Coco Chanel

  • Birth

    Birth
    Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel is born in Saumur, France, in 1883.
    Her parents are Eugénie Jeanne Dévolles and Henri-Albert Chanel.
  • The Move

    The Move
    Gabrielle's mother has fallen ill, so she, her two sisters, and her mother move in with Gabrielle's uncle.
  • Jeanne's Death

    Jeanne's Death
    Gabrielle's mother dies from an undetermined cause; however, tuberculosis, poverty, pregnancy, pneumonia, or a combination of these factors could have been to blame. Chanel was placed in the orphanage at Auzabine monastery and abbey.
  • Leave Orphanage

    Leave Orphanage
    When she was 18, Gabrielle Chanel left the orphanage. She then attended the Notre Dame school.
  • Becoming Coco

    Becoming Coco
    After leaving the leaving the Notre Dame school, the Mother Superior there found work for Chanel and her Aunt Adrienne (who was only two years older than Chanel) in Moulins as shop assistants. Soon, Gabrielle decided to sing on stage, where the audience christened her Coco, as one of the two songs she knew was Qui qu'a vu Coco.
  • Etienne Balsan

    Etienne Balsan
    Balsan and Chanel meet in Moulins and become lovers. Balsan then moves to his new home, Royallieu.
  • Royallieu

    Royallieu
    Chanel moves to Royallieu, although her motives remain unclear.
  • Boy Capel

    Boy Capel
    Chanel had met Boy in one of her outings with Balsan and was infatuated with him. She followed Capel on the train and had to write Balsan a letter to explain herself. She stayed with Boy.
  • Chane's Shop at Rue Cambon

    Chane's Shop at Rue Cambon
    Chanel opens a shop with the financial support of Balsan and Capel to sell her hats, which are more understated and yet more elegant than the hats currently in fashion.
  • Caring for André

    Caring for André
    Chanel's sister Julia dies, leaving Gabrielle to care for her 6-month-old nephew. There is speculation as to whether the child, named André, is actually Chanel's son, not her sister's.
  • Independence

    Independence
    Chanel's shop is so successful that she no longer needs financial support from Balsan of Capel, and she rejoiced in this.
  • Shop in Deauville

    Shop in Deauville
    Chanel expands on her success and opens a shop in Deauville, Frane.
  • World War I Begins

    World War I Begins
    The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand marks the begininning of World War 1
  • Declaring War

    Declaring War
    Britain official declares war on Germany.
  • Zimmerman Telegram

    Zimmerman Telegram
    The Zimmerman Telegram is intercepted by the Allies. The telegram is a request that Mexico side with Germany in the war.
  • U.S. Enters War

    U.S. Enters War
    The U.S. officially enters the war by declaring war on Germany.
  • Chanel and Her Hair

    Chanel and Her Hair
    Chanel cut her hair really short, which brought her a lot of adversity. People stated that she looked like a boy, and that was improper.
  • Armistice Day

    Armistice Day
    The Armistice is signed in ending World War I.
  • Idea of the Little Black Dress

    Idea of the Little Black Dress
    According to Chanel, she came up with the idea for the little black dress. She came up with this idea at the opera.
  • Creation of Chanel's Number 5

    Creation of Chanel's Number 5
    Ernest Beaux invented ten perfumes for Chanel's use. She choose a few including the ever-famous Chanel Number 5.
  • Sale of Chanel No. 5

    Sale of Chanel No. 5
    Chanel's Number 5 is released. This soon becomes a big hit as it is differend from the perfumes currently being made.
  • Chanel and Ballet

    Chanel and Ballet
    Chanel desigs costumes for a ballet by Dighilev, which included sets by Picasso and music by Arthur Honegger.
  • Vogue: Chanel's Ballet Costumes

    Vogue: Chanel's Ballet Costumes
    In February of 1923, both the American and French editions of Vogue ran an extensive coverage of her designs using the headline 'Chanel Goes Greek While Remaining French.'
  • Vogue: The Little Black Dress

    Vogue:  The Little Black Dress
    The American "Vogue" announced the future of fashion in 1926, saying, "Here is Ford signed Chanel."
  • Chanel Hits Hollywood

    Chanel Hits Hollywood
    Chanel set off on the steamship Europa to come to America. She has taken a job from a Hollywood producer to design outfits for his films.
  • Initiating the Second World War

    Initiating the Second World War
    Japan invades China, initiating World War II in the Pacific.
  • Italy's invasion of Albania

    Italy's invasion of Albania
    Italy begins it's invasion and annexing of Albania. This lasts until the 15 of April.
  • Invading Poland

    Invading Poland
    Germany invades Poland, initiating World War II in Europe.
  • Pearl Harbor

    Pearl Harbor
    Japan bombs Pearl Harbor.
  • Japan Surrenders

    Japan Surrenders
    Japan formally surrenders to the Allies.
  • 'Life' and Coco

    'Life' and Coco
    Life magazine, the biggest magazine in America at this time, runs a four-page spread on Chanel, making her a household name.
  • Death

    Death
    Coco Chanel dies on January 10, 1971, in Paris, France.