Industrial Revolution

  • James Watt

    James Watt
    Scottish inventor who improved the steam engine. He worked on other engines as well. And he made a steam indicator for engines.
  • Spinning Jenny

    Spinning Jenny
    It is a multi spindle cotton weaving machine. It was invented by James Hargreaves. This increased the rate of textile production.
  • Thomas Malthus

    Thomas Malthus
    He was an English economist. He argued the geowing population rate would strain food supply. He advocated for sexual abstinence to control population.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. This allowed seeds to be quickly separated from the cotton. Cotton became profitable for the United States in export.
  • Interchangeable Parts

    Interchangeable Parts
    Eli Whitney created firearms which used the same parts in multiple products. This allows to fix a problems rather than but a whole new thing. Thus, mass production could be achieved for multiple products, but the same parts.
  • Charles Darwin

    Charles Darwin
    He was an English biologist. He was best known for evolution. He believed that all species were derived from common ancestors.
  • Karl Marx

    Karl Marx
    He was a German philosopher. He studied at Bonn and Berlin. He was a critic of many ideas during the industrial revolution.
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison
    He was an American inventor. He was a leading inventor in electricql appliances. He is well known for the incandescent light bulb.
  • Communism

    A political beleive derived by Karl Marx. In Communism, property is publicly owned. In addition, people are paid according to their work and needs.
  • Socialism

    A political belief that people as a whole should control services and goods, rather than private organizations. It is similar to Communism. The main difference being Communism is controlled by the state not the people.
  • Germ Theory

    Germ Theory
    The now widespread belief that pathogens or germs are what cause disease. Louis Pasteur proved the reason for food spoiling was the germs which are not able to be seen by people. This paved way for modern medicine.
  • Social Darwinism

    Social Darwinism
    Humans are subject to natural selection like animals. This was used to justify acts such as racism. It is taking the idea of natural selection in the animal kingdom and using it to classify people.
  • Social Gospel

    Social Gospel
    This was a social influence within protestantism. It used Christian ethics in social issues. This attacked issues such as alcoholism and poverty.
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    Henry Ford was able to revolutionize the world by creating an assembly line for automobiles. He was able to make a car that took 12 hours, in 33 minutes. The assembly line allowed the Venetian Arsenal to create a ship per day.
  • Social Democracy

    Social Democracy
    Creating a socialist government by democratic means. It is the most common form of modern socialism. This supports people who's jobs do not pay well.