Italian Fascist Timeline

  • Italian State Created

    Unification of Italy.
  • Paris Peace Settlement

    The meeting of countries after World War I in order to settle disputes and punish the losing countries.
  • Combat Squads

    Created by Mussolini to enforce fascism in Italy.
  • 88 Fascist Groups in Italy

    Groups of fascists which which accumulated to 20,615 members.
  • 834 Fasci

    A year later, over 200,000 members crreated 834 fasci. Aggresive attacks on enemies led to 207 deaths, and over 800 people wounded.
  • Elections 1921

    Mussolini forms the National Fascist Party and wins only 35 seats in the general election.
  • March on Rome

    Mussolini threatened to march on Rome with 26,000 troops in an attempt to attain complete control of Italy. His march was completed without resistance as the King asked him to form a government.
  • Occupation of Corfu

    When the Italian general and three of his assistants are killed in Greek territory, Italy demands reparations and the name of the killers. Because Greece can not give the names of the killers, Italy bombards and occupies the Greek island of Corfu, killing at least 15 civillians in the process.
  • Acerbo Law

    Forced through parliament, this law meant that the party who got the most votes in an election would be assured two-thirds majority in the Chamber of Deputies.
  • Election of 1924

    Mussolini's party wins by a landslide vote due to the use of intimidation tactics. They win a two-third majority due to the Acerbo Law.
  • Matteotti

    The leader of the Socialist Party, Giacomo Matteotti, speaks out against Mussolini. He is then kidnapped and killed with a carpenter's file eleven days later.
  • Locarno Pacts

    A series of treaties and agreements between primary European countries to ensure prevention of war and protection from one another.
  • Political Parties/Unions banned

    All anti-fascist parties are eliminated, while trade unions are banned.
  • OVRA

    Italian secret police created by Mussolini in order to stop any anti-fascist activity or sentiment.
  • Elections cancelled

    Members were no longer able to be elected into government, instead they had to be chosen by the Fascist Grand Council, presided by Mussolini.
  • Stresa Front

    An agreement made in the town of Stesa between the French foreign minister, British prime minister, and Italian prime minister in order to reaffirm the Locarno Treaties.
  • Invasion of Ethiopia

    An Italian invasion of Ethiopia caused over a boundary dispute. This battle is recognized for exposing the weakness of the League of Nations.