Beringia map

Immigration and Migration after 1620

  • Period: Jan 1, 800 to Dec 31, 1100

    Flourishing of Anasazi Culture

    This prehistoric American Indian culture filled the Southwest near what is now Arizona New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah. Pueblo tribes are rooted fro the Anasani culture.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1000 to Dec 31, 1400

    Vikings in North America

    Viking Voyaged ito points in North America as they attempted to expand trade. Several expditions established villages, although the settlements were quickly abandoneded and left little evidence.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1200 to Dec 31, 1519

    Aztecs in Valley of Mexico

    The Aztecs arrived in the Valley of Mexico and created a major empire, dominating other tribes until the arrival of Spanish conquistadores in 1519.
  • Period: Jan 1, 1400 to

    Little Ice Age

    This dramatic global climate change lead to frequent crop failures and forced human migration and increased hunting/gather activiites.
  • Feb 15, 1492

    European discovery of the New World

    European discovery of the New World
    Christopher Columbus accidently discovered the New World.
  • Jan 1, 1493

    Inter caetera

    Inter caetera
  • Feb 15, 1493

    Barcelona Letter

    Barcelona Letter
    Columbus' letter describing his discovery. It was then translated into several languages.
  • Jan 1, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    This treaty moved the Spanish/Portuguese border that was established by the Iner Caetera 1000 miles west. This would explain the Portuguese controlled Brazil after it's discovery.
  • Jan 1, 1512

    Encomienda System

    Encomienda System
    The system was established to to control and monitor the labe and behavior of the American Indians during the colonization of the New World. PThis allowed conquistadores and other leaders the right to expect labor and tribute from the natives. The idea was to Christian-ize and protect but was used to enslave.
  • Jan 1, 1513

    Balboa on the Pacific

    Balboa on the Pacific
    Vasco Nunez de Balboa from Spain crossed the Isthmus of Panama and was the first European to cross the American landmass to get to the Pacific Ocean.
  • Jan 1, 1519

    Magellan Makes it back

    Magellan Makes it back
    Ferdinand Magellan's fleet circumnavigated the world, being the first to complete this world record. Magellan, however, only made it as far as the Phillipines before he was killed.
  • Jan 1, 1521

    Cortes invades Mexico

    Cortes invades Mexico
    Landing on the Mayan coast of Yucatan, Hernan Cortez traveled along what is now Mexico. His path was marked with the clashes and conquering of the Native cities.
  • Jan 1, 1542

    Leyes Nuevas

    Leyes Nuevas
    This document was intended to ensure humane and kind treatment toward the Native Americans and prevent enslavement. However, the "New Laws of the Indies for the Good Treatment and Preservation of the Indians" was largely ignored.
  • Jan 1, 1552

    Destruction of the Indies

    Destruction of the Indies
    This published account by Bartolome de Las Casas brought to attention the mistreatment of American Indias in colonial Spanish America.
  • Jan 1, 1562

    Slave-trading starts

    Slave-trading starts
    Sir John Hawkins began the voyages of bringing slaves from West Africa to Hispaniola.
  • Jan 1, 1565

    Founding of St, Augustine

    Founding of St, Augustine
    Pedro Menendez de Aviles founded St. Augustine, what is now part of present-day Florida.
  • Jan 1, 1570

    Iroquois Confederacy

    Iroquois Confederacy
    The Iroquios League, or Iroquois Confederacy, was founded to be a cooperative and peacekeeping organizaiont between the Five Nations of Mohawks, Oneidas, Onandagas, Cayugas, and the Senecas. Later in the 1700s, the Tuscaroras also joined.
  • Jan 1, 1579

    West Coast

    West Coast
    Sir Fancis Drake landed on the what-would-be Califonia coast.
  • Roanoke Island

    Roanoke Island
    The first British Colony to be established. Due to threat of Spanish raid, most men returned to Britian, leaving behind a few men to protect the settlement. There were no survivors.
  • Abandonment of Roanoke Island

    Abandonment of Roanoke Island
    John White, returning to the settlement with more men, found that due to either desertion, attacks, or some other ill-befallen fate, found the settlement abandoned. It remains a mystery today.
  • Jamestown

    Jamestown
    John Smith established Jamestown.
  • Santa Fe

    Santa Fe
    Santa Fe, in what is in today's New Mexico, was founded by the Spanish.
  • The Exploration of the Hudson River

    The Exploration of the Hudson River
    Henry Hudson, from teh Dutch East India Company, explored the river later-named Hudson River. Trade was established with the American Indians.
  • Epidemic

    Epidemic
    From a lack of immunitity to new diseases from New England, Native American populations were nearly eradicated. Some tribes were reduced by as much as 90% in a 5 year span.
  • Africans sold in Virginia

    Africans sold in Virginia
    For the first time, Africans brought in by the Dutch traders to Jamestown, Virginia were sold into slavery.
  • Mayflower Compact

    Mayflower Compact
    Pilgrims in search for religious freedom came aboard the Mayflower to the New World. The Mayflower Compact was then signed to for governing.