The Cold War

  • United Nations (UN) Formed

    United Nations (UN) Formed
    The United Nations is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights
  • Germany Divided

    Germany Divided
    At the Potsdam Conference (17 July to 2 August 1945), after Germany's unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945, the Allies divided Germany into four military occupation zones — France in the southwest, Britain in the northwest, the United States in the south, and the Soviet Union in the east, bounded eastwards by the Ode
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    The Truman Doctrine was an American foreign policy whose stated purpose was to counter Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. It was announced to Congress by President Harry S. Truman on March 12, 1947, and further developed on July 4, 1948, when he pledged to contain threats in Greece and Turkey.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    The plan's aid was divided among the recipient countries on a more or less per capita basis. Greater quantities were given to the great industrial powers, since the dominant opinion was that their reactivation would be essential for the general prosperity of Europe.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Western Allies organised the Berlin airlift (26 June 1948 – 30 September 1949) to carry supplies to the people of West Berlin, a difficult feat given the size of the city's population. The Americans and British then began a joint operation in support of the entire city
  • NATO Formed

    NATO Formed
    The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. NATO was the first peacetime military alliance the United States entered into outside of the Western Hemisphere.
  • Kim Il-sung invade South Korea

    Kim Il-sung invade South Korea
    Coming to power after the end of Japanese rule in 1945, he authorized the invasion of South Korea in 1950, triggering an intervention in defense of South Korea by the United Nations led by the United States. Following the military stalemate in the Korean War, a ceasefire was signed on 27 July 1953.
  • UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China

    UN forces push North Korea to Yalu River- the border with China
    The unexpected surprise attack pushed the South Korean (Republic of Korea or ROK) forces ... the Yalu River, the border between North Korea and China
  • Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War

    Chinese forces cross Yalu and enter Korean War
    Those who escaped envelopment and capture were forced back north. UN forces invaded North Korea in October 1950 and moved rapidly towards the Yalu River—the border with China—but on 19 October 1950, Chinese forces of the People's Volunteer Army (PVA) crossed the Yalu and entered the war.
  • Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution (1953)

    Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Execution (1953)
    On this day in 1953, Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed at Sing Sing Prison in Ossining, New York. Both refused to admit any wrongdoing and proclaimed their innocence right up to the time of their deaths, by the electric chair
  • TIMESPAN: Korean War

    TIMESPAN: Korean War
    The Korean War was carried out between 1950 and 1953. Its components were the Republic of Korea, supported by the armed forces of several countries commanded by the United States; and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union
  • Armistice Signed

    Armistice Signed
    The Korean Armistice Agreement is a non-aggression treaty currently in force, signed by North Korea and the United States on July 27, 1953 that ended the hostilities made.
  • Sputnik l

    Sputnik l
    History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union successfully launched Sputnik I. The world's first artificial satellite was about the size of a beach ball (58 cm.or 22.8 inches in diameter), weighed only 83.6 kg. or 183.9 pounds, and took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth on its elliptical path.
  • Warsaw Pact Formed

    Warsaw Pact Formed
    The Warsaw Treaty Organization (also known as the Warsaw Pact) was a political and military alliance established on May 14, 1955 between the Soviet Union and several Eastern European countries.