History of Special Education and Inclusive Education Timeline

Timeline created by alondracarvajal
  • Elementary and Secondary Education ACT (ESEA)

    Elementary and Secondary Education ACT (ESEA)
    (PL 89-10) This law was passed by the 89th United States Congress and signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on April 11, 1965. Part of Johnson's "War on Poverty," the act has been the most far-reaching federal legislation affecting education ever passed by the United States Congress. Initiatives for low-income families, applies to children who need support to benefit from public school education.
  • Pennsylvania Association of Retarded Children V. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania

    Pennsylvania Association of Retarded Children V. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
    This court case challenged the constitution to included students with mental retardation to a public education. Before this case children with mental retardation were not allowed in public schools. This guaranteed special education for children with intellectual disabilities. [https://www.pubintlaw.org/cases-and-projects/pennsylvania-association-for-retarded-citizens-parc-v-commonwealth-of-pennsylvania/
  • Vocational Rehabilitation Act (VRA)

    Vocational Rehabilitation Act (VRA)
    (P.L. 93-112, Section 504) The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 was put in place to correct the problem of discrimination against people with disabilities in the United States. Individuals who qualify as having a disability have experienced discrimination because of negative attitudes in regard to their ability to do anything. This law prohibits discrimination in federally funded programs.
  • Educational Amendments Act

    Educational Amendments Act
    (P.L. 93-380) This law created state funding for students with disabilities and students who are gifted and talented, due process rights for families and students. By signing into law the Education Amendments of 1974, President Gerald Ford cleared the way for increased Federal spending for education of handicapped children. A $631 million emergency authorization is included for FY 1975.
  • Education for all Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)

    Education for all Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA)
    (P.L. 94-142, Part B) This law requires free and appropriate education for students with disabilities (ages 5-18) and defines least restrictive environment.(LRE) This law was a positive impact on children with disabilities in every state across the country because they opened public school for millions of children with disabilities and ensured that they would have opportunities to develop, learn, and contribute to their community just like any other child without disabilities.
  • Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments

    Education of the Handicapped Act Amendments
    (P.L. 99-457) This law extends free and appropriate education to their children with disablities (ages 3-5), establishes ealry intervetion for infants and toddlers with disablities. These financial grants act as incentives for states to provide for children from birth to age 2 that have disabilities.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

    Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
    This law prohibits discrimination based on disability. This made discrimination based on race, religion, sex, national origin, and other characteristics illegal. In addition, the ADA also requires covered employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities. This included AIDS as a disability also.
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
    This law requires students with disablitles to recieve Individualized Educational Plans. (IEP) This helps children with their education and what is reqiured by them. This also requires students with disabilities to receive services even if expelled. There is mediation services offered to parents. https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/oii/nonpublic/idea1.html
  • No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)

    No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB)
    No Child Left Behind Act was an act in Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This allows children with disadvantages to be educated and treated fairly. The Act required states to develop assessments in basic skills. To receive federal school funding, states had to give these assessments to all students at select grade levels. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-Qk00niNQwA
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)

    Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEIA)
    (PL 108-446) A United States law that mandates equity, accountability and excellence in education for children with disabilities. This law was signed by President George W. Bush on December 3, 2004. This increases funding to early intervention services for students who do not require special education. Eliminates IEP short-term objectives for some students.