History books

History of Management

  • Period: to

    Andrrew Carnegie Creates the new Steel empire

    As an young men, Andrew decided to join the railroad industry where he worked for many of years until the stell empire catch hs eye.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Scientific Management Theory

    Scientific Management Theory
    The Scientific Managment theory was created.This was an systematic study of relationship between people and task for the purpose of redesigning the work process to increse efficiency. Taylor believe that if the amount of time and effort time and effort that each works expends to produce a unit of output ( a finished good and service).Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George. Contemporary Management. New York, NY: The McGraw-Hill/Irvin Companies,Inc. Copyright@2014.Print
  • Administrative Maganement Thory

    Administrative Maganement Thory
    This is an study of how to create an organizational struture and control system that lead to high efficency and effectiveness. Herny Fayol's wrote an book call "Industrial and Gerenal Administration". In this book, he identified his 14 prinicples of management: Division of labor,Authority and reponsibility,unity of command,Line of authority, Centralization,unity of direction,Equity,Order,Initiative,Discipline,Remuneration of perosnal,Stability of tenure of perosnal,Subordination of individual.
  • The Theory of Bureaucracy

    The Theory of Bureaucracy
    Max Weber develped the priciples o Bureaucracy which is an formal system of organizaton and administraion designed to ensure efficiency and effectivness. This system is absed on five principles:
    1- In a bureaucracy, a manager's formal authority derives from the postion he or she holds in the organization.
    2.People should occupy positions for performance and not personal contracts.
    3.Relationship should be specified..
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print.
  • F.W Principles

    F.W Principles
    He devloped four principles to increase efficiency in the work place:
    1.Study the way workers perform their tasks and gather all the informal job knowledge,find way to improve task performance.
    2.Codify the new methods of performing tasks into writtien rules and standing operating procedures.
    3. Carefully select workers who posses skills and abilities that match the needs of the task,train them to perform the task.
    4.Develope an pay system that award perfromacne above the acceptable level.
  • King of Steal

    King of Steal
    Throughtout the 1800s, Andrew Carnegie was the undipusted king of steal and got one of his biggest breaks when his company in Pittsburgh was selling the firm to J.P Morgan in 1901 for 480 milion dollars.In those early days, that amount of money was an large porton quantity. Andrew carnegie ignited america's steel industry drive: His cost controls and investments raised the bar. Investor's Business Daily.Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/131324676
  • Henry Model Ford

    Henry Model Ford
    Henry ford sits in an early model ford outside a showroom in Detroit,Michigan, shorty after the corporations was formed. This was very impactfully to the world because this project turn out ot be an vast production.Ford did not create the automobile, but he advanced and manufactured the first automobile that most of americans could afford. Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • The Book of F.W Taylor

    The Book of F.W Taylor
    Taylor elaborated his principles in several books including the "Shop Managment"
    1.Study the way workers perform their tasks and gather all the informal job knowledge,find way to improve task performance.
    2.Codify the new methods of performing tasks into writtien rules and standing operating procedures.
    3. Carefully select workers who posses skills and abilities that match the needs of the task,train them to perform the task.
    4.Develope an pay system that award perfromacne above the acceptable.
  • Franklin Motor Campany

    Franklin Motor Campany
    Managers used the scientific management principles redesigned the work process, and the output of cars increased from 100 cars a month to 45 days a day; workers wages,however,increase by only 90%.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Period: to

    Fordism in Practice and Introducting Conveyor

    the moving conveyor belt and thus changed maufacturin practices forever. This technical aspects of the trial and error is that the production created an mass produtcions. It gave American with financal problems could afford cars.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Taylor's System of Scientific

    Taylor's System of Scientific
    Taylor's system of managment had become nationally known and many instances was faithfuly and fully practiced.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • The Principles of Scientific Management

    The Principles of Scientific Management
    Another book F.W Taylor applied his principles in and thebook book explains in deep details how to apply the principles of scientific management to recoranize the work system His work reach the production of producing goods and services and carefully analyze the basic tasks.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Refined Taylor's analysis

    The Glbreths brother was two prominant brothers of taylor's analysis and refined his analysis of work movment and made many contibutions to time and motion study:
    1. Analyze every individual action
    2.) find better ways to perform a particular task and break it into each of its componet actions
    3) reoranize each of the component actions
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Henry Ford's car plant

    Henry Ford's car plant
    Henry Ford's car plant were experiencing huge emplotee tunrover-often reaching levels as high as 300% or 400% per year as workers. At this time, this motivate his workforce, he would reduce the length of the workday from nine hours to eight hours. The wages also double from 2.50 to 5.00. This shows that everyone waa happy about Henry Ford's project.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Behaviral magnagement Theory

    Behaviral magnagement Theory
    This is the study of how mangers should behave to motvate employees and encourage them to perform at high levels and be commited to achievement of organizatioal goals.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • The New State

    The New State
    In Fallot's book, Fallot envisioned democracy as emergent from individuals interactions within groups. The "New State" was to be built on the strength of neighborhood groups in which individuals work together to solve their problems. She pointed out that management often overlooks the multitude of ways in which employees can contibute to the organization when mangers allow them.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Period: to

    The Hawthrone Studies and Human Relations

    The Hawthrone effect is the finding that a manger's behavior or leadership approch can affet workers' level of performance and that was combine witht the human relations movemtn when is a management approach that advocates the ideas that supervisors should recieve behavioral training to manger subordinates in ways that elicit their coorperation and increase their productivity.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • "Modern Time" by Chaplin

    "Modern Time" by Chaplin
    Charlie Chaplin captured this aspect of mass producion in one of the opening scenes of his famous movie "Modern Times" .Chaplin tries to exticate a fellow employee from the machinary of mass production in the movie. The complex machinary is meant to represent the power that machinary has over workers. The film caicatured a new employee fight to work in and machine-imposed pace factory.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Hewlett-packed (HP) "HP Way"

    Hewlett-packed (HP) "HP Way"
    After Dave Packard and Bill Hewlett first set up shop in garbage, they established a new way people oriented appraoch to management, known as the "HP Way"
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Management science Theory

    Management science Theory
    An approah to managmetn that uses rigorous quantitative techniques to help managers make maximum use of organizational resources.
    Each branch of Management science deals with specific set of concerns:
    Quantitative,Operations,Total Quality(TQM), Managment informaiton system. These are important subfield of managment science.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Organizational Enviroment Theory

    Organizational Enviroment Theory
    The set of forces and conditons that operae beyond an organization's boundaries but affect a manger's ability to acquire and utilize resources. The importance of studying the organization's external environement became clear after the deveoplmeny of the open-systems theory and contingency theory
  • Gilbreths priciples made it in the film "Cheaper by the Dozen"

    Gilbreths priciples made it in the film "Cheaper by the Dozen"
    One of the scenes in "Cheaper by the Dozen" illustrates how efficient families such as the Gibreths, use the formal family courts to solve problems of assiging chores to different family members and solve the disputes when they arise.
    Bilbreths aims were to analyze every individual action neccary to perform a particular task and break it into each of its conpoent actions, find better ways to perform each components action, and finally recorganize each of conpoment that could be perform.
  • Theroy X and Y

    Theroy X and Y
    Douglas McGregor was the person who created the theories after World War II. According to the assumptions of Theory X, the average worker is lazy, dislikes work, and will try to do as litle as possible. Workers have little ambition. One the other hand, Theroy Y is the opposie which states workers are not inherently lazy, do not natually dislake work, and if given the opportunity, will do what is good. This theory was really imortant because it classifical the average worker as lazy or not lazy.
  • The Open-System View

    The Open-System View
    A system that takes in resources from its external enviroment and converts or tranforms them into goods and services that are sent back to the that enviroment.
    Input
    Conversion
    Output
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Equal Pay Act

    Equal Pay Act
    The Equal Pay Act requires that men and women would be paid equally if they are performing equal work. This give equal opportunity to women in the job force.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print
  • Contingency Theroy

    Contingency  Theroy
    This was anoher milestone in management theory was the devepled of Contingency Theroy. it was created by Tom Burns and G.M Stalker in Britain and Paul lawrence and Jay Lorsch in United Stated. This idea that the organizational structures and control systems mangers choose depend on characteristics of the external envionement in which the orgaization operates. The main focus is to find methods to help managers imporve how they use organizational resources and complete in the global environment.
  • SWOT Anaylsis

    SWOT Anaylsis
    Is a planning exercise in which the mangers identify
    Internal organizational Strengths (S) &Weakness(W)
    External environmental opportunities (O) &Threats (T)
    SWOT analysis has been extended beyond companies, countries and industries.Chan, X. (2011). A swot study of the development strategy of haier group as one of the most successful chinese enterprises. International Journal of Business and Social Science,
    2(11) Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/904512776?accountid=9358
  • TQM

    TQM
    Citibank decide to implent a TQM program to better satisfy its customers needs. There are 10 steps to that made TQM possible:Build organizaion commitment to quality,Focus on the customer,Find ways to measure quality,Set goals and create incentives,solicit imput from employees,identify defects and trace them to their source,Introduce inventory system,work closely with suppliers,Design for case of production,break down barriers between functions.
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@20
  • Cheaper by the Dozen, The New version

    Cheaper by the Dozen, The New version
    An new version of the movie "Cheaper of the Dozen" which depicts how the Gilbrethd ( with the 12 kids that was involve in the movie). They tried to live their own lives accroding to these efficiency prinplies and apply them to everyday actions such as cooking,shaving,even raising a family (kids).
    Gareth R. Jones and Jennifer M. George,Copyright@2014Print