"The equal protection of the laws' pertaining to the public school system in California is not provided by furnishing in separate schools the same technical facilities, text books and courses of instruction to children of Mexican ancestry that are available to the other public school children regardless of their ancestry. A paramount requisite in the American system of public education is social equality. It must be open to all children by unified school association regardless of lineage," (n.d.
Brown v. Board of Education
"Now acknowledged as one of the greatest Supreme Court decisions of the 20th century, unanimously held that the racial segregation of children in public schools violated the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, (PBS, 2006)
Ruby Bridges Hall
Ruby Bridges Hall became the first African American Student to desegrate into a white school. She was the only student in her class, as the white parents would not allow their children to attend class with an African American. Although she was only six years old, she was escorted to school everyday by marshalls due to the angry mobs which gathered outside of the school,(Bridges, n.d.)
1964 Civil Rights Act
For the first time since the Supreme Court ruled on segregation in public schools in 1954, the federal government had a means of enforcing desegregation; Title VI of the act barred the use of federal funds for segregated programs and schools,(Clayborne, 1991).
The Bilingual Education Act was the first federal bill signed into law addressing the needs of students who had trouble speaking english.This was the begining of more bills that would give minorities an equal education,(Stewner-Manzanares, 1998)
Martin Luther King Jr. Assassinated
" Martin Luther King, Jr. is assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee. He is in town to lead a march in support of striking sanitation workers. The night before his death, he delivers his famous "I've Been to the Mountaintop" speech",(NPS, 2013)
Title IX of the Education Amendments
This amendment prohits sexual discrimination in school programs, activities, education in any institution that receives federal funding (U.S.Department of Education,2012),
Keyes v. School District No. 1, Denver, Colorado
The Supreme Court ruled that Latinos could attend desegrated schools in the Park Hill area of Denver, (Cornell University Law School, n.d.).
Lau v. Nichols
According to PBS,(2004) this was a lawsuit that was filed by non english speaking students.who claimed they were not being treated equally when it came to their receiving an education.After lower courts failed to take action The United States Supreme Court basing their decision the 1964 Civil Rights Act took action and demanded help be given to these non english speaking students.
Convention on the Rights of the Child
This convention states the rights of children.over the course of 54 articales.It sets gives standards for the health wellbeing education legal social and cival lives of children. Retreived on May20,2013 from http://www.unicef.org/crc/ .Image retreived on May 20,2013 from http://www.yapi.org/curricula.htm.
The events that took place on Septemeber 11th 2011 had hudge impacts that had a major effect on politics religion and education.In regards to education the events that took place on what has become known as 911 threatned to derail efforts to increase multiculural education do to the enormous leval of patriotism that followed the attacks.The Terrposit attacks made it hard for multiculural educators to develop a curriclium of tolerence toward diverse groups (Young&Sharifzadeh, 2003).