Germany: 20th Century Noteable Events

By Rozlet
  • Burgerliches Gesetzbuch

    Civil code of Germany serves as template of jurisdiction.
  • First Moroccan Crisis

    International crisis between France, United Kingdom, and Germany regarding control Morocco.
    o Schlieffen plan - German General Staff devises plan for a possible war on two fronts against France and Russia.
  • Agadir Crisis

    (Second Moroccan Crisis) – Germany advances interest in Morocco by sending gunship to a port in Morocco resulting in France declaring Morocco a Protectorate.
  • Saverne Affair

    Internal crisis within Germany results in unrest and loss of Prestige for the Kaiser within Germany.
  • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand

    Archduke and wife murdered by Bosnian/Serbian assassins which directly results in declaration of war by Germany.
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    World War I

    The end of the war results in the Germany, Russian, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman empires ceasing to exist.
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    Weimar Republic

    After the German Revolution in 1918 after WWI the Weimar Republic was established as the first attempt of democracy in Germany.
  • Treaty of Versailles - Germany

    Germany signs agreement for accepting responsibility for WW1, regulations of military strengths, reallocations of geography boundaries, and payments of war reparations resulting in the collapse of the Germany economy.
    o First Germany President elected – Establishment of Weimar Republic under German President Ebert.
    o Spartacist Uprising regions with Germany revolt as a result of Treaty of Versailles and economic crisis.
  • Kapp-Luttwitz- putsch

    Coup attempt to overthrow Weimar Republic fails.
  • Hitler becomes leader of Nazi party

  • Mein Kampf published

    Mein Kampf was Hitler's autobiography which he wrote while in prison for a failed political coup.
  • Stock Market on Wall Street crashes

  • Hitler appointed Chancellor

    President Hindenberg appoints Hitler Chancellor to balance out the political parties in his cabinet.
  • Reichstag Fire

    Nazi's pass Enabling Act which makes Hitler a legal dictator.
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    The Third Reich

    It began with Hitler's ascension to Chancellor and ended with VE Day.
  • Hitler becomes Führer

    Hitler declares himself leader when President Hindenberg dies.
  • Anschluss of Austria announced

    Germany annexes Austria as part of the Third Reich.
  • Nazi's invade Poland- begin of WWII

  • Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

    The United States enters WWII.
  • Hitler committed suicide

  • Germany Surrenders

    Germany surrenders unconditionally, becoming partitioned and occupied by the US, UK, USSR and France
  • Germany surrenders.

  • Soviet Blockade

    1/01/48 to 01/01/49 Soviet Blockade of Germany
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    Soviet blockade of Berlin

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    Deutsche Demokratische Republik (German Democratic Republic)

    After WWII, the Soviet sector of Germany came under the control of the communists. East Germany remained separated until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1990.
  • Allied airlift keeps Berlin supplied and Soviets back down

  • The Federal Republic of Germany in West Germany writes its constitution and begins to take over government of the country

  • German Democratic Republic in East Germany is formed

  • European Coal and Steel

    Becomes Original 6 members of Coal and Steel Community
  • Germans win 1954 FIFA World Cup

  • Federal Republic of Germany is granted full sovereignty and membership in NATO

  • Republice joins NATO and GDR joins Warsaw Pact

  • The GDR begins to build the Berlin Wall

  • Student Movement

  • Voting age changed from 21 to 18

  • East and West Germany agree to Treaty

  • Summer Olympics - Terrorist attacks

  • The FRG and GDR are both admitted into the United Nations

  • Pressure from West Germany and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev causes East Germany to open the Berlin Wall

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    Both German states and the US, UK, France and Soviet Union negotiate terms for German unification

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    Reunified Germany

    After the fall of the Berlin Wall, East and West Germany reunited.
  • Complete German elections are held, the first all-encompassing ones since 1933

  • Berlin named Capital

  • Sign treaty which creates the European Union

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    All foreign troops are removed from Berlin

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    CDU party funding scandal.

    Kohl resigns as honorary party chairman after he admits illegally accepting thousands of dollars in party contributions. Party leader Schaeuble resigns over his handling of the scandal. Angela Merkel takes over.
  • European Court of Human Rights

    European Court of Human Rights rules that three former East German Communist leaders should serve jail terms for sanctioning a policy of shooting would-be escapees at the Berlin Wall. The Court said that the men - among them the last East German leader Egon Krenz - had violated international human rights law.
  • Nuclear energy

    Government and nuclear industry representatives sign agreement to phase out nuclear energy entirely over next 20 years.
  • Germany's largest deployment outside Europe since World War II.

    Chancellor Schroeder survives parliamentary confidence vote over the government's decision to deploy 4,000 troops in the US-led campaign in Afghanistan, Germany's largest deployment outside Europe since World War II.
  • The Euro is introduced

    Euro replaces Deutsche Mark (DM).
  • neo-Nazi National Democratic Party

    Constitutional Court decides not to uphold government request to ban neo-Nazi National Democratic Party because of accusations that government informants planted in party ranks had acted as agents provocateurs to discredit it.
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    Labor Protests

    Tens of thousands protest in streets, particularly in eastern regions, over government plans to cut unemployment benefit and other welfare and labour reforms.
  • Dresden's Frauenkirche

    Dresden's Frauenkirche reconsecrated 60 years after its destruction by Allied bombers.
  • First Female Chancellor

    Angela Merkel of the CDU becomes chancellor in a "grand coalition" involving the CDU and SPD.
  • Historic Low Unemployement Rate

    Unemployment falls below 4 million for the first time in four years.
  • Chancellor Angela Merkel Historic Address

    Chancellor Angela Merkel makes historic address to Israeli parliament (Knesset) during a trip marking the 60th anniversary of the founding of Israel. Her address is the first ever given to the Knesset by a German head of government.
  • Recession

    Germany is declared to be officially in recession.