Landmark Legislation

  • Continental congress

    Before the U.S constitution was ratified, passes a law calling for a survey of the " Northwest Territory" which included what was to become the state of Ohio. The Law created " townships" reserving a portion of each township for a local school. From these " land front university " the state public universities that exist today.
  • New York

    Schools in New York, Public, school society formed by wealthy businessmen to provided education for poor children. Schools were run on the " Lancasterian " model, in which one " master" can teach hundreds of students in single room. These schools emphasize disipline and obedience qualities that factor owners want in their workers.
  • High school

    First public high school in the US, Boston English, Opens!!
  • Plessy v. Ferguson

    The U.S Supreme Court rules that state of Louisiana has the right to require " separate but equal ". Just like the brown vs education.
    This decision means that the federal government officially recognizes segregation as legal.
  • Brown v. Board of education

    Separate schools are not equal. The sanctioned segregation by upholding the doctrine of " separate but equal " , " separate but equal doctrine ". The Supreme Court unanimously found that segregation was psychologically harmful to black students.
  • Title X

    Federal grant program for low-income patients to receive family planning and reproductive health services. The broad range of family planning services does not include abortion as a method of family paining. Homeless individual and each homeless youth has equal access to the same free, appropriate public education, including preschool education .
  • Serrano Vs. Priest

    Student of Los Angeles Country public schools and their families argued that the California school finance system, which relied heavily on local property tax
  • Disability

    Mills V. Board of Education of district of Columbia
    Several children challenged the district of Columbia public schools in court for both spelling and refusing admission to disabled children.
  • Education Of all Handicapped Children Act

    To support sates and localities in protecting the rights of, meeting the individual needs of, and improving the results.Its a federal Law , its also known as Public Law 94-142. It requires public schools to provide appropriate education services for all children with disabilities between age 3 and 21.
  • Pyler vs. Doe

    A Texas Law allowed the state to withhold school funds for undocumented children. Supreme Court found that this law violated the 14th amendment rights of these children. It goes against discrimination on the basis of a factor beyond their control . It also not be found to serve a large enough sate interest.
  • New Jersey v T.LO

    Students have a reduced expectation on privacy in school. A teacher accessed T.L.O of smoking in the bathroom when she denied the allegation, the principle searched her purse and found cigarettes and marijuana. At court a family declared T.L.O a delinquent. The supreme court ruled her rights were not violated since student have reduced expectations of private schools.
  • Santa Fe Independent school District V. Doe

    Students may not use a school's loudspeaker system to offer student-led, student initiated prayer, before football games members of the students body of a Texas high school elected one of the classmates to address the players and spectators. They addresses were conducted over the schools loudspeakers and usually involved prayers. Three students sued the school argued the prayers violated the establishment clause of the first amendment.