Korean War

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    North Korea in China

    North Korea backed the communist party in the Chinese Civil War with both supplies and manpower (approx 70,000-120,000 troops). This paid off later for the North, as the Chinese communists sent the North Koreans home with their wepons and training, playing a vital role in the initial invasion of South Korea. Chinese troops even fought in Korea for the North.
  • Korea's Independence from Japan

    Korea's Independence from Japan
    Following the Allied forces' victory over Japan in World War II, Korea gained its freedom, only to be occupied by Soviet forces in the North, and U.S. troops in the South, split by the infamous 38th parallel.
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    The People's Republic of Korea - Short lived government established after Korea's liberation from Japan. The U.S. occupation ended it though, as the PRK was suspected to be communist leaning. It operated unoficially until about January of 1946 until it was forcibly dissolved by the USAMGIK.
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    The United States Army Military Government In Korea - Lead by Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge.
  • The Moscow Conference

    The Moscow Conference
    The meeting that determined many of the outcomes of WWII also created the joint Soviet-U.S. commission that implimented a 5-year trusteeship, whereafter Korea would be granted its independence. This proved to be very unpopular among the Korean population, which was expecting immediate independence.
  • Autumn Uprising

    Autumn Uprising
    An immense railroad worker strike sparked civil disorder and violence throughout Korea. In the following months, hundreds of civilians and police officers would be killed. This lack of progress in Korea would lead the U.S. to push for the election for an independent Korea through the UN.
  • South Korea General Election

    South Korea General Election
    Stained by counts of terrorism and sabotage, the election established the first independent government of South Korea that the U.S. recognized. Later, on July 20, 1948, Syngman Rhee would be elected as the first president of the new government.
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    The Republic of Korea

    ***Still the recognized government of South Korea
  • North Korea Parliamentary Elections

    North Korea Parliamentary Elections
    Elections were hosted shortly after South Korea established the Republic of Korea
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    The Democratic People's Republic of Korea - Established with Kim Il-sung as the supreme leader (Korean Workers' Party). Not recogized by UN
  • Start of the Korean War

    Start of the Korean War
    Fueled by small skirmishes along the 38th Parallel, North Korea launches its first large-scale invasion of the South, marking the beginning of the Korean War.
  • U.S. Forces Announce Committment to South Korea

    U.S. Forces Announce Committment to South Korea
    U.S. President Harry Truman approved the use of planes and naval vessels to support South Korea. Only four days later, ground forces were dispatched.
  • Seoul Evacuates.

    Seoul Evacuates.
    Just days after North Korea invades, President Rhee and other key government members evacuate Seoul, the capital of the ROK. While civilians also try to flee, many can not escape the pace that the North Korean army is moving.
  • Battle of Osan

    Battle of Osan
    The first major ground operation involving U.S. troops. Without the firepower to break the North's tank armor, the battle was a lopsided defeat for the ROK
  • U.S. Forces Land at Incheon

    U.S. Forces Land at Incheon
    Led by Gen. Douglas MacArthur, the arrival of U.S. ground forces changed the tides of the war. Within weeks, South Korean troops, now backed by the U.S., Occupied much of North Korea.
  • Seoul is Recaptured

    Seoul is Recaptured
    Following Gen. MacArthur's successful landing at Incheon, South Korean and supporting forces manage to retake much of the territory that was lost, including Seoul.
  • Pyongyang Captured

    Pyongyang Captured
    The ROK, followed by UN forces, push the North Korean army past the 38th Parallel, into the North. Pyongyang, North Korea's capital is captured.
  • China Gets Involved

    China Gets Involved
    After warning of intervention if the ROK and UN armies progress into North Korea, Chinese forces pushed into Korea, making first contact near the China-North Korea border.
  • UN Forces Are Pushed Back

    UN Forces Are Pushed Back
    Following China's large-scale intervention, UN forces are pushed back across the 38th Parallel. President Truman declares a state of emergency.
  • Seoul Recaptured

    Seoul Recaptured
    Following the deciding loss in the "Chinese New Year Offensive" (Took place New Year's Eve, 1950), Seoul is Recaptured by the Chinese-led North Korean Army.
  • China is Condemned

    China is Condemned
    The United Nations General Assembly condemns China as an aggressor in the Korean War.
  • Seoul Recaptured - Again

    Seoul Recaptured - Again
    After the battlefront stabilized, the UN forces began to gain momentum, eventually recapturing Seoul for a second time - the city's 4th capture in under a year.
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    After fighting Chinese/North Korean forces back into North Korean territory, the two sides generally exchanged no territory for the remainder of the war.
  • MacArthur is Relieved of Duty in Korea

    MacArthur is Relieved of Duty in Korea
    Following a long list of issues, including invading the North without orders, President Truman Relieved Gen. Douglas MacArthur from Operations in Korea. Later, he will be will be subject to congressional hearings that he defied direct orders from the president, this breaking the constitution.
  • Stalemate - See Timespan

  • End of the Korean War

    End of the Korean War
    A cease-fire agreement was signed at Panmunjom, making the end of the Korean War official. It did not, however, ease tensions between the North and South.
  • Remaining U.S. Troops Withdrawl from Korea

    Remaining U.S. Troops Withdrawl from Korea
    With many troops leaving immediately, it wasn't until nearly 9 months after the peace agreement was signed that all U.S. troops left Korea.