Medieval/Renaissance Music Timeline

Timeline created by mahri emma
In Music
  • 450

    Word Definitions

    Gregorian Chant:
    Religious music sung in groups monophonically during the Medieval Period. These songs often used the words of scripture and prayer. Melisma (melismatic) and Syllabic:
    Melisma is a style of singing where several notes are sung on one syllable of musical text.
    Syllabic singing is a style of singing where each syllable of text gets one note. Squarcialupi Codex:
    A huge manuscript of music from Florence, Italy created in the 14th and 15th centuries.
  • 450

    Interesting Fact of the Era

    During the Medieval Era, Eels were sometimes used as currency for purchasing land.
  • 610

    Start of The Islamic Religion

    Start of The Islamic Religion
    The Islamic prophet Muhammed received a revelation that kick-started the 3rd of the major monotheistic Abrahamic religions, commonly known as Islam.
  • 793

    Viking Attack on Lindisfarne

    Viking Attack on Lindisfarne
    This was considered the first of many Viking attacks during the Medieval Period. It ushered in a lot of fear, but also lead the way for European expansion.
  • 1066

    Norman Conquest of England

    Norman Conquest of England
    William of Normandy won a long and bloody fight against multiple others vying for the British crown. It completely transformed Britian and its future.
  • 1098

    Hildegarde of Bingen 1098-1179

    Hildegarde of Bingen 1098-1179
    Composer of chant music. Hildegarde's "Ave Generosa":
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lbg4TSP44yU
  • 1300

    Guillaume de Machaut, 1300-1377

    Composed in many styles and genres, but most notably in Rondeau, Virelai, and Ballade forms. Part of the French movemnt of "Ars Nova" music. Machaut's "J'aim Sans Penser":
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hOoYtdFhfqw
  • 1347

    Beginning of the Black Plague

    Beginning of the Black Plague
    One of the most deadly and widespread pandemics in history, this plague killed more than 1/3 of the European population and many others outside of Europe.
  • 1439

    Invention of the Printing Press

    Invention of the Printing Press
    This event ushered in the use of manuscripts and published books, spreading knowledge around the world.
  • 1450

    Josquin des Prez, 1450-1521

    Josquin des Prez, 1450-1521
    A popular French composer of French motets, which are sacred polphonic songs. Des Prez's "Ave Maria (Motet)":
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxLv2pPiQVI
  • 1539

    William Byrd, 1539-1623

    Composer and developer of the English madrigal. Byrd's "Fantasia in A" :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Q3_ZOM_bHo