Literary Movements

Timeline created by solnbru
In History
  • Fireside Poets (MID 19TH CENTURY)

    The poets preferred classical form but relied on American legends and life for their subject matter.
  • Beat Movement

    Its alienation from the conventional and its adaptation of the seedy and “hip”, embracing jazz music, drugs, sex, and Buddhism”.
  • Post-modernism

    Defined as having a relativistic view on reality. Interpretation is everything – our lives are defined only by our own interpretation of concrete experiences.
  • Contemporary

    Concerned with relationships and connections between people. Emotion provoking story-telling is common.
  • Pluralism

    Realization that literature does not only need to come from dead white guys. The idea of diversity and acceptance drives this movement.
  • Magical Realism

    A juxtaposition of the ordinary with magical elements. Fantastic elements are interwoven into realistic fiction.
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    Native American Lit

    This movement is based mostly on oral tradition. Nature and elements of nature are the most common aspect of Native American writings.
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    Early Settlers

    This group of writings are from those who were coming to America to settle a new land. Most of the literature is comprised of letters, diaries, journals and histories.
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    Written by those who were leaving Europe to find religious freedom. Literature from this period is typically in the form of sermons, poetry, diaries and moral based stories.
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    American Enlightenment

    Also known as Rationalism/Classicism and The Age of Reason. Best known for political and philosophical writings focusing on reason and common sense.
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    Authors focused on individualism, idealism, imagination and nature. This is the first movement to really produce a body of work that embodied the idea of America while rebelling against the Classicism movement.
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    Transcendentalists believe that the basic truths of the universe transcend the physical world and lie beyond the knowledge that can be obtained from the senses.
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    Realism and Regionalism

    Reaction against Romanticism and Neoclassicism. Factual is more important than the intellectual or the emotional. Treats nature objectively, but views it as orderly.
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    Naturalism is connected to realism but it focuses on social issues brought about by industrialization. Shows the dark and ugly side of life.
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    Shifts in means of expression, writing style, greater use of symbols. Writings often reflect ideas of alienation, isolation, individual perception and human consciousness.
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    Harlem Renaissance

    A period of outstanding creativity among African American writers.