History of CTE at the State and Federal Level

  • Period: to

    History of CTE 1800-2022 @ Federal and State

  • Vocational Education Rises

    In 1879 the first vocational training school emerged in St. Louis, Missouri. Soon after the first frameworks for CTE were developed and schools open for students to engages in specialized training and learning in relation to various industries.
  • First Trade School

    First Trade school opens in New York in 1881, opened by Colonel Richard Tylden Auchtmuty. Would only accept males age 17 or older.
  • Smith Hughes Act

    1st federal vocational legislation that allowed for education in the areas of agriculture, industrial education, and home economics. In addition allowed for student organizations such as the FFA to come to fruition.
  • George Reed Act 1929

    The George Reed Act of 1929 established a a removal of Home Economics from the Trade and Industrial components for the Smith Hughes Act of 1917. The act had no allocation of funds. However it allow annual appropriations to be authorized.
  • Vocational Funding In Washington State Established in 1933

    1933 established the funding scale based of a 2.2 times the basic education funding , established initially off of the 1917 Smith-Hughes Act.
  • George Deen Act 1936

    George Deen Act of 1936 allotted 12 million dollars for education in the the vocational learning for Agriculture, Home economics, and industrial education.
  • George-Barden Act of 1946

    This act amended the the George Deen act of 1936 allocated 34 million in funds to be used for the education filed list in the George Deen act. These funds could be used towards salary and expenses for a a state director, and counselor. Additional use can be used for student travel to organizational events for groups such as the F.F.A. (Future Farmers of America)
  • National Defense Educational Act of 1958

    The National Defense Educational Act was enacted to help boost local school systems in the areas instruction for math, science , and foreign languages. These educational disciplines were all seen as need for future occupations that would be needed for national defense. Also provided for students loans post high school secondary education for students seeking higher education.
  • Man Power Development Training Act of 1962

    This act stated that it would provide training in new and improved skills for underemployed or unemployed people in need of work.
  • Vocational Education Act of 1963

    This act replaced the Smith Hughes act, and was implemented by president John F. Kennedy. Funding that was allotted was 225 million dollars, that paved the way for gender equity (the first act to do so), work study programs. This act also provide a clear definition of the purpose and intent of vocational education/training.
  • Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) of 1973

    The CETA act was aimed helping those that were "economically disadvantage" to improve opportunities to help lower unemployment and or underemployment. Also supported Job Corps and summer youth employment programs. In addition the government provided oversight but a local government and training provides and the majority of the input in these programs.
  • Funding Mechanism Changed For Vocational Ed. Washington State

    With a a new calculation mechanism that essentially changed the ratio of 2.2 times cost of education per pupil, to a lower rate of 1.2 times. This was then switched be based upon a staffing ratio of 16.67 to 1.
  • Job Training Partnership Act of 1982

    JTPA of 1982 replaced CETA and first off expanded opportunities for unskilled workers, and establish more youth programs. In addition, partnerships expanded with businesses to help displaced workers due to reduce American manufacturing during recession times.
  • Missappropiation of Funds By School Districts 1982

    In 1982 the State of Washington had a legislative body investigate if school district were using vocational funds to solely fund vocational programs. It was discovered that districts across the state were not spending or spending monies for vocational education.
  • 1st Carl Perkins Vocational Education Act of 1984

    The 1st Cark Perkins Education Act established 950 million for vocational education for 4 years. It was also aimed at providing opportunities for those with special needs for training and retraining. State we obligated to create councils and advisories on vocational education, this increase other industry groups such as unions, secondary and post/secondary education to have input.
  • 2nd version of the Perkins Act (Perkins II) 1990

    This act brought about a refreshing of the 1st Perkins Act of 1984. There was in an increase in funding by 600 million dollars and a revision of the definition of vocational education.
  • 3rd version of the Perkins Act (Education Amendment Act) 1998

    The Education Amendment Act is also know as the 3rd revision and continuation of the Perkins Act. This act provided another revision of the definition of "vocational education" that is more concise, along with aligning vocational education with academics. In addition providing funding for professional development for educators.
  • 5th version of Carl D. Perkins Career and Technical Education Improvement Act 2006

    The 5th rendition of the Carl Perkins Act first changed the definition of vocational education to definition of Career and Technical Education. Standards were established that allowed for post secondary tech programs to be funded separately and have to meet a 90% standard performance target. Also created pathways designated as "Programs of Study" that led to a credential, associated degree, or a bachelors degree.