Managers 1

History of Management Since 1890

  • Scientific Management

    Scientific Management
    Frederick Taylor defined the techniques of Scientific Management. First in depth look at management. Birchfield, R. (2004).
  • Andrew Carnegie and Steel Production

    Andrew Carnegie and Steel Production
    Andrew Carnegie used management and innovation to create a much cheaper way to produce steel. He was a hard person to work for. He thought that for a country to survive and grow there needed to be people like his to build corporations to employ the regular people of the society. He also thought a man should not die with money, that he should invest it back into the better good of the country. Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Assembly Line

    Assembly Line
    Henry Ford first invented the assembly line in 1910, but it really didnt become a powerhouse until 1914 when he raised his wages and he could keep workers on sight paying them and astounding 5 dollars a day. Eisenstein, P. A. (1988, Nov 03).
  • The Principles of Scientific Management

    The Principles of Scientific Management
    Book that exposed Frederick Taylor's theories on management. Blake, A. M., & Moseley, J. L. (2011).
  • Mary Parker Follett

    Mary Parker Follett
    Mary Parker Follett thought that Frederick Taylor was missing a vital part of management and that was the way managers interact with the employee. She thought "Authority should go with knowledge...whether it is up the line or down." Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Frank and Lillian Gilbreth

    Frank and Lillian Gilbreth
    Frank and Lillian Gilbreth were major advocates of the Scientific Managment theory, so much that they created their own school stricktly devoted to Scientific Managment in their own home. Karwatka, D. (2006).
  • Henri Fayol Principles of Management

    Henri Fayol Principles of Management
    Henri Fayol created a set of priciples to guide a person
    through managment. Here is a link to those 14 principles. Fayol's 14 Principles Rodrigues, C. A. (2001).
  • Max Weber and Bureaucracy

    Max Weber and Bureaucracy
    Max Weber wrote about Bureaucracy in his book Economy and Society. Bureaucracy is a formal system of organization and administration designed to ensure efficiency and effectiveness (Jones, G., & George, J. 2013). Sager, F., & Rosser, C. (2009).
  • Hawthorne Studies

    Which is a controversial study that was used from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company. They used several different strategies to see if it effected the employees work. (Muldoon, J. (2012).
    (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Unions created difficulties for managers

    Unions created difficulties for managers
    Unions had been around for a couple decades but they first took hold and started giving managers troubles in the early 30's right after the depression. Birchfield, R. (2004).
  • Human Relations Movement

    Human Relations Movement
    Human Relations Movement is a management approach that advocates the isea that supervisors should recieve behavioral training to manage subordinates in ways that elicit their cooperation and increase their productivity. Took place during and after the Hawthorne Studies. (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Marketing and Diversification Began

    Marketing and Diversification Began
    Marketing and Diversification became a necessity to establish yourself from competition. Birchfield, R. (2004).
  • Theory X and Theory Y

    Theory X and Theory Y
    Theory X is a set of negative assumptions about workers that leads to the conclusion that a manager's task is to supervise workers closely and control their behavior. Theory Y a set of positive assumptions about workers that leads to the conclusion that a manager's task is to create a work setting that encourages commitment to organizational goals and provides opportunities for workers to be imaginative and to exercise initiative and self-direction. (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Open Systems View

    Open Systems View
    Open system is a system that takes in resources from its external environment and converts them into foods and services that are then sent back to that environment for purchase by customers. (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Closed Syatem View

    Closed Syatem View
    Closed system is a system that is self-contained and thus not affected by changes occuring in its external environment. (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Contingency Theory

    Contingency Theory the idea that there is no one best way to organize a corporation, to lead a company, or make a decision. Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Equal Pay Act

    Equal Pay Act
    Requires that men and women be paid equally if they are performing equal work. (Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Civil Rights Act: Title VII

    Civil Rights Act: Title VII
    Title VII of the Civil Rights Act stated that a person may not be discriminated against because of race, gender, nationality, or religeon. Jones, G., & George, J. (2013).
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    The EEOC is a federal law enforcement agency, that enforces laws against workplace discrimination. They are the ones that oversee managers and their dealings with discrimination. Government scene
  • Hofstede's Model of National Culture

    Hofstede's Model of National Culture
    This model had a big effect of how managers learned about theor overseas workers that come from different cultures and different values. (Williamson, D. (2002).
  • Ocupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)

    Establishes safety and health standards within an organization. (Zimmerman, D. S. (2005).
  • Immigration Reform and Control Act

    Immigration Reform and Control Act
    This made it illegal to hire illegal aliens and prohibits employment on the basis of national origin of citizenship. (Bansak, C. (2005).
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Made it illegal to discriminate people with physical or mental disabilities or the chronically ill. (Scheid, T. L. (1998).
  • Civil Rights Act: Title VII

    Civil Rights Act: Title VII
    Amended to include the right to trial by jury and added the possibility of emotional distress damages. (Piar, D. F. (2001).
  • Family and Medical Leave Act

    Family and Medical Leave Act
    Allows employees of a company with 50 or more employees to take up to 12 weeks of unpaid leave for family and medical reasons each year. (Utz, J. L. (2007).