JAMES BROWN records ‘classic funk break beat’, which becomes the foundation of early hip-hop. In "Sex Machine" and "Give It Up or Turnit a Loose,"
Graffiti tagging becomes popular
July article makes front-page in the New York Times mentioning tagger TAKI 183, inspires and popularized graffiti tagging and hundreds of local youths then want to become taggers too.
42 gangs sign a peace treaty
1971 December 42 gangs sign a peace treaty, after gang peacemaker from the GHETTO BROTHERS is killed
War On Graffiti
1972 New York City declares a "war on graffiti," setting the stage for "zero tolerance" politics
"merry-go-round" Spinning Invented by DJ Kool Herc
1973 DJ KOOL HERC invents a form of spinning break beats back-to-back, called "merry-go-round, " and forms the HERCULORDS.
ZULU NATION is Formed
1973 November The ZULU NATION is started by AFRIKA BAMBAATAA and begins actively recruiting Bronx kids under a banner of "Peace, Love, Unity, and Having Fun."
GrandMaster Flash perfects mixing
1975 GRANDMASTER FLASH, perfects mixing and blending break beats using his Clock Theory and Quickmix technique.
1977 July. New York City blackout leads to looting. Hip-hop block parties hit a peak as new sound systems appear on streets. First mention of the rap phenomenon appears in Billboard.
1979 October SUGARHIL GANG'S "Rapper's Delight" is a crossover hit. Chorus includes words "hip hop" further popularizing it the new genre.
The term "hip-hop” popularized
1981 AFRIKA BAMBAATAA solidifies popularization term "hip-hop” with Blondie's "Rapture" the first "rap" video which aired on MTV.
THE FURIOUS FIVE'S - The Message
1982 July GRANDMASTER FLASH AND THE FURIOUS FIVE'S record The Message and it becomes an international hit.
Def Jam Records Founded
1984 Def Jam records is founded by RUSSELL SIMMONS and RICK RUBIN, and record LL COOL J, BEASTIE BOYS, and RUN D.M.C.,the self-titled “RUN D.M.C” debut becomes the first gold rap album
ICE T and Schoolly D chronic street violence in music
1986 July Artists like ICE T and SCHOOLLY D chronicle street violence. After declaration of mandatory minimum sentencing for crack cocaine leads to racially disparate explosion in the prison population.
N.W.A. Straight Outta Compton Album released
1988 August N.W.A.'S Straight Outta Compton includes "Fuck tha Police," a song that chronicles racist LAPD. It was the first media labeled "gangsta rap"; N.W.A. call it "reality rap."
THE WAR ON DRUGS
1988 The beginning of "war on gangs." California passes Street Terrorism Enforcement and Prevention (STEP) Act.
Fight the Power
• 1989 Public Enemy is criticized as a "hate group." After song "Fight the Power" anchored SPIKE LEE'S movie DO the Right Thing.
a precise new form of counting record sales, shakes up industry. Country, heavy metal, and
rap, thought to be marginal genres, prove to be the most popular..
N.W.A.- "Efil4zaggin" album debuts at #2
1991 N.W.A.'S 2nd album Efil4zaggin debuts at #2
Los Angeles riots
1992 Los Angeles riots prompt rap backlash. DR. DRE'S The Chronic, Death Row Records' first album, propels hip-hop into the mainstream and launches West Coast subgenre.
Senate hearing on "gangsta rap."
1994 DELORES TUCKER warns will cause "a crime wave of epidemic proportions." In Senate hearing on "gangsta rap."
Hip Hop Becomes popualar music prefered by youth
1996 Hip-hop becomes prime content for global youth-entertainment complex. Telecommunications Act prompts media consolidation.
Tupac Shakur Shot
1996 September 7th TUPAC SHAKUR, famous rapper and son of a Black Panther, is shot fatally in Las Vega sand dies six days later.
Notorious B.I.G. Murdered
1997 March 9th. THE NOTORIOUS B.I.G., famous rapper Biggie, is murdered in Los Angeles.
Slim Shady LP goes triple platinum
1999 The culture warriors are recharged after EMINEM'S The Slim Shady LP goes triple platinum
California expands three-strike laws
2000 California expands three-strike laws, making it easier to try juveniles as adults and.
RUN D.M.C.'S Jam Master Jay is murdered.
30, 2002 October 30th RUN D.M.C.'S JAM MASTER JAY is murdered.
50 Cent Abum Get Rich or Die Tryin
2003 50 Cent’s debut sells 900,000 copies in first week, album Get Rich or Die Tryin'. RIAA sues dozens of downloaders.
Kanye West and Eminem release anti-Bush videos
2004 November Kanye West and Eminem release anti-Bush videos. Youths vote in record numbers.
The Grey Album becomes intellectual property protest
2004 February Mixing Beatles and Jay-Z, DANGER MOUSE'S The Grey Album becomes intellectual property protest; 100,000 copies are downloaded for free.
Katrina relief efforts are produced by rappers
2005 September Enormous Katrina relief efforts are produced by rappers and hip-hop activists organize.
Don Imus ignites controversy over sexism in rap
2007April Don Imus ignites controversy over sexism in rap with controversial statements made to women’s basketball players.