Intro to Vet Timeline

  • "The Body of Liberties" in Massachusetts Bay

    "The Body of Liberties" in Massachusetts Bay
    From 'The Body of Liberties': "92. No man shall exercise any tyranny or cruelty towards any brute creature which are usually kept for man's use.
    1. If any man shall have occasion to lead or drive cattle from place to place that is far off, so that they be weary, or hungry, or fall sick or lame, it shall be lawful to rest or refresh them, for competent time, in any open place that is not corn, meadow, or enclosed for some peculiar use..."
  • Anti-Cruelty Law in Maine

    Anti-Cruelty Law in Maine
    From law: "Be it further enacted, That if any person shall cruelly beat any horse or cattle, and be thereof convicted, . . . he shall be punished by fine not less than two dollars nor more than five dollars, or by imprisonment in the common gaol for a term not exceeding thirty days, according to the aggravation of the offence." Source:
  • First Anti-Cruelty Law Passed by New York Legislature

    First Anti-Cruelty Law Passed by New York Legislature
    From anti-cruelty law: "Every person who shall maliciously kill, maim or wound any horse, ox or other cattle, or any sheep, belonging to another, or shall maliciously and cruelly beat or torture any such animals, whether belonging to himself or another, shall upon conviction, be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor." Source:
  • ASPCA Is Formed

    ASPCA Is Formed
    ASPCA stands for American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and was created by Henry Bergh in April 10, 1866. Its original mission was "to provide effective means for the prevention of cruelty to animals throughout the United States, to enforce all laws which are now or may hereafter be enacted for the protection of animals and to secure, by lawful means, the arrest and conviction of all persons violating such laws." Source:
  • The Animal Transportation Act is Passed

  • The Humane Slaughter Act is Passed

    From The Humane Slaughter Act:
    "No method of slaughtering or handling in connection with slaughtering shall be deemed to comply with the public policy of the United States unless it is humane.
    (a) in the case of [livestock], all animals are rendered insensible to pain by a single blow, gunshot, electrical, chemical or other means that is rapid and effective, before being shackled, hoisted, thrown, etc.
    by slaughtering in accordance with the requirements of the Jewish faith or any other faith."
  • Laboratory Animal Welfare Act

    AWA requires all animal dealers to be registered and licensed as well as liable to monitoring by Federal regulators and suspension of their license if they violate any provisions of AWA and imprisonment of up to a year with a fine of $1,000. All facilities covered by AWA were required to establish a special committee that included at least 1 person trained as a vet and one not tied to the facility. They had to regularly assess animal welfare.
  • Horse Protection Act

    States that its illegal to intentionally injure a horse's feet to make them walk a certain way for show. Source:
  • Marine Mammal Protection Act

    Made it illegal to import, export, and sell any marine mammal, along with any marine mammal part or product, within the United States. Source:
  • Improved Standards for Laboratory Animals Act

    The purpose of this act was to clarify the AWA so it would ensure the proper treatment of laboratory animals. Source:
  • Oregon Univerity labs Destroyed by ALF

    Animal Liberation Front (ALF) blows up Oregon University labs, causing nearly $120,000 in damage. Source:
  • The Farm Animal and Research Facilities Protection Act

    A person commits an offense if, without consent of the owner, the person controls an animal facility or the property located there, or if that person damages the facility or its property. A person also commits an offense if s/he enters a facility without the consent of the owner and remains hidden w/ the intent to disrupt/damage the enterprise conducted at the animal facility. Violation for disruption or damage to a facility or its property is a fine of up to $10,000 and/or 3 years imprisonment.
  • March for the Animals in Wahington D.C.

    24,000 people march in D.C. for animal rights.
  • The Animal Enterprise Protection Act

    Designed to discourage the unlawful disruption of commerce involving animals. Source:
  • Animal Fighting Enforcement Act introduced

    Made dogfighting and cockfighting illegal. Source:
  • Captive Wildlife Safety Act introduced

    Makes it illegal to move certain types of live big cats across State lines or U.S. borders unless you qualify as exempt. Big cats covered by the Act include lions, tigers, leopards, snow leopards, clouded leopards, jaguars, cheetahs, and cougars; all subspecies of these species; and hybrid combinations of these species. Source: