History of Anatomy

  • 150


    Galen dissects apes, monkeys, cows, dogs; writes treatises on human anatomy.
  • Jan 1, 600

    Translated from Greek to Arabic

    Knowledge of Greek anatomical treatises lost to Western Europeans, but retained in Byzantium and the Islamic world. Islamic scholars translate Greek anatomical treatises into Arabic
  • Jan 1, 1100

    Translated from Arabic into Latin

    Galen’s anatomical treatises translated from Arabic into Latin, later from the Greek originals
  • Jan 1, 1235

    First medical school

    First European medical school founded at Salerno, Italy; human bodies are publicly dissected
  • Jan 1, 1316

    Public dissections

    Mondino de’Liuzzi stages public dissections, Bologna, Italy; writes Anatomia
  • Jan 1, 1491

    1st illustrated printed medical book

    First illustrated printed medical book published in Venice, Johannes de Ketham, Fasciculus medicinae
  • Jan 1, 1510

    da Vinci dissects humans

    Leonardo da Vinci dissects human beings, makes anatomical drawings.
  • Period: to

    Anatomy today

    Anatomy plays an important role in medical education and research
  • Museums

    Schwammerdam, Ruysch and others start making anatomical specimens and museums.
    Bidloo starts movement toward greater anatomical realism.
    First art academies founded; anatomy is a key part of the curriculum.