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Food Development 19th -20th Century

  • 1920s-1930s

    -The electric refrigerator becomes widely available in the 1920s, allowing people to store perishable food for longer periods.
    -The first commercially successful instant coffee, Nescafe, is introduced in 1938.
    -The Great Depression of the 1930s leads to a rise in home canning and preservation of food.
  • 1940s-1950s

    -During World War II, food rationing is implemented in many countries, leading to innovations such as powdered eggs and spam.
    -The first fast-food chains, such as McDonald's and KFC, are established in the 1950s.
    -TV dinners, precooked meals that could be heated in the oven, become popular in the 1950s.
  • 1960s-1970s

    -The Green Revolution of the 1960s leads to the development of high-yield crop varieties and the increased use of pesticides and fertilizers.
    -The first vegetarian and health food stores open in the 1960s.
    -The popularity of convenience foods continues to grow, with the introduction of microwaveable meals in the 1970s.
  • Early 1900s

    Early 1900s
    -The first cookbook by African American author, Rufus Estes, is published in 1907.
    -In 1913, the US government creates the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to regulate food safety and labeling.
    -The first refrigerated trucks for transporting perishable food are introduced in the early 1900s.
  • 1980s-Present

    -The organic food movement gains popularity in the 1980s and continues to grow in the present day.
    -The use of genetically modified crops becomes more widespread in the 1990s and 2000s.
    -The popularity of plant-based diets and alternative meat products, such as Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, increases in the present day.