Stovain was the first succesful substitute for cocaine as local anesthetic.
New Local Anesthetic
Developed by Alfred Einhorn, Novocain was the new local anesthetic, widely used by doctors and dentists.
The name comes from the Latin word 'Novus' (new) plus cocaine.
External Artificial Pacemaker
Developed by John Hopps was the world's first external pacemaker
First Succesfull Kidney Transplant
The first successfull kidney transplant was performed on identical twins.
First Implantable Pacemaker
The first fully implantable pacemaker was done so in 1958. It was designed by Rune Elmqvist. The surgery was performed by surgeon Ake Senning. Though the pacemaker failed, the patient went on to get 26 in his lifetime and outlived both the surgeon and the designer.
The Concept of IVF
The Concept of IVF (In Vitro Fertilisation) was pioneered by Patrick Steptoe and Dr. Robert Edwards.
The insulin pump was developed by Dr. Arnold Kadish. It was the size of an adult backpack, but overtime as technology and medicine have advanced they have become much smaller and more accurate.
First Liver Transplant
The first liver transplant was performed by a team of surgeons led by Dr. Thomas Starlz.
First Heart Transplant
Performed by Dr. Christiaan Barnard was the world's first succesful heart transplant.
This was invented by Charles Dotter. He developed his first stent in 1969 which was implanted in a dog.
Raymond Damadian discovered the basis of using magnetic resonance imaging as a tool for medical diagnosis.
First IVF Baby Born
The world's first baby to be concieved by IVF is born.
Full Body Scan
1977 saw the construction of the first full body MRI scanner.