History of Education

By mickai6
  • Feb 16, 1400

    Latin Grammar Schools

    Latin Grammar Schools
    The Latin school was the grammar school of 14th to 19th-century Europe, though the latter term was much more common in England. Emphasis was placed, as the name indicates, on learning to use Latin.
  • Deluder Satan Act

    Deluder Satan Act
    The law was one of a series of legislative acts directed at public education in the colony. The first Massachusetts School Law of 1642 broke with English tradition by transferring educational supervision from the clergy to the selectmen of the colony, empowering them to assess the education of children "to read & understand the principles of religion and the capital laws of this country."
  • Massachusetts Bay School Law

    Massachusetts Bay School Law
    It should be known, however, that education in itself was not first and foremost in the minds of our founding fathers. They came here in order to escape the religious oppression that they were facing in Britain and what they brought with them to America was a desire to create a society where they could exercise their religious freedom and build a nation where their religious aspirations would not be stifled.
  • Christian von Wolff

    Christian von Wolff
    Wolff was also the creator of German as the language of scholarly instruction and research, although he also wrote in Latin, so that an international audience could, and did, read him. A founding father of, among other fields, economics and public administration as academic disciplines, he concentrated especially in these fields, giving advice on practical matters to people in government, and stressing the professional nature of university education.
  • John Locke

    John Locke
    In his Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1690), Locke outlined a new theory of mind, contending that the gentleman's mind was a tabula rasa or "blank slate"; that is, it did not contain any innate ideas. Some Thoughts Concerning Education explains how to educate that mind using three distinct methods: the development of a healthy body; the formation of a virtuous character; and the choice of an appropriate academic curriculum.
  • Salem Witchcraft Trials

    Salem Witchcraft Trials
    he Salem witch trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts between February 1692 and May 1693. The trials resulted in the executions of twenty people, fourteen of them women, and all but one by hanging.
  • Benjamin Franklin

    Benjamin Franklin
    As a political leader, Franklin did his best to improve the quality of life in the United States, and for Franklin, education was an important factor. Franklin was always "acting to advance human well-being, and fostering lives of virtue and service to make this advance possible" (Cambridge Companion 105). In 1731, Franklin formed the first subscription library in the United States, called the Library Company in Philadelphia.
  • Johan Pestalozzi

    Johan Pestalozzi
    In summary, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi was a Swiss educational reformer influenced by the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. He believed in a whole-child approach that focused on the head, heart, and hands. For Pestalozzi, education was a vehicle for creating a more just society.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War comprised the North American theater of the worldwide Seven Years' War of 1754–1763.
  • Noah Webster

    Noah Webster
    Even during his own lifetime, he received awards from his peers, and his pragmatic views influenced future educators. Webster freed America from intellectual inferiority, and his dictionary promoted English courses in school curriculum.The speller sold over a hundred million copies until the 19th century when it was replaced by the McGuffey reader, and the dictionary has gained renown as the greatest dictionary of the English language. Few secular critics oppose Webster, if any
  • New England Primer

    New England Primer
    first reading primer designed for the American Colonies. It became the most successful educational textbook published in 18th century America and it became the foundation of most schooling before the 1790s
  • Friedrich Froebel

    Friedrich Froebel
    Friedrich Wilhelm August Froebel (Fröbel) (1782 – 1852). Friedrich Froebel, the German educationalist, is best known as the originator of the 'kindergarten system'. ... He grew up, it is said, with a love for nature and with a strong Christian faith and this was central to his thinking as an educationalist
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    the Treaty of Paris of 1783, negotiated between the United States and Great Britain, ended the revolutionary war and recognized American independence. The Continental Congress named a five-member commission to negotiate a treaty–John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, and Henry Laurens.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    The gathering that drafted the Constitution of the United States in 1787; all states were invited to send delegates. The convention, meeting in Philadelphia, designed a government with separate legislative, executive, and judicial branches.
  • Young Ladies Academy

    Young Ladies Academy
    The education of young women is a thought relatively new to world history. The first proposals for such training only began rumbling around in early 18th century France. Yet it was almost a century before more formal plans were presented to the National Convention of France. In April 1792, Marie Jean Caritat, the Marquis de Condorcet, argued that women are citizens and should have the same educational opportunities as men
  • Constitution and Bill of Rights Ratified

    Constitution and Bill of Rights Ratified
    These 12 were approved on September 25, 1789 and sent to the states for ratification. The 10 amendments that are now known as the Bill of Rights were ratified on December 15, 1791, thus becoming a part of the Constitution
  • New England Primer

    New England Primer
    The New England Primer was the first reading primer designed for the American Colonies. It became the most successful educational textbook published in 18th century America and it became the foundation of most schooling before the 1790s
  • Horace Mann

    Horace Mann
    was an American reformer of education who lived from 1796-1859. He is often called the 'Father of the Common School Movement,' which was a movement devoted to creating a more equitable public school system characterized by quality teachers and a nonsectarian approach.
  • Catherine Beecher

    Catherine Beecher
    A member of a prominent activist and religious family, Catharine Esther Beecher was a nineteenth century teacher and writer who promoted equal access to education for women and advocated for their roles as teachers and mothers. Embracing traits associated with femininity such as nurturance, Beecher argued that women were uniquely suited to the moral and intellectual development of children, either as mothers or as educators.
  • William Holmes McGuffey

    William Holmes McGuffey
    U.S. educator who is remembered chiefly for his series of elementary school reading books popularly known as the McGuffey Readers
  • Elizabeth Palmer Peabody

    Elizabeth Palmer Peabody
    was an American educator who opened the first English-language kindergarten in the United States.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    The War of 1812 was a military conflict that lasted from June 1812 to February 1815, fought between the United States of America and the United Kingdom, its North American colonies, and its Native American allies
  • Elizabeth Blackwell

    Elizabeth Blackwell
    Blackwell opened a medical college in New York City. A year later, she placed her sister in charge and returned permanently to London, where in 1875, she became a professor of gynecology at the new London School of Medicine for Women. She also helped found the National Health Society and published several books, including an autobiography, Pioneer Work in Opening the Medical Profession to Women (1895)
  • Boston English High School

    Boston English High School
    The English High School of Boston, Massachusetts, is one of the first public high schools in America, founded in 1821. Originally called The English Classical School, it was renamed The English High School upon its first relocation in 1824
  • McGuffey Readers

    McGuffey Readers
    McGuffey Readers were a series of graded primers for grade levels 1-6. They were widely used as textbooks in American schools from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century, and are still used today in some private schools and in homeschooling
  • Mount Holyoke Female Seminary

    Mount Holyoke Female Seminary
    Mount Holyoke College is a liberal arts college for women in South Hadley, Massachusetts, United States. It was the first member of the Seven Sisters colleges, and it served as a model for some of the others
  • New York State Asylum for Idiots

    New York State Asylum for Idiots
    First located on rented landed in Albany, it admitted its first "pupils" in 1851. The cornerstone was laid in 1854 for a new building in Syracuse, and the institution removed to Syracuse in 1855. After 1855 it was generally known as either the New York Asylum for Idiots or just the State Idiot Asylum
  • Kindergarten

    a school or class that prepares children for first grade. A child in kindergarten is typically 5 or 6 years old.
    (in Britain and Australia) an establishment where children below the age of compulsory education play and learn.
  • Booker T Washington

    Booker T Washington
    So his system of hard work, discipline, and self-help was a way to educate blacks without antagonizing whites.
    Tuskegee Institute's educational program wentin its promotion of African American social, political, and economic participation in mainstream society. Although Washington originally argued that blacks should stay out of politics, he later rejected black disfranchisement.
  • Alfred Binet

    Alfred Binet
    Intelligence is defined as scholastic aptitude. At the beginning of the 20th century, psychologist Alfred Binet designed the first intelligence test as a way to identify at-risk students. The test gave a mental age for a student, which is often contrasted with the student's chronological age
  • The National Teachers Association

    The National Teachers Association
    largest labor union in the United States.[2] It represents public school teachers and other support personnel, faculty and staffers at colleges and universities, retired educators, and college students preparing to become teachers. The NEA has just under 3 million members and is headquartered in Washington, D.C.[1] The NEA had a budget of more than $341 million for the 2012–2013 fiscal year.[3] Lily Eskelsen García is the NEA's current president.[4]
  • John Dewey

    John Dewey
    Known for his advocacy of democracy, Dewey considered—schools and civil society—to be major topics needing attention and reconstruction to encourage experimental intelligence and plurality. Dewey asserted that complete democracy was to be obtained not just by extending voting rights but also by ensuring that there exists a fully formed public opinion, accomplished by communication among citizens, experts, and politicians, with the latter being accountable for the policies they adopt.
  • US Civil War

    US Civil War
    The American Civil War was an internal conflict fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865. The Union faced secessionists in eleven Southern states grouped together as the Confederate States of America. The Union won the war, which remains the bloodiest in U.S. history.
  • The First Morrill Act

    The First Morrill Act
    The Morrill Act of 1862 was also known as the Land Grant College Act. It was a major boost to higher education in America. The grant was originally set up to establish institutions is each state that would educate people in agriculture, home economics, mechanical arts, and other professions that were practical at the time. The land-grant act was introduced by a congressman from Vermont named Justin Smith Morrill. He envisioned the financing of agricultural and mechanical education.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. It purported to change the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free", although its immediate effect was less
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865.
  • Howard University

    Howard University
    Private university in Washington, D.C., United States of America
    Howard University is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university in Washington, D.C.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    The Fourteenth Amendment addresses many aspects of citizenship and the rights of citizens.
  • Maria Montessori

    Maria Montessori
    Maria Montessori was an Italian physician, educator, and innovator, acclaimed for her educational method that builds on the way children naturally learn. She opened the first Montessori school—the Casa dei Bambini, or Children's House—in Rome on January 6, 1907
  • American Association on Intellectual and Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

    American Association on Intellectual and Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
    It is the world's oldest, trans-disciplinary, professional organization devoted to intellectual disability (ID, formerly mental retardation)
  • Carlisle Indian Industrial School

    Carlisle Indian Industrial School
    The United States Indian Industrial School in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, generally known as Carlisle Indian Industrial School, was the flagship Indian boarding school in the United States from 1879 through 1918.
  • Lincoln University

    Lincoln University
    Lincoln University is a historically black public land-grant university and located in Jefferson City, Missouri.
  • Committee of Ten

    Committee of Ten
    recommended the standardization of American high school curriculum
  • Plessy vs. Ferguson

    Plessy vs. Ferguson
    Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 US 537 (1896) was a landmark constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court. It upheld state racial segregation laws for public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".[1] The decision was handed down by a vote of 7 to 1 with the majority opinion written by Justice Henry Billings Brown and the dissent written by Justice John Marshall Harlan.
  • Jean Piaget

    Jean Piaget
    infant is in the sensorimotor stage. He understands the world by the actions he performs.preschool child is in preoperational. the prek child recognizes that objects exist even when he does not touch them. The preschooler has developed his own system of symbols to represent objects in the real world.children should be introduced to new experiences that are related to experiences they have already had and challenge their thinking in some way.
    Children are innately curious and motivated to learn
  • Spanish American War

    Spanish American War
    The Spanish–American War was a conflict fought between Spain and the United States in 1898. Hostilities began in the aftermath of the internal explosion of the USS Maine in Havana harbor in Cuba
  • Dame Schools

    Dame Schools
    A Dame school was an early form of a private elementary school in English-speaking countries. They were usually taught by women and were often located in the home of the teacher.
  • Joliet Junior College

    Joliet Junior College
    Joliet Junior College, a community college based in Joliet, Illinois, is the first public community college founded in the United States.
  • Benjamin Bloom

    Benjamin Bloom
    made contributions to the classification of educational objectives and to the theory of mastery learning. He also directed a research team which conducted a major investigation into the development of exceptional talent whose results are relevant to the question of eminence, exceptional achievement, and greatness. In 1956, Bloom edited the first volume of Taxonomy of educational objectives
  • WWI

    World War I, also known as the First World War, or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918
  • Madeline C. Hunter

    Madeline C. Hunter
    She believed that the foremost job of teachers was decision making, and that each teacher makes thousands of decisions each day. All of the decisions a teacher makes can be put into one of three categories: (1) content category - what you are going to teach; (2) teaching behavior category - what you as the teacher will do to facilitate and escalate that learning; and (3) learning behavior category - how the students are going to learn and how they will let you know that they've learned it.
  • American Federation of Teachers

    American Federation of Teachers
    American labor union that primarily represents teachers. The union was founded in Chicago in 1916, with Margaret Haley credited as its founder and first leader
  • Smith-Hughes Act

    Smith-Hughes Act
    The Smith-Hughes National Vocational Education Act of 1917 was an act of the United States Congress that promoted vocational agriculture to train people "who have entered upon or who are preparing to enter upon the work of the farm," and provided federal funds for this purpose.
  • Progressive Education Association

    Progressive Education Association
    is a pedagogical movement that began in the late nineteenth century; it has persisted in various forms to the present. The term progressive was engaged to distinguish this education from the traditional Euro-American curricula of the 19th century, which was rooted in classical preparation for the university and strongly differentiated by social class. By contrast, progressive education finds its roots in present experience. Most progressive education programs have these qualities in commo
  • Gestalt Theory

    Gestalt Theory
    Gestalt is a psychology term which means "unified whole". It refers to theories of visual perception developed by German psychologists in the 1920s. These theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied.
  • Tennessee vs. John Scopes

    Tennessee vs. John Scopes
    accused of violating the law against teaching evolution. Tennessee's Butler Act
  • Scholastic Aptitude Test

    Scholastic Aptitude Test
    SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States.
  • Great Depression

    Great Depression
    the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s
  • Herbert R. Kohl

    Herbert R. Kohl
    educator best known for his advocacy of progressive alternative education[2] and as the author of more than thirty books on education.[3] He founded the 1960s Open School movement and is credited with coining the term "open classroom"
  • WWII

    World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although related conflicts began earlier
  • GI Bill

    GI Bill
    The American Legion, Inc., is a wartime veterans' organization formed in Paris, France, on March 16, 1919, by members of the American Expeditionary Forces.[1] It was chartered by Congress on September 16, 1919. The American Legion is headquartered in Indianapolis, Indiana, and also has offices in Washington, D.C.[2] It played the leading role in drafting and passing the GI Bill in 1944
  • Truman Commission Report

    Truman Commission Report
    Higher Education for American Democracy was a report to U.S. President Harry S. Truman on the condition of higher education in the United States
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 347 U.S. 483, was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional. overturned the P v. F decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court's unanimous (9–0) decision stated that "separate educational facilities are inherently unequal."
  • Ruby Bridges

    Ruby Bridges
    A lifelong activist for racial equality, in 1999, Ruby established The Ruby Bridges Foundation to promote tolerance and create change through education. In 2000, she was made an honorary deputy marshal in a ceremony in Washington, D.C.
  • National Defense Education Act (NDEA)

    National Defense Education Act (NDEA)
    providing funding to United States education institutions at all levels
    NDEA was among many science initiatives implemented by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958 to increase the technological sophistication and power of the United States alongside, for instance, DARPA and NASA. It followed a growing national sense that U.S. scientists were falling behind scientists in the Soviet Union
  • McCarver Elementary School

    McCarver Elementary School
    prepares students to become active, caring, lifelong learners who demonstrate respect for themselves and others and have the capacity to participate in the world around them. It focuses on the development of the whole child as an inquirer, both within and beyond the classroom
  • National School Lunch Act

    National School Lunch Act
    The Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (79 P.L. 396, 60 Stat. 230) is a United States federal law that created the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) to provide low-cost or free school lunch meals to qualified students through subsidies to schools.
  • Civil Rights Act

    Civil Rights Act
    The Civil Rights Act of 1964, which ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin, is considered one of the crowning legislative achievements of the civil rights movement. First proposed by President John F. Kennedy, it survived strong opposition from southern members of Congress and was then signed into law by Kennedy’s successor, Lyndon B. Johnson.
  • Project Head Start

    Project Head Start
    provides comprehensive early childhood education, health, nutrition, and parent involvement services to low-income children and their families. The program's services and resources are designed to foster stable family relationships, enhance children's physical and emotional well-being, and establish an environment to develop strong cognitive skills
  • The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)

    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
    and has been the most far-reaching federal legislation affecting education ever passed by the United States Congress. The act is an extensive statute that funds primary and secondary education.[1] It also emphasizes equal access to education and establishes high standards and accountability.[2] In addition, the bill aims to shorten the achievement gaps between students by providing each child with fair and equal opportunities to achieve an exceptional education
  • Bilingual Education Act

    Bilingual Education Act
    Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1968, was the first piece of United States federal legislation that recognized the needs of Limited English Speaking Ability (LESA) students
  • Indian Education Act

    Indian Education Act
    culturally related academic needs and distinct language and cultural needs;Federal Indian Education legislation, that deals with AIeducation from pre-school to graduate-level education and reflects the diversity of government involvement in Indian education;national attention on the educational needs of AI learners, reaffirming the Federal government’s special responsibility related to the education of both; and It provides services to both that are not provided by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972

    Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972
    On June 23, 1972, the President signed Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., into law. Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity
  • Rehabilitation Act

    Rehabilitation Act
    This document is a revised version of a document originally developed by the Chicago Office of the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the U.S. Department of Education (ED) to clarify the requirements of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (Section 504) in the area of public elementary and secondary education. The primary purpose of these revisions is to incorporate information about the Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act of 2008 (Amendments Act)
  • Lev Vgotsky

    Lev Vgotsky
    At the core of Vygotsky's theory, called the Cultural-Historical Theory, is the idea that child development is the result of the interactions between children and their social environment. ... Instead, Vygotsky felt that learning could lead development if it occurs within the child's Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD)
  • Plyler v. Doe

    Plyler v. Doe
    case in which the Supreme Court of the United States struck down a state statute denying funding for education to illegal immigrant children and simultaneously struck down a municipal school district's attempt to charge illegal immigrants an annual $1,000 tuition fee for each illegal alien student to compensate for the lost state funding.
  • California Proposition 227

    California Proposition 227
    also called the English Language in Public Schools Statute, was on the June 2, 1998 statewide primary ballot in California as an initiated state statute. It was approved. Proposition 227 changed the way that "Limited English Proficient" (LEP) students are taught in California.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    passed Congress with overwhelming bipartisan support in 2001 and was signed into law by President George W. Bush on Jan. 8, 2002, is the name for the most recent update to the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.