History Timeline

  • Jan 1, 1522

    Spanish Explorer

    Spanish Explorer
    "Spanish explorer Gil Gonzalez de Avila names Nicaragua after a local Indian chief, Nicarao."
  • May 16, 1523

    Francisco Hernandez

    Francisco Hernandez
    "Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba completes conquest of Nicaragua."
  • British Plunder

    British Plunder
    "British plunder and extend their influence over the inhabitants of Nicaragua's Caribbean coast."
  • Nicaragua Independence

    Nicaragua Independence
    "Nicaragua becomes independent, but is incorporated into the Mexican empire."
  • Nicaragua becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America

    "Nicaragua becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which also comprises Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras."
  • President Elections

    "General Somoza elected president, heralding the start of a 44-year-long dictatorship by his family."
  • Sandino Assassinated

    "Sandino assassinated on the orders of the National Guard commander, General Anastasio Somoza Garcia."
  • Luis Somoza dead

    Luis Somoza dead
    "Luis Somoza dies and is succeeded as president by his brother, Anastasio Somoza."
  • Devastation

    "Hurricane Mitch causes massive devastation. Some 3,000 people are killed and hundreds of thousands are left homeless."
  • Earthquake

    "Earthquake renders 16,000 people homeless."
  • Violeta Chamorro President

    "US-backed centre-right National Opposition Union defeats FSLN in elections; Violeta Chamorro becomes president."
  • Presiden Ortega's Government

    "President Ortega's government was financed by proceeds of the drugs trade, according to Wikileaks' US diplomatic cables."
  • Tension With Costa Rica

    "Tension with Costa Rica over their disputed river border."
  • Lift Ban

    "Constitutional Court lifts ban on president seeking re-election."
  • Guerrillas led by Augusto Cesar Sandino

    "Guerrillas led by Augusto Cesar Sandino campaign against US military presence."