codex:
A huge manuscript of music from Florence, Italy created in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Interesting Fact of the EraDuring the Medieval Era, Eels were sometimes used as currency for purchasing land.
Start of The Islamic ReligionThe Islamic prophet Muhammed received a revelation that kick-started the 3rd of the major monotheistic Abrahamic religions, commonly known as Islam.
Viking Attack on LindisfarneThis was considered the first of many Viking attacks during the Medieval Period. It ushered in a lot of fear, but also lead the way for European expansion.
Norman Conquest of EnglandWilliam of Normandy won a long and bloody fight against multiple others vying for the British crown. It completely transformed Britian and its future.
Hildegarde of Bingen 1098-1179Composer of chant music. Hildegarde's "Ave Generosa":
Guillaume de Machaut, 1300-1377Composed in many styles and genres, but most notably in Rondeau, Virelai, and Ballade forms. Part of the French movemnt of "Ars Nova" music. Machaut's "J'aim Sans Penser":
Beginning of the Black PlagueOne of the most deadly and widespread pandemics in history, this plague killed more than 1/3 of the European population and many others outside of Europe.
Invention of the Printing PressThis event ushered in the use of manuscripts and published books, spreading knowledge around the world.
Josquin des Prez, 1450-1521A popular French composer of French motets, which are sacred polphonic songs. Des Prez's "Ave Maria (Motet)":
William Byrd, 1539-1623Composer and developer of the English madrigal. Byrd's "Fantasia in A" :