The unfinished nation a concise history of the american people volume 1 9780077286354

Final Project HIST 151-N05

  • The Early Chesapeake

    The Early Chesapeake
    By 1600, the Virginia colonists had made their fortunes through the cultivation of tobacco, setting a pattern that was followed in Maryland and the Carolinas. In political and religious matters, Virginia differed considerably from the New England colonies.
  • The Pilgrims

    The Pilgrims
    The leaders of the Scrooby group obtained permission from the Virginia Company to settle in Virginia. They sailed from Plymouth, England, in September 1620 on the Mayflower. On the ship were thirty-five "saints" (puritan Separatists) and and sixty-seven "strangers" (people who were not part of the congregation),they saw themselves as the "Pilgrims".
  • Navigation Acts

    The first of these acts closed the colonies to all trade except that carried by English ships and required that tobacco and other items be exported from the colonies only to England or to English possessions.
  • The Glorious Revolution

    The events of 1688–89 that resulted in the deposition of James II and the accession of William III and Mary II to the English throne. It is also called the Bloodless Revolution.
  • Poor Richard's Almanac

    The most famous almanac in the eighteenth-century. Published by Benjamin Franklin
  • The Stono Rebellion

    The Stono Rebellion
    The Stono Rebellion was the largest rebellion mounted by slaves against slave owners in colonial America. The Stono Rebellion's location was near the Stono River in South Carolina.
  • The Great Awakening

    The Great Awakening was a period of great revivalism that spread throughout the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s. It deemphasized the importance of church doctrine and instead put a greater importance on the individual and their spiritual experience.
  • The Seven Years War

    The Seven Years War
    The French and Indian War, a colonial extension of the Seven Years War that ravaged Europe from 1756 to 1763, was the bloodiest American war in the 18th century.
  • First Medical School created.

    First Medical School created.
    The University of Pennsylvania created the first medical school. Unfortunately docotrs has to tstruggle with the age-old prejudices and superstitions.
  • The Tea Act

    This act gave the company, Britain's East India Company, the right to export its merchandise directly to the colonies without paying any of the regular taxes that were imposed on colonial merchants.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists went onto ships, broke open the chests of tea and dumped them into the harbor. Because of the Boston Tea party, Parliament decided to have four acts passed in 1774, such as: closing the port of Boston, drastically reducing the powers of self-government in Massachusetts, permitting royal officers in America to be tried in other colonies or in England when accused of crimes, and providing for the quartering of troops by the colonists.
  • American Revolution

    The United States defeated the more powerful British. The US had two struggles during the war with the British. The questions going through Americas mind were whether to demand independence from Britain, how to structure the new nation they had proclaimed and how to deal with questions that the Revolution had raised about slavery, the rights of Indians, the role of women and the limits of religious tolerance in the new American society.
  • Lexington & Concord

    Lexington & Concord
    The first shots starting the revolution were fired at Lexington, Massachusetts. On April 18, 1775, British General Thomas Gage sent 700 soldiers to destroy guns and ammunition the colonists had stored in the town of Concord, just outside of Boston
  • Bunker Hill

    Bunker Hill
    In this battle, actually fought in Breed’s Hill, Patriots suffered severe casualties and withdrew. But they inflicted even greater losses on the enemy.
  • The War For Independence

    The War For Independence
    With resistance and rebellion through protests, boycotts, and other political movements, independence was slowly becoming in reach. The conflicts between the two sides foreshadowed a war, leading into independence and an American Revolution. In a sense, the historical events during "The American Revolution" led to "The War for Independence."
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Start of a complete break from England. Congress approved the Declaration of Independence, which provided formal justifications for this resolution. After the approving, each colony started calling themselves states. Thomas Jefferson, with help from John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, they wrote most of the Declaration.
  • The Enlightenment

    The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the 1700s.
  • Yorktown

    The formal surrender of British troops took place in Yorktown. General Cornwallis did not attend the surrender.
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    Shays Rebellion

    Daniel Shays, reached his climax when Shays led 1100 men in an attempt to seize the arsenal in Springfield, Mass. He demanded relief from their debtedness.
  • The Consitution

    The Consitution
    The Constitution of the United States is the supreme law of the United States of America. The first three Articles of the Constitution establish the rules and separate powers of the three branches of the federal government: a legislature, the bicameral Congress; an executive branch led by the President; and a federal judiciary headed by the Supreme Court.
  • The Bill of Rights

    The Bill of Rights
    Congress approved twelve amendments, ten of which were ratified by the states by the end of 1791. These first ten amendments of the Constitution compose what we know as the Bill of Rights.
  • Cotton Gin

    Cotton Gin
    Eli Whitney's cotton gin revolutionized the cotton economy of the South by making the processing of short staple-cotton simple and economical.
  • The "XYZ Affair"

    Adams sent a message to Congress urging preparations for war, but before giving the commissioner’s report to Congress, he deleted the names of the three French agents and designated only as X,Y, and Z.
  • Midnight Appointments

    Adams would stay up till midnight each night before his presidency was over. Adams was trying to put as many federalists into power before he was no longer president.
  • The Louisiana Purchase

    The Louisiana Purchase
    Livingston and Monroe signed an agreement with Napoleon and by the terms of the treaty, the United States was to pay a total of 80 million francs, which is $15 million in American currency, to the French government. What the United States received from this was all of Arkansas, Missouri, Iowa, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska and parts of Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, New Mexico, Texas, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and Louisiana.
  • Duel between Hamilton and Burr

    Hamilton came at Burr with private remarks which were reported in the press, soon after Burr lost the election for governor of New York. When Burr lost he challenged Hamilton to a duel. Hamilton couldn’t refuse because he didn’t want to be seen as a coward. The two men met at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton was shot, and then died the next day.
  • War of 1812

    Britain didn’t come over until a year after the war started. The war started with the Indians. War moved into Canada when Americans were trying to capture the land. The war gave America a new standing in the world and showed America’s independence. America won the war and kept their independence. An Indian helped Americans and soon after the war the Indian was sent westward, prier help was forgotten. The irony of the war was that a treaty was signed 3 weeks before the war started; transporting t
  • Second Bank of the United States

    The wartime experience underlined the need for another national bank. Congress chartered a second Bank of the United States in 1816, much like its predecessor of 1791, but with more capital.
  • The Panic Of 1918

    The Panic of 1819 was the first major financial crisis in the United States,[1] and had occurred during the political calm of the Era of Good Feelings. The new nation previously had faced a depression following the war of independence in the late 1780s and led directly to the establishment of the dollar and, perhaps indirectly, to the calls for a Constitutional Convention.
  • The Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe Doctrine stated that European nations should not intervene in countries to the south of the U.S. The Monroe Doctrine, actually written by John Quincy Adams, declared it was a superlative U.S. foreign policy statement.
  • Erie Canal

    Erie Canal
    opened in October 1825. The traffic was so heavy that within time the construction was paid off. The markets of the West grew because of the canal. The canal also gave New York access to Chicago. Another thing the canal did was create a decline of agriculture in New England. Farmers found it harder to compete because of the easy and cheaper shipping of crops to the east.
  • Worcester v. Georgia

    Worcester v. Georgia
    It was a court’s decision in Worcester v. Georgia, in which the Court invalidated a Georgia law that attempted to regulate access by United States citizens to Cherokee country.
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    Factory Girls' Association

    Mill workers in Lowell organized this union. It staged a strike to protest a 25% wage cut in 1834 and again in 1836. Both strikes failed, as workers found themselves unable to make ends meet and were back on the job within a month.
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    Violent Reprisals

    The result of fears from the whites was an escalating wave of violence. A mob in Philadelphia attacked the abolitionist headquarters in 1834, burned it to the ground, and began a bloody race riot. Another mob seized Garrison on the streets of Boston in 1835 and threatened to hang him.
  • Cult of domesticity

    Cult of domesticity
    Provided many women greater material comfort than they had enjoyed in the past and placed a higher value on their “female virtues”. This set woman apart from the rest of the world. Women who worked were seen as lower-class. Women were to be seen in the household at all times cleaning, cooking, taking care of the children, and doing any household work that needed to be done.
  • Manifest Destiny

    Manifest Destiny
    Manifest Destiny reflected bith the growing prde that characterized American nationalism in the mid-nineteenth century. It rested on the idea that America was destined by God and by history to expand its boundaries over a vast area.
  • Treaty of Wang Hya

    This treaty extended to the United States trading privileges equal to those enjoyed by Britain. In particular, this agreement opened certain Chinese “treaty ports” and provided “extraterritorial status” to Americans in China.
  • The Oregon Trail

    The Oregon Trail
    The Oregon Trail is a 2,000-mile (3,200 km) historic east-west wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon and locations in between. The eastern part of the Oregon Trail spanned part of the future state of Kansas and nearly all of what are now the states of Nebraska and Wyoming. The western half of the trail spanned most of the future states of Idaho and Oregon.
  • Mexican War

    Mexican War
    At first the Mexican troops refused to fight, but finally the Mexican troops crossed the Rio Grande and attacked a unit of American soldiers. Congress came up with the final decision to declare war.
  • Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

    Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    Polk sent Nicholas Trist to negotiate a settlement. In this treaty Mexico agreed to cede California and New Mexico to the United States and acknowledge the Rio Grande as the boundary of Texas.
  • Election of 1856

    After a heated, even frenzied campaign, Buchanan won a narrow victory over Fremont and Fillmore.
  • The Civil War

    started in 1860. This war was guided by Abraham Lincoln, president of the United States at the time. North and South fighting over slavery. North wanted to have slavery abolished, while the South did not. In the end slavery was abolished and the creation of the 13th amendment was put into the Declaration of Independence. The Civil War changed America forever because today and forever more slavery is no longer available. Slavery will never be accepted in the United States.
  • Homeland and Morrill Acts

    The Homestead Act promised ownership of a 160-acre tract of public land to a citizen or head of a family who had resided on the land for 5 years after the initial claim. The Morrill act transferred substantial public land to the state governments, which could now sell the land and use the proceeds to finance public education.
  • Women, Nursing, and the War

    Women, Nursing, and the War
    men doctors didn’t find it appropriate for women to care for men strangers. Women started taking jobs left by men. Women found the war to be an opportunity to win support for their own goals. Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, together found the National Woman’s Loyal League in 1863, they worked to abolish slavery and awarding suffrage to women.
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    congress approved the 13th amendment and the states ratified it, which abolished slavery in all parts of the US. After two centuries, legalized slavery finally ceased to exist in the US.