Industrial Revolution Inventors/Inventions/Contributions

  • Jethro Tull

    Jethro Tull
    Jethro Tull invented the seed drill. A seed drill is a device used in agriculture that sows seeds for crops by positioning them in the soil and burying them to a specific depth.
  • Abraham Darby

    Abraham Darby
    Abraham Darby created the process of sand casting. The process is when a molten metal is poured into a mold made of sand. It is used to make metal components of all sizes.
  • Thomas Newcomen

    Thomas Newcomen
    Thomas Newcomen invented the atmospheric engine. The first atmospheric engine was invented to pump water by devising a method to generate power from atmospheric pressure.
  • John Kay

    John Kay
    John Kay invented the flying shuttle. The flying shuttle was a machine that represented an important step toward automatic weaving.
  • Richard Arkwright

    Richard Arkwright
    Richard Arkwright created the water frame. The water frame is a spinning machine powered by water that produced a cotton yarn suitable for warp.
  • James Watt

    James Watt
    James Watt invented the watt steam engine. The watt steam engine was an early steam engine and was one of the driving forces of the Industrial Revolution. It used boiling water to create mechanical motion to be utilized in useful work.
  • Samuel Crompton

    Samuel Crompton
    Samuel Crompton is the inventor of the spinning mule. It is a machine used to spin cotton and other fibres. It spins textile fibres into yarn by an intermittent process.
  • Eli Whitney

    Eli Whitney
    Eli Whitney created the cotton gin. The cotton gin was a machine that revolutionized the production of cotton by greatly speeding up the process of removing seeds from cotton fiber.
  • Alessandro Volta

    Alessandro Volta
    Alessandro Volta invented the electric battery. The electric battery was a source of electric power consisting of one or more electrochemical cells with external connection for powering electrical devices.
  • Robert Fulton

    Robert Fulton
    Robert Fulton created the steamboat. A steamboat is a boat that is propelled by a steam engine, especially a paddle-wheel craft of a type used widely on rivers in the 19th century.
  • Elias Howe

    Elias Howe
    Elias Howe invented the lockstitch sowing machine. It is a mechanical stitch that "locks" the two threads, upper and lower, in the fabric together. It does not unravel easily, which makes it difficult to remove.
  • John Wesley

    John Wesley
    John Wesley created celluloid. Celluloid is a transparent flammable plastic made in sheets from camphor and nitrocellulose. It was formally used for cinematographic film.