north korea invades south korea, wether north koreans acted with stalin's approval is still debated
timespan for korean war
Truman ordera air and naval support
Truman orders air and naval support for South Korea & calls for UN intervention. With the Soviet Union absent from the Security Council, the U.S. was able to win agreement from UN to support South Korea. MacArthur appointed to command UN operations
invader light bombers to heijo airfield
Fifth Air Force's 3rd Bombardment Group sends 18 B-26 Invader light bombers against Heijo Airfield near the North Korean capital of Pyongyang: 25 enemy aircraft are destroyed on the ground; one Yak fighter is shot down.
first U.S. infantry arrives in korea
1st Battalion, 21st Infantry Regiment, 24th Infantry Division. Along with Battery A of the 52nd Field Artillery Battalion, it comprises Task Force Smith.
on Korea's east coast, the USS Juneau helps destroy three of four attacking North Korean torpedo boats.
on Korea's east coast, the USS Juneau helps destroy three of four attacking North Korean torpedo boats
Battle of Osan
First U.S. ground action of the war: Task Force Smith (406 infantrymen and 134 artillerymen) engages and delays advancing North Korean People's Army (NKPA) units.
Fifty-seven army nurses arrive in pusan, Korea
They helped establish a hospital for the wounded. Two days later, on July 8, twelve Army nurses moved forward with a mobile Army surgical hospital (MASH) to Taejon
478 U.S. troops
478 U.S. troops participate in the defense of the Pusan Perimeter, including the U.S. Army's 1st Cavalry Division, 2nd, 24th, and 25th Infantry Divisions, and the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade.
U.S. troops invade at Inchon
In surprise landing behind enemy lines, US forces push North Korean army back north of the 38th parallel.
Pusan Perimeter breakout
Eighth U.S. Army (EUSA) breaks out of the Pusan Perimeter. Four U.S. divisions (1st Cavalry Division, 2nd, 24th and 25th Infantry Divisions) participate.
Pyongyang falls to UN forces
North Korean capital now in UN control.
Chinese divisions enter fighting
With increased opposition, UN offensive stalls and then collapses. Chinese troops push UN forces back across 38th parallel and capture Southern capital of Seoul.
First all-jet combat in history
An F-80 Shooting Star of the 51st Fighter Interceptor Wing shoots down a MiG-15 fighter near Sinuiju in a 30-second dogfight.
Battle of the Changjin (Chosin) Reservoir
The encircled 1st Marine Division fights its way southward from the Chosin Reservoir to the port city of Hungnam.
Hungnam Operation is complete
the U.S. Navy evacuates 105,000 U.S. and Republic of Korea (ROK) forces.
Battle of twin-tunnels
The 23rd Infantry Regiment (2nd Infantry Division), French Battalion and 347th Field Artillery Battalion confront several CCF regiments, killing at least 1,300 Chinese.
Battle of Chipyong-ni
First mass assault by CCF: 18,000 troops. CCF offensive contained by 23rd Regiment (2nd Infantry Division), French Battalion, 1st Ranger Company, 37th Field Artillery Battalion, and Battery B of the 82nd Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion.
MacArthur declares "There is no substitute for victory"
In message to House Republican leader Martin, MacArthur expresses his frustration with the limited war U.S. is fighting against communists.
Truman relieves MacArthur of command
Following several warnings about insubordination, Truman angers public (69% support MacArthur) by firing the US commander.
MacArthur addresses Congress after being away from the U.S. since 1935
In emotional speech, MacArthur declares "Old soldiers never die, they merely fade away".
Wars first aerial duel
More than 40 MiG-15s attack a B-29 formation, shooting down two bombers. Eleven of the MiGs are destroyed, seven by B-29 gunners.
Battle of the punchbowl
The 1st Marine Division encounters heavy North Korean resistance, but succeeds in taking its objective
Negotiations begin at Panmunjon
Talks drag on until 1953 and war is settled with the establishment of a DMZ (demilitarized zone) on each side of the 38th parallel
Battle of Bloody-ridge
(Hill 983). The 15th Field Artillery Battalion sets a record by firing 14,425 rounds in 24 hours.
Battle of heartbreak ridge
The 2nd Infantry Division seizes Heartbreak Ridge.
Korea becomes campaign issue in 1952 presidential election
Eisenhower pledges to go to Korea to end the war. VP candidate Nixon contends Democrats had caved in to communists in Korea and that Democrat presidential candidate Stevenson should be called "Adlai the Appeaser".
Raid on Agok
Nine tanks of the 245th Tank Battalion, 45th Infantry Division, retaliate for three raids on the division's sector.
Battle for old baldy
Battle of Bunker
First major Marine ground action in western Korea is fought by the 1st Marine Division.
Battle of Hill 598 (Sniper Ridge). 7th Infantry Division battles the Chinese near Kumhwa, the right leg of the Iron Triangle.
Battle of hook
The 38th Infantry Regiment (2nd Infantry Division) repels Chinese forces during an intense battle.