HOW THE WEST WAS WON

  • SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST

    SETTLEMENT OF THE WEST
    It was impressive in its scope and speed. This settlement had profund impacts in Native American culture.
    Expansion and settlement helped to form the American character.
    It happened in the Gilded Age, so around 1800's.
  • GROWTH OF RAILROADS

    GROWTH OF RAILROADS
    It was a really important advance for US nation. It helped to have better communications and increades jobs.
    However, it impacted in Native American's lands because to build these railroads their land was taking away.
  • MANIFEST DESTINY

    MANIFEST DESTINY
    Its author was John O'Sullivan.
    God had allotted the land to Anglos and it was their duty and destiny to settle the land and tame it.
    This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico.
    It was the philosophy that created a nation.
  • EUGENE V. DEBS

    EUGENE V. DEBS
    Eugene V. Debs was a labor leader reformer and socialist. He was the Socialist Party's candidate for U.S. president five times between 1900 and 1920.He was one of the founding members of the Industrial Workers of the World.
  • BESSEMER PROCESS

    BESSEMER PROCESS
    It is an industrial process for the manufacture of steel from molten pig iron. It was invented by Henry Bessemer
  • FEDERAL INDIAN POLICY

    FEDERAL INDIAN POLICY
    It refers to the relationship that had the United States Government and the Native Americans tribes that exists within its borders.
    This policy has many eras in which the treatment between the both sides changed along the years.
    The date is not exactly.
  • HOMESTEAD ACT

    HOMESTEAD ACT
    People interested in settle a land, they can do it for only 10$.
    If the person improved the land in some way like farming or cultivating, they got the title in five years.
    Abraham LIncoln signed the Homestead Act in this day.
  • LABOR UNIONS

    LABOR UNIONS
    They are the representatives of the workers. They fight for their rights and work conditions
  • NATIVISM

    NATIVISM
    anti-foreign sentiment. In the Gilded Age, many Americans limited the arrival of immigrants. Nativist believed that people from other culture, religion, thoughts and country were inferior to them. Also, they believed that immigrants who were working in the US were taking away all the jobs from Americans.
    As we are studying the Gilded Age, I just uploaded the date when this time era started
  • AMERICANIZATION

    AMERICANIZATION
    It is the assimilation into American culture. In the Gilded Age, this was got with harm and affirming that only American culture was the only valid.
  • ASSIMILATION

    ASSIMILATION
    to learn adopt the ways of another culture. Native Americans were forced to abandoned their culture and substitute it with the American one
  • VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION

    VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL INTEGRATION
    Vertically integrated companies are united by a same owner, while the horizontal integration is to get business activties that are at the same level of the value chain in similar or different industries.
    Andrew Carnegie was the first one who started the vertical integration.
    The date is not exactly.
  • BARBED WIRE

    BARBED WIRE
    It is a wire or strand of wires having small pieces of sharply pointed wire twisted around it at short intervals, used chiefly for fencing in livestock or keeping out unknown people.
  • BOSS TWEED IN THE GILDED AGE

    BOSS TWEED IN THE GILDED AGE
    He was a symbol of corruption typical in many bussinessmen and politicians of the Gilded Age. He spent millions of dollars in projects that were under his control.
  • IMMIGRATION

    IMMIGRATION
    During the Gilded Age, there were aproximately 10 million immigrants who came to the United States. They came many poor people who were chasing the American Dream.
    Also, there was an increase in Chinese inmigrants who were hired in California because the construction of new railroads.
  • EUGENICS

    EUGENICS
    It is the science that wants to improve the human race by controlling who become the parents. In the Gilded Age was a fundamental belief.
  • HAYMARKET RIOT

    HAYMARKET RIOT
    It was a labor protest in Chicago that became a riot when someone threw a bomb to the police. It occurred in Chicago’s Haymarket Square. At least 8 people died. The people that were in the manifestation were fighting for an eight-hour work day.
  • SOCIAL DARWINISM

    SOCIAL DARWINISM
    The term is inspired by the biological theory of Darwinism. It consists in the natural selection of the people who have better living characteristics. It tries to explain the success of certain social groups.
  • THE DAWES ACT

    THE DAWES ACT
    It broke Native American culture and Tribal system, granting 160 acres to individuals.
    For Native Americans, this represents the lost of their culture, or at least, part of it.
  • POLITICAL CORRUPTION

    POLITICAL CORRUPTION
    The definition of political corruption is the abuse of power by the Government and another officials. The Gilded Age is known by the amount of corruption and scandal.
  • POLITICAL MACHINES

    POLITICAL MACHINES
    They are groups of people that control the activities of political parties in the Gilded Age.
  • URBANIZATION

    URBANIZATION
    It is referred to the growth and the rapid expansion of American cities. The rise of industry and the migration from the rural to urbanized areas helped a lot to this fact.
  • INDUSTRALIZATION IN THE GILDED AGE

    INDUSTRALIZATION IN THE GILDED AGE
    The fact of the Industrialization had really positive things like the richness that America got.
    However, it made that the cities began to be crowded and promote the child labor (lots of children died because the hard conditions). Also, there were no laws which protected the worker, so factory owners could explote them.
  • TRUST AND ANTI-TRUSTS

    TRUST AND ANTI-TRUSTS
    Trusts were combinations of firms formed by a legal agreement.
    Antitrusts laws are combinations of laws which promote the monopolies, price-fixing, competition.
    In the Gilded Age, the Congress passed the Sherman Anti-Trust Act to break up monopolistic business combinations. This happened in
  • BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE

    BATTLE OF WOUNDED KNEE
    It was a fight between Native Americans tribes and American troops.
    The fight began because Native Americans began to do the Ghost Dance, a drill that would take all Americans away from their lands.
    American troop attacked them. Dozens of Native Americans died
  • INVENTION OF AUTOMOBILE

    INVENTION OF AUTOMOBILE
    it was one of the biggest advances of these years. It increased mobility and allowed to move faster to places, such as work. Henry Ford firstly introduced it. He constructed the first horseless automobile in 1896, but it was in 1903 when the model was totally advanced. Ford invented a system of manufacturing that was impressive because of its quickness.
  • UPTON SINCLAIR AND THE FACTORY SYSTEM

    UPTON SINCLAIR AND THE FACTORY SYSTEM
    Upton Sinclair was a writer who became popular in the 20th century. His most famous book is The Jungle, in which he exposed the conditions of the meat packing factory. This had a strong answer in the readers. There is a passage that was part of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.
    The date uploaded is the day that the book was published
  • PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT

    PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT
    It was a federal law that provided inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines.
  • TEDDY ROOSEVELT

    TEDDY ROOSEVELT
    Theodore Roosevelt was the 26th US President. He was also the youngest one. He governed from 1901 to 1909. He is considered the first modern president. He did an aggressive foreign policy. He was a member of the Progressive Political Party.
    The date uploaded is the day that the 26th President of the US finished his Presidency.
  • ASSEMBLY LINE

    ASSEMBLY LINE
    It is a type of manufacturing product which consists in adding the parts of the product in a sequence. Thanks to this way the product is created faster than doing it with other methods. It was actually invented by Ramson E. Olds, not Henry Ford, as many people believe.
    The date I put is when Henry Ford started to use the assembly line.
  • ANDREW CARNEGIE

    He was part of a poor Scottish family who emigrated to the US.
    When he grew up he became one of the most powerful business man and a leading force in US industry.
    He also thought that rich men had a compromise with society and with people who did not have same luck as them. He donate part of his fortune to causes like education and peace.
  • AMERICAN DREAM

    AMERICAN DREAM
    This term is defined as the idea of the pursuit of happiness, equality, life stability, freedom and right to have same opportunities.
    It was first known as a concept in 1931.
    There are some words related to this like "dolce vita" or good life
  • JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER

    JOHN D. ROCKEFELLER
    He was America's first billionaire.
    Rockefeller introduced techniques totallly new for the oil industry. He also demanded discounted rates from the railroads.
    Rockefeller earned more money as the century was advancing because of the new advances,like the automobile. He multiplied his fortune.
    However, before his death, he gave amounts of money to churches, medical services, universities...
    He died 1937.