History of Special Education and Inclusive Education Timeline

  • First Special Education School

    First Special Education School
    The American Asylum for the Education and Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb (now known as the American School for the Deaf) was the first special education school in the United States established in Hartford, Connecticut. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet was one of the co-founders of the school and the first principal. In the language of 1817, the word asylum meant a safe place along with the word dumb meant those who did not speak with understandable speech.
  • Brown V. Board of Education

    Brown V. Board of Education
    In Brown v. Board of Education, the Warren Court overruled the Plessy v. Ferguson doctrine of “separate but equal,” finding that segregation in public schools is inherently unequal. This decision allowed for the racial integration of public schools.
    Link text
  • Elementary and Secondary Education Act

    Elementary and Secondary Education Act
    The ESEA was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson. The purpose of the act is to provide for their long-term welfare by improving their schools and the resources available to them. The funds are authorized for professional development, instructional materials, resources to support educational programs, and the promotion of parental involvement. Link text
  • Rehabilitation Act

    Rehabilitation Act
    Rehabilitation Act does not allow discrimination of those with disabilities in any federal conducted agencies for example, federal financial assistance, federal employment, and in the employment practices of federal contractors. Because of this act those with disabilities have greater access to different opportunities in the work place, community services, and colleges.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
    The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act allows students with disabilities too receive free public education that include rights and protections to kids from birth through high school graduation or age 21, which ever one comes first. There is a legal process in order to receive this help.
  • Education for All Handicapped Children Act

    Education for All Handicapped Children Act
    It was the first special education law for students with physical and mental disabilities. The purpose of the law was to ensure public schools provided special needs students with the same opportunities of education as other students.
  • Handicapped Children's Protection Act

    Handicapped Children's Protection Act
    President Regan signed the Handicapped Children’s Protection Act which provides funds to assist states and local agencies in education children with disabilities. In addition, it provides early intervention programs aimed at those who are newborns, infants and toddlers with disabilities.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    George H.W. Bush passed the American with Disabilities Act and it became a law because it ensures for those who have disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as anyone else in public life. There are 5 sections that go into detail including, Employment, public services: State and Local Government, Public Accommodation and Services Operated by Private entities, Telecommunications, and Miscellaneous Provisions.
  • No Child Left Behind Act

    No Child Left Behind Act
    President George W. Bush signed the No Child Left Behind Act into law as an upgrade to the 1965 Elementary and Secondary Act. The purpose was to create new standards for public schools by requiring students to be tested in reading and math in grades 3-8 and once in high school to ensure high proficiency. Link text
  • Exceptional Student Education

    Exceptional Student Education
    In Florida, students with disabilities are called exceptional students. Exceptional students receive services like technology devices, therapy, special transportation, etc. and there are no charges for these services. The purpose of Exceptional Student Education is to help students with disabilities to progress in school and prepare for life after school. Link text