History WW2

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    Timeline Events to World War IIKavun Nuggihalli, Nicole Carman, Tobi Bussiek

  • Treaty of Versilles

    Treaty of Versilles
    Signed as a result of Germany's defeat in WW1. Had major political, economic, military and social concequences. It also instigated the rise of militarism, nationalism and imperialism through out Europe.
  • Weimar Republic

    it had been stabbed in the back by insidious and cowardly politicians, who were now, of course, running the country. The republic also had to bare the weight of the allied reparation payments. The whole root of the republic failure was that there were not enough people in Germany who were in favor of a democracy.
  • Washington Naval Conference

    Washington Naval Conference- The Washington conference was held because the British could not afford a naval race with the United States. The conference agreed to the famous 5:5:3 ratios for capital- ship tonnage. Also, there was an agreement that the United States would not fortify its holdings in the pacific west of Hawaii, nor the British east of Singapore, a concession to Japanese pride and the British and American taxpayer that would be paid for in 1942
  • Hitler Youth

    Hitler Youth - The Hitler Youth (German: , abbreviated HJ) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party. It existed from 1922 to 1945. The HJ was the second oldest paramilitary Nazi group, founded one-year after its adult counterpart, the Sturmabteilung (the SA).
  • 1923, Beer Hall Putsch

    Beer Hall Putsch was when Hitler and the Nazis first tried to seize the government in Bavaria; however, the police stopped the raid and Hitler and Ludendorff were arrested
  • 1924, NSDAP

    from 1924 to 1929 was the best Germany had between wars. The NSDAP did horrible during this time. As a national party, they could only muster twelve out of the 491 seats in the Reichstag in 1928.
  • Locarno Pact

    effectively updated the Versailles system. Treaties disputed borders between Franco-German and the Belgo-German borders. Germany signed an arbitration treaty with Poland, Czechoslovakia, France, and Belgium. The treaties removed any likelihood of German aggression in the future.
  • Kellogg-Briand Pact

    The U.S senate of state and the French foreign Minister signed the pact. All the states that eventually adhered to it renounced the use of aggressive warfare as an instrument of policy. This pact was pointless because of an opting-out clause and there was no provision for any enforcing of the pact.
  • Aryan race

    Aryan race - a primary race who are each similar or exactly the same to each other, known as the dominant race. Hitler preferred people with blue eyes and blond hair that weren't Jews.
  • 1928, Storm Troopers (SA)

    The original parliamentary wing of the Nazi parties. It played a key role in Adolf Hitler’s rise to power. Its job was to their main assignments were providing protection for Nazi rallies and assemblies; the disruption of opposing political parties and the fight against their paramilitary units (ex. Jewish citizens)
  • Maginot Line

    The Maginot Line is a series of steel and concrete emplacements. The line ran from almost the Swiss border north along the west bank of the Rhine as far as mounted at the southeastern extremity of Belgium. The line shows how the French will fight defensively for the future war against Germany. Two problems with the line were France was accused of building half a fortress and left the other half of their country completely vulnerable. The cost of the line was enormous and the d
  • Mukden Incident

    Mukden Incident -Also known as the Manchurian Incident Refers to the bombing of train tracks on 18 September 1931 by officers of the Kwantung Army Blaming the Chinese and citing self-defense, the Japanese Army advanced, ultimately occupying Manchuria and establishing the puppet state of Manchukuo.
  • 1933, Nazism

    Developed by Adolf Hitler was a fascist form of government that had a hatred for Jews and other countries. They eventually took over most of Europe.
  • 1933, Adolf Hitler

    born an Austrian in 1889, Hitler had had a totally undistinguished career to this point. While living in Vienna, he worked part time jobs and was very unsuccessful. During this period he developed a hatred for Jews.
  • Reich

    Reich (Third)- The former German state, most often used to refer to the Third Reich, the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945 The First Reich was considered to be the Holy Roman Empire, 962–1806, and the Second Reich the German Empire, 1871–1918, but neither of these terms are part of normal historical terminology
  • 1933, Gestapo

    The German secret police under Nazi rule. It ruthlessly suppressed opposition to the Nazis in Germany and occupied Europe and sent Jews to concentration camps.
  • 1934, “Night of Long Knives”

    Prominent army men and potential rivals to Hitler were rounded up and summarily shot.
  • Nuremberg Laws

    Nuremberg Laws -The Nuremberg Laws or Nürnberg Laws (Nürnberger Gesetze) of 1935 were anti-Semitic laws in Nazi Germany introduced at the annual Nuremberg Rally of the Nazi Party. After the takeover of power in 1933 by Hitler, Nazism became an official ideology incorporating scientific racism and anti-Semitism.
  • Remilitarization-

    Remilitarization- The act of remilitarizing Germany and Italy are both really good examples of this.
  • Rhineland

    Rhineland (occupation of)- The region of western Germany through which the Rhine River flows, esp. the part that is west of the river, France had shared this land to make sure Germany was doing everything they were supposed to. Hitler and his Nazis marched into the Rhineland on March 1936.
  • Neville Chamberlain

    Neville Chamberlain- A British politician who attempted to prevent Nazi Germany from taking over other European countries by giving Nazi Germany control of other European countries. All comparisons of anti-war Democrats to Neville Chamberlain are totally accurate and in no way retarded.“Peace in our time”- Chamberlain had been told by by his military chiefs that the had to buy time; Britain simply could not fight. He came home convinced that he had won a great diplomatic victory; he assure
  • 1937, Appeasement

    diplomatic policy aimed at avoiding war by making concessions to an aggressor. The term is most often applied to the foreign policy of the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain towards Nazi Germany between 1937 and 1939. His policies of avoiding war with Germany have been the subject of intense debate for seventy years among academics, politicians and diplomats
  • 1937, Neutrality Acts

    A series of laws passed by Congress in 1935, 1937, and 1939 (see Timeline), designed to preserve U.S. neutrality in foreign wars by avoiding the issues that had drawn the nation into World War I.
  • Crystal Night (Kristallnacht)

    Crystal Night (Kristallnacht) - Kristallnacht (literally "Crystal Night") or The Night of Broken Glass was an anti-Jewish pogrom in Nazi Germany (including Austria and Sudetenland) from the 9th until the 10th of November 1938. It is also known as Novemberpogrome, Reichskristallnacht, Reichspogromnacht or Pogromnacht in German.
  • Anschluss

    Anschluss- The annexation of Austria by Germany in 1938 Hitler had forced the resignation of the Austrian chancellor by demanding that he admit Nazis into his Cabinet. The new chancellor, a pro-Nazi, invited German troops to enter the country on the pretext of restoring law and order
  • Sudetenland-

    Sudetenland- An area in the northwestern part of the Czech Republic, on the border with Germany Allocated to Czechoslovakia after World War I, it became an object of Nazi expansionist policies and was ceded to Germany as a result of the Munich Agreement of September 1938. In 1945, the area was returned to Czechoslovakia. Czech name Surety
  • Czechoslovakia-

    Czechoslovakia- A former country in central Europe, now divided between the Czech Republic and Slovakia; capital, Prague. Created out of the northern part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of World War I, it was crushed by the Nazi takeover of the Sudetenland in 1938 and the rest of the country in 1939. After World War II, it fell under Soviet domination. The two parts separated on January 1, 1993
  • 1938, Munich Agreement

    Agreement between Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier and Mussolini that turned over part of the Czech Republic to Germany (1938). Chamberlain thought he prevented war in Europe with this Agreement, but still was dragged into war a year later. ...
  • 1939, Britain and France declared war on Germany

    The German invasion began on 1 September 1939, oneweek after the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact September 3, 1939- Britain and France declared war on Germany.
  • 1939, Philippe Petain

    Philippe Petain’s status in post-war France was a wealthy, experienced, high-class military man in France, and a hero. Philippe Petain’s status before and during World War I was a dour, phlegmatic man, cold and aloof, he produced his own response to the idea of the unlimited attack. He was basically known as an outcast in the army.
  • 1939, Russo-German Non-Aggression Pact

    The Treaty of Non-Aggression between Germany and the Soviet Union,[1] also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact and the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact (after its chief architects, Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov and German foreign minister Joachim von Ribbentrop) was a non-aggression pact, signed in Moscow in the late hours of 23 August 1939, at the height of the Nomonhan fighting in the far east between the Soviet Union and the Empire of Japan. The agreemen
  • 1939, Blitzkrieg-Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war")

    An Anglicized word describing all-mechanized force concentration of tanks, infantry, artillery and air power, concentrating overwhelming force and rapid speed to break through enemy lines, and once the latter is broken, proceeding without regard to its...
  • 1939, Winter War

    The war between Finland and the Soviet Union from November 1939 to March 1940 that was an attempt by the Soviet Union to gain a buffer zone north of St. Petersburg.
  • 1940, Dunkirk

    A port in northern France; pop. 71,070. It was the scene of the evacuation of 335,000 Allied troops in 1940 by warships, requisitioned civilian ships, and a host of small boats while under constant German attack from the air. French name Dunkerque
  • Fascism

    Fascism- An authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization