History of Assessment in the US

  • Harvard has first internal written examinations

  • Boston introduces written examinations

  • Harvard has first written entrance examinations

  • College Entrance Examinations Board establishes college entrance examines.

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    During WWI, the army uses a combination of IQ tests and multiple choice tests on new army recruits.

  • First multiple choice test

  • Standford-Binet IQ test developed, which is still the model for IQ tests today.

  • College Entrance Examination Board develops use of multiple choice test to measure aptitude of students without regard to quality of previous schooling.

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    Scholastic Aptitude Tests (SAT) developed.

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    College entrance determined by SAT and short acheivement tests, both of which are multiple choice. Essay tests are no longer used.

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    Reaction against multiple choice testing with the arguement that learning is not the art of picking the right answer.

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    National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) establishes regular ample survey tests.

  • American College Testing Assessment (ACT), and later the SAT as well, were redesigned to test conceptual and abstract thinking.

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    Endorsed by President Bill Clinton specifically in 1996, there is an embracement of testing every student at set ages in the areas of reading and math.