Genocide in Rwanda

  • Germany colonizes Rwanda.

    Germany colonizes Rwanda.
    colonizationGermany came and colonized in Rwanda. Germany had set up a pliant government. Before the colonization, the majority of the people in Rwanda were Tutsi. Europeans thought that the Tutsi were racially superior and should that they make up the ruling class. This would mean that the Hutu should become underclass.
  • Identity Card

    Identity Card
    I.D.The Belgians organize and mandate that everyone be issued an identity card classifying them as either Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa. Tutsis are often taller and thinner than Hutus. A more valid description of the Tutsi-Hutu divide is by class and occupation. The Tutsi are the upper class and are mostly herdsmen. The Hutu are the lower class and for the most part live by farming.
  • Hutus rebel

    Hutus rebel
    rebellionThe Hutu started to rebel against the Tutsis and Belgians. The Hutu were not equal to the Tutsis. The Tutsis were more like the Europeans and the Germans favored them.
  • Independence

    independenceRwanda gains its independence. They are now free from Germany. When Rwanda became the independent nation of Rwanda on July 1, 1962, it was under Hutu rule. The Rwandan Patriotic Front, Tutsi rebels in exile in Uganda, had an attempt to overthrow the government. The government was also Hutu-led Rwandan.
  • Rwandan Patriotic Front

    Rwandan Patriotic Front
    RPFThe RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) is created. Refugees were the ones who formed the rebel army. It was mainly only in Uganda. The Rwanda Patriotic Front was formed in 1987 by the Tutsi refugee Diaspora in Uganda.
  • Hutu and Tutsi agreement

    Hutu and Tutsi agreement
    governmentsThe Arusha Accords are agreed upon, opening government positions to both Hutu and Tutsi. After months of negotiating, Habyarimana and the RPF sign a peace accord that allowed refugees to return and a coalition Hutu-RPF government. 2,500 U.N. troops are deployed in Kigali to oversee the implementation of the accord.
  • President killed

    President killed
    presidentThe Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana is killed. It was a bigger deal to some of the people because he was a Hutu. He was killed when his plane was shot out of the sky. Who killed him is unknown.
  • Massacre at Gikondo

    Massacre at Gikondo
    timelineThere was a massacre at Gikondo. There were hundreds of Tutsis that were killed in the Pallottine Missionary Catholic Church. Since the killers were clearly targeting only Tutsi, the Gikondo massacre was the first clear sign that a genocide was occurring.
  • Massacre at the Roman Catholic Church

    Massacre at the Roman Catholic Church
    massacreThere was a massacre at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church. Thousands of Tutsi were killed. First it was by grenades and guns. Then it was by machetes and clubs. This killed countless amounts of people.
  • Hutus flee

    Hutus flee
    timelineThe RPF captured Kigali.The government collapsed and the RPF declared a ceasefire. As soon as it became apparent that the RPF was victorious, between one million and two million Hutus began to flee to Zaire, which is now the Democratic Republic of Congo.
  • Genocide ends

    Genocide ends
    endThe Rwanda Genocide ends. It ended when the Rwandan Patriotic Front gains control of the country. The French are switched on their mission with the U.N. troops. A cholera epidemic sweeps the refugee camps in Zaire, killing thousands.