History of FCS

  • Benjamin Thompson

    Benjamin Thompson
    First to label nutrition as a science in the late 1800’s. Sir Benjamin Thompson, Count Rumford, FRS was an American-born British physicist and inventor whose challenges to established physical theory were part of the 19th-century revolution in thermodynamics.
  • Jonathan Baldwin Turner

    Jonathan Baldwin Turner
    Jonathan Baldwin Turner stood before a convention of farmers in Granville, Illinois and delivered an address that would play a part in changing the direction of American education. A 46-year-old minister, professor, and horticulturalist who had lived for twenty years in Jacksonville, Illinois, Turner believed that every state needed to institute industrial universities – universities dedicated to instruction in agricultural and industrial arts.
  • Justin Smith Morrill - Morrill Act of 1862

    Justin Smith Morrill - Morrill Act of 1862
    Justin Smith Morrill was a representative and a senator. Widely known for passing the "Morrill Act of 1862" that established the federal funding for public colleges and universities.
  • Land Grant University

    Land Grant University
    As a product of the Morrill Act, Land Grant Universities came about. They were created to teach agriculture, science, military tactics, and the mechanic arts as well as classical studies so members of the working classes could obtain a liberal, practical education. The first Land Grant University was Kansas State University that opened in 1863.
  • AR Land Grant Universities

    AR Land Grant Universities
    In 1871 the University of Arkansas, in Fayetteville was the Arkansas Industrial University, it became the state land-grant institution and first state-assisted college in Arkansas. In 1873 they later created UAPB as the 2nd land grant university in the state of Arkansas.
  • W.O. Atwater

    W.O. Atwater
    Considered to be the “Father of Nutrition”
    American chemist known for his studies of human nutrition and metabolism, and is considered the father of modern nutrition research and education.
  • Martha Van Rensselaer

    Martha Van Rensselaer
    Van Rensselaer served as an educator and proponent of the application of knowledge to improved quality of life in the home. She called the field of study “domestic science” and focused on key aspects of homemaking.
  • Smith Lever Act of 1914

    Smith Lever Act of 1914
    This act established a system of cooperative extension services, connected to land-grant universities, intended to inform citizens about current developments in agriculture and home economics. The Act helped farmers learn new agricultural techniques by the introduction of home instruction.
  • Smith Hughes Act of 1917

    Smith Hughes Act of 1917
    Established FACS as part of Vocational (CTE) Education. Provided federal aid to the states for the purpose of promoting agricultural and industrial trades and in home economics.
  • Clara Belle Drisdale Williams

    Clara Belle Drisdale Williams
    Was the first African-American graduate of New Mexico College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (now New Mexico State University), became an educator, and raised sons who became doctors.
  • Vocational Act of 1963

    Vocational Act of 1963
    The Vocational Education Act of 1963 provided grants to states to maintain, improve, and develop vocational-technical education programs. The funds were earmarked for occupations in demand. It allows students to gain practical experience in their chosen career path before they even graduate.
  • Vocational Amendment of 1968 & 1973

    Vocational Amendment of 1968 & 1973
    Addressed the nation's social and economic problems and continued funding for students who were at risk or with disabilities.The emphasis had changed from occupations to people. National and state advisory councils are required. .
  • Vocational Amendment of 1976

    Vocational Amendment of 1976
    Required states receiving federal funding for vocational education to develop and carry out activities and programs to eliminate gender bias, stereotyping, and discrimination in vocational education. There were special appropriations for the disadvantaged. Consumer and Homemaking received special funding.
  • Carl Perkins Act

    Carl Perkins Act
    Approved the largest amount of funds for vocational education. Ear - Marked for poor and handicap students. Aimed to increase the quality of technical training.