Marcus Garv., W.E.B Du Bois, & Booker T. Washington on Racial Equality

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    Jim Crow Times

  • Washington is invited to speak at the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta

    In September 1895, Washington became a national hero. Invited to speak at the 1895 Cotton States and International Exposition in Atlanta, Washington publicly accepted disfranchisement and social segregation as long as whites would allow black economic progress, educational opportunity, and justice in the courts.
  • Washington founded theNational Negro Business League in 1900.

  • Up From Slavery by WAshington

    Washington further publicized himself and his program by publishing his (ghost-written) autobiography, UP FROM SLAVERY, in 1901.
  • The Souls Of Black Folk- by Du Bois

    In 1903, in his famous book THE SOULS OF BLACK FOLK, Du Bois charged that Washington's strategy kept the black man down rather than freed him.
  • Nigara Movement -Dubois

    In 1905, Du Bois took the lead in founding the short-lived Niagara Movement, intended to be an organization advocating civil rights for blacks. Although the Niagara Movement faltered, it was the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which was founded in 1909.
  • Marcus Garvey founded Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

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  • Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). (CONTINUED)

    Garvey moved to Harlem in New York where UNIA thrived. By now a formidable public speaker, Garvey spoke across America. He urged African-Americans to be proud of their race and return to Africa, their ancestral homeland and attracted thousands of supporters. (AGAINL Month and Day NOT ACCUrATE)
  • Garvey founded the Black Star Line

    To facilitate the return to Africa that he advocated, in 1919 Garvey founded the Black Star Line, to provide transportation to Africa, and the Negro Factories Corporation to encourage black economic independence. Garvey also unsuccessfully tried to persuade the government of Liberia in west Africa to grant land on which black people from America could settle.
  • GARVY ARRESTED! ! ! ! ! :O

    In 1922, Garvey was arrested for mail fraud in connection with the sale of stock in the Black Star Line, which had now failed. Although there were irregularities connected to the business, the prosecution was probably politically motivated, as Garvey's activities had attracted considerable government attention. Garvey was sent to prison and later deported to Jamaica.