Pope Urban II calls for the CrusadesThe Muslims invaded the Holy Land and the Pope created the Crusades to take it back, and they learned about new goods.
European shiftEven after the Crusades "failed to control the Holy Land", it made them explore more parts of the world/cities, which inspired their new ways of life. It was a big shift.
The birth of Marco PoloMarco Polo was born in Venice, Italy which was a prime center of trade, which started his exploration and further depth into the world of trade.
The Polo's journey to AsiaTheir journey by ship was vast and difficult. Many passengers had died due to the weather and living conditions.
Polo against GenoaPolo was captured as a prisoner from the war, but he met a writer while he was imprisoned which sparked his idea to write his own book about his experiences in Asia.
Portuguese captured the Fortress of Ceuta in Africa"They set up trading posts in Africa and collected gold and silver." Prince Henry developed the caravel which would make it easier to access the gold by sea.
Portugal's discovery of the Madeira IslandsThe discovery of these islands encouraged Prince Henry and his "explorers and scientists to navigate farther south along the coast of Africa."
Portugal's discovery of the Azores IslandsThe discovery of these islands inspired Prince Henry and his companions to "navigate farther south along the coast of Africa" in search for more gold.