History of Special Education

Timeline created by JuJuB20
In History
  • School for the Deaf

    School for the Deaf
    The American School for the deaf, formerly known as the American Asylum was founded on April 15, 1817 in Hartford Connecticut and started off with only 7 students, The school was the first American school dedicated exclusively to the deaf. The Connecticut Assembly granted a charter for the school in 1816 through the persistent efforts of Dr. Mason fitch Cogswell who himself had a deaf daughter and Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet.
  • Beattie vs. Board of Education

    Beattie vs. Board of Education
    In this case a student had a disability that caused them to drool and facial contortions while also having speech problems. The child was expelled from school because the child's condition made the teacher nauseous. The case went to the Wisconsin Supreme Court and the court ruled in favor of the school officials stating they could indeed exclude students with disabilities. The case didn't stop there> the case of Mills vs. Board of Education was one of the cases that helped change this ruling.
  • Brown vs. Board of Education

    Brown vs. Board of Education
    Brown vs. Board of Education paved the way for future legislation that protects the rights of students with disabilities to attend and benefit from public education. In 1954 the supreme court ruled that school segregation by race was not constitutional, even when resources were allotted equally. This was the first time the federal government had advocated for students who experienced inequality and prejudice at school.
  • Head Start Is Founded

    Head Start Is Founded
    Head Start is a early childhood development program primarily serving low-income preschool age children and their families meanwhile Early Head Start serves the purpose but focuses on low-income children and families prenatal to 3 years old. Project Head Start started in 1965, was designed to help break the cycle of poverty by providing preschool children comprehensive program to meet their social, emotional, health, nutritional and psychological needs,
  • ESEA

    The Elementary and Secondary Education Act passed in 1965 initiated the role of the federal government in protecting and providing for students from disadvantaged backgrounds so that they would have equal access to the public education system. The act was signed into a law by Lyndon B. Johnson as part of the War on Poverty. One of the ESEA provisions established the free and reduced lunch program because so that children can benefit from instructional programs that are provided.
  • Least restrictive Environment

    Least restrictive Environment
    Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) means that with a students IEP (Individualized Education Plan) they must also be mainstreamed into a regular classroom setting with students who are without disabilities and that meets their educational needs. Depending on the severity of the child's disability, a paraprofessional or an aid will be with the student throughout the day helping them meet their needs, The decision must be made on a student by student basis to make sure all needs are met.
  • ADA

    The Americans with Disabilities Act is to make sure that all Americans who have disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else. The ADA was signed into a law by President George H.W. Bush in 1990. This law protect individuals based on their race, sex, color, religion, national origin and age.
  • IDEA

    -[https://www.parentcenterhub.org/idea/] P.L. 94-142
    Individuals with Disabilities Act formerly known as the Education expanded in 1990 from the All Handicapped children Act was enacted in 1975. In 2004 the name changed again to the IDEIA Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act. This act was created to ensure all children with disabilities receive an appropriate education through special education and related services.
  • No Child Left Behind

    No Child Left Behind
    The No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) was signed by congress in 2001 and was signed into a law in 2002 by President George W. Bush/ The goal of this act was to improve student K-12 success through yearly standardized assessment of the students, The law held schools accountable for how kids learn and achieve. The law was controversial because schools including teachers were penalized when the children didn't show improvements.
  • Every Student Succeeds Act

    Every Student Succeeds Act
    The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) was signed by President Obama in December 2015 as a commitment to equal opportunity for all students. ESSA replaced the No Child Left Behind Act and includes many of the components of NCLB but provides opportunities for schools when students are not making adequate progress. ESSA shifts students accountability from the federal government to state and local control where their progress is monitored and sanctions are determined.