Key Terms: Unit 5 Between the Wars

  • Frances Willard

    Frances Willard
    (September 28, 1839 – February 17, 1898)Her influence was instrumental in the passage of the Eighteenth (Prohibition) and Nineteenth (Women Suffrage) Amendments to the United States Constitution.
  • William Jennings Bryan

    William Jennings Bryan
    Born in Illinois, William Jennings Bryan (1860-1925) became a Nebraska congressman in 1890. He starred at the 1896 Democratic convention with his Cross of Gold speech that favored free silver, but was defeated in his bid to become U.S. president by William McKinley.
  • Henry Ford

    Henry Ford
    Created the Ford Model T car in 1908 and went on to develop the assembly line mode of production.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism is a modern name given to various theories of society which claim to apply biological concepts of natural selection and survival of the fittest to sociology and politics.
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

    Eleanor Roosevelt
    A leader in her own right and involved in numerous humanitarian causes throughout her life.
  • Tin Pan Alley

    Tin Pan Alley
    Tin Pan Alley is the name given to the collection of New York City music publishers and songwriters who dominated the popular music of the United States in the late 19th century and early 20th century.
  • Marcus Garvey

    Marcus Garvey
    (17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940)Founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League. Garvey advanced a Pan-African philosophy which inspired a global mass movement, known as Garveyism.
  • Dorothea Lange

    Dorothea  Lange
    Dorothea Lange was an influential American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration.
  • Langston Hughes

    Langston Hughes
    (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967)He was one of the earliest innovators of the then-new literary art form called jazz poetry. Hughes is best known as a leader of the Harlem Renaissance.
  • The Great Migration

    The Great Migration
    The Great Migration was the movement of 6 million blacks out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970.
  • Federal Reserve System

    Federal Reserve System
    The Federal Reserve System‍—‌also known as the Federal Reserve or simply as the Fed‍—‌is the central banking system of the United States.
  • 1st Red Scare (1920's)

    1st Red Scare (1920's)
    A nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other dissidents suddenly grabbed the American psyche in 1919 following a series of anarchist bombings. The nation was gripped in fear. Innocent people were jailed for expressing their views, civil liberties were ignored, and many Americans feared that a Bolshevik-style revolution was at hand. Then, in the early 1920s, the fear seemed to dissipate just as quickly as it had begun, and the Red Scare was over.
  • Prohibition

    a nationwide constitutional ban on the sale, production, importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1933.
  • Warren G Harding "Return to Normalcy"

    Warren G Harding "Return to Normalcy"
    A return to the way of life before World War I, was United States presidential candidate Warren G. Harding's campaign promise in the election of 1920.
  • Tea Pot Dome Scandal

    Tea Pot Dome Scandal
    The Teapot Dome scandal was a bribery incident that took place in the United States from 1921 to 1922, during the administration of President Warren G. Harding.
  • Clarence Darrow

    Clarence Darrow
    volunteered to defend John Scopes' right to teach evolution
  • Harlem Renaissance

    Harlem Renaissance
    The name given to the cultural, social, and artistic explosion that took place in Harlem between the end of World War I and the middle of the 1930s.
  • Scopes Monkey Trial

    Scopes Monkey Trial
    The Scopes Trial is one of the best known in American history because it symbolizes the conflict between science and theology, faith and reason, individual liberty and majority rule.
  • Charles Augustus Lindbergh

    Charles Augustus Lindbergh
    Lindbergh,Charles Augustus(1902-1974) American aviator,made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean on May 20-21,1927.(Others had done this but never nonstop or alone)
  • Stock Market Crash"Black Tuesday"

    Stock Market Crash"Black Tuesday"
    Stock prices began to decline in September and early October 1929, and on October 18 the fall began. Panic set in, and on October 24—Black Thursday—a record 12,894,650 shares were traded. Investment companies and leading bankers attempted to stabilize the market by buying up great blocks of stock, producing a moderate rally on Friday.
  • The Great Depression

    The Great Depression
    The Great Depression (1929-39) was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world.
  • Jazz Music

    Jazz Music
  • The Dust Bowl

    The Dust Bowl
    The Dust Bowl, also known as the Dirty Thirties, was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930s
  • 20th Amendment

    20th Amendment
    The 20th amendment is a simple amendment that sets the dates at which federal (United States) government elected offices end. In also defines who succeeds the president if the president dies.
  • The New Deal

    The New Deal
    A series of domestic programs enacted in the United States between 1933 and 1938, and a few that came later. They included both laws passed by Congress as well as presidential executive orders during the first term (1933–37) of President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
  • "Relief,Rexovery,Reform"

    'Three R's', were introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression to address the problems of mass unemployment and the economic crisis. FDR's Three R's - Relief, Recovery and Reform - required either immediate, temporary or permanent actions and reforms and were collectively known as FDR's New Deal.
  • Franklin D Roosevelt

    Franklin D Roosevelt
    Under FDR, the American federal government assumed new and powerful roles in the nation's economy, in its corporate life, and in the health, welfare, and well-being of its citizens.
  • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

    Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
    Federally owned corporation in the United States created by congressional charter in May 1933 to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region particularly affected by the Great Depression.
  • 21st Amendment

    21st Amendment
    Ended Prohibition in the United States.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FCIC)

    Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FCIC)
    The FDIC insures deposit accounts at more than half of all federally and state-chartered banks and thrifts against failure.
  • Securities&Exchange commission (SEC)

    Securities&Exchange commission (SEC)
    Government commission created by Congress to regulate the securities markets and protect investors.
  • Social Security Administration (SSA)

    Social Security Administration (SSA)
    The SSA is responsible for distributing retirement benefits and disability payments to Americans.