Maria Montessori's Life and Work

  • Birth

    Maria was born to Renilde Stoppani and Alessandro Montessori in Chiaravalle, Italy. Chiaravelle is a comune on the Adriatic Sea.
  • Infiltrates Exclusively Male Field

    Infiltrates Exclusively Male Field
    After becoming the first female medical student in Italy at the University of Rome, Maria graduated as one of the first female doctors in Rome. Her path to this point started as a child when she confidently trail blazed this path for herself.
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    Mario's First 15 Years

    Maria welcomes her son Mario to the world. Sadly due to the conventions of the time, Maria was encouraged to relinquish her son to family as to avoid the persecution associated with having an unwed mother. He reunited with his mother at age 15.
  • Psychiatric Clinic at the University of Rome

    At the age of 30 she was an assistant doctor here and had her first experience observing mentally ill and/or disabled children. She experienced a fondness for the work and a desire to help.
  • Rallies Against Child Labor

    Rallies Against Child Labor
    Montessori attended a congress in London advocating for the rights of child workers in Sicilian mines. Here she supported a movement to end child labor.
  • Casa dei Bambini

    selected to orchestrate care for neglected children in San Lorenzo, Rome
  • The Montessori Method

    Maria wrote her first book, Il Metodo della Pedagogia Scientifica applicato all’educazione infantile nelle Case dei Bambini, in one month's time. This title translates to "The Montessori Method" in English. Amazingly in the years to follow, this book is was translated into over 20 languages!
  • 1st International Training Course

    Maria ran her first international training course out of her apartment in Rome! People came from all over - from around Italy, other European countries, Australia, South Africa, India, China, the Philippines, the United States, and Canada!
  • Glass Pavilion in San Fran.

    Glass Pavilion in San Fran.
    In San Francisco, a Montessori class works in a glass pavilion observed by visitors at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition.
  • Imagination

    Maria's lecture Education in Relation to the Imagination of the Little Child was published in New York.
  • AMI

    Maria founded AMI, the Association Montessori Internationale, with her son in Berlin. Now the headquarters are in Amsterdam.
  • Tragedy

    Not even 100 years ago, the Nazis closed all Montessori schools in Germany and suffocated the movement.
  • Further Defeat

    fascist system suffocates Montessori movement in Italy
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    Influence of Theosophy and Internment

    Maria and Mario went to teach the Montessori method per the invite of the Theosophical Society in India. Then Italy entered World War ll and Mario and Maria were not allowed to leave.
  • War's End

    World War ll ends and the Montessoris are able to return home to Europe.
  • Nobels

    Maria was nominated for her first of three Nobel Peace Prizes. Her next nominations were in 1950 and '51.
  • Death

    died age 81 in Noordwijk aan Zee, Netherlands