Winner was John Q. Adams
runner up was Andrew Jackson
Erie Canal officialy opened
-The first transportation system from the easter seaboard and the western interior.
-Increased important of many citys, such as New York.
Dramaticly dropped shipping costs.
Construction of the Baltimore and Ohio railway begins (B&O)
-Chartered and commisioned February 28, 1827
-First to offer scheduled freight and passenger service to the public.
-Direct response to other cities commisioning transportation systems.
Presidential election of 1828
-Between Andrew jackson and John Quency Adams
-178 electorial - 83 electorial
Second Great Awakening
-Protestant revival movement
B&O RailRoad Officialy Opened
Indian Removal Act Passed
-HIghly controveral. Disputed by Abraham lincoln, Davy Crockett and many other congressmen. Discputed by christian churches especially.
- Large support from much of the south, especially Georgia.
- Many European Americans supported the act.
The "Liberator" Begins to be publicated
Abolishenist News paper
continued pulication untill january 1, 1866
Nat Turner rebellion
-Slave revolt led by nat turner
-55 white men killed
- over 100 black men killed
Worcester v. Georgia
Argued over samuel worcester being present in indian territory without liscense.
Case dismissed becuse states have no right in indian territory.
-U.S. Const. art. I
-Caused by Jacksons vetoing of the re-chartering of the Secound Bank of The United States.
-Jackson saw that the bank had too much power and was unconstituional.
Tariff of 1832 Passed
-largely written by former President John Quincy Adams
-Declared unconstitutional in November 1832
Black Hawk War
-Headed by Sauk leader Black Hawk
-77 americans killed
-450-650 indians killed
Presidential election of 1832
-Nominee include Andrew Jackson, Henry clay, and Willian Wirt.
-Andrew Jackson was re-elected
The Force Bill Passed
Created to extend presidential powers.
Allowed jackson to use what every force necesary to enforce tariffs.
Consisted of eight sections.
Second Seminole War
Know as the Florida War
Most expensive indian war fought by US.
1600 us military men killed.
unknown amount of indian fighters died.
Samuel Colts first revolver patented
Was extreamly important in upcoming conflicts around the world.
A game changing weapon.
Gag Rule passed by the house of representation.
Passed to end antislavery petitions.
Arkansas Becomes the 25th State
Specie Circular was issued
Declared land purchases to only be made with gold or silver.
reaction to fear of over speculation on former indian properties.
Michigan Becomes the 26th state
Oberline College begins to enroll female students
-first institution to regularly admitt black and female students.
-Founded september 2, 1833
Not a true war. Was considered an international conflict.
Dispute over the boarder of main and the british colony of Brunswick.
Ended in 1839 with no battles fought
Forced Removal of Cherokees
The last of the Cherokee nation forced to relocate.
Followed the trail of tears.
Aproximentaly 4000 cherokee died while on the trail
Election of 1840
Nominees included William H. Harrison and Martin Van Buren.
Harrison received 234 electorial votes where as Buren received 60.
Harrison won the election
United States v. The Amistad foguht in supreem court
-The hearing in the supreame court began feburary 22 of that same year.
-resulted in the freeing of illegaly captured slaves that had revoltuded against there captors.
- Former president John Quency Adams helped defend the Africas
-A short lived civil war that occured in Rhode island.
-ended september 1842
Webster-Ashburton Treaty signed
Second Seminole War Ends
- Consisted of 10 major battles
presidential election of 1844
-between Henry Clay and James k. Polk
-Polk Received 170 electorial votes
- Clay received 105 electorial votes
- Polk won the election.
Florida became the 27th president
Republic of Texas becomes the 28th states
Mexican-American War begins
-Caused by annexation of Texas.
-Mexico claimed that land that was theres was unrightfuly taken even though the land was legaly part of Texas due to the Texas Revolution.
Wilmot Provision Introduced
Introduced multiple times each time passing the house but not the senate.
Would of banned slavery in new land aquired by annexing Texas
Gold discovered in California
Gold discovered by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California.
The Spanish American War Ends
-A total of 13,283 causulties where cused to american troops.
-16,000 casualties received by mexican troops
- Officialy ended with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
- United States came out the victores of the war.
Wisconsin becomes the 30th state
The California Gold Rush Begins
Masses of large people began traveling to california in search of gold.
The famous 49ers
Compromise of 1850
-A package of five bills.
-drafted by Whig Senator Henry Clay
-Temporarly halted the civil war
California becomes the 31st State
Commodore Matthew Perry openes Japan
Gave the US complete control of the japense market
Gadeson purchase finalized
Utah War begins
Would end in july of 1858.
Solved thru negotiations.
Panic of 1857
Economic Down turn
Caused severe problems in the economy.
Caused by many events starting as early as 1850
Minesota Becomes 32nd State.
US became part of the Treaty of Tientsin
Ended the first part of the second opium war.
Opened Chinease ports to more countrys
Gave bejing more power
The Second French Empire, United Kingdom, Russian Empire, and the United States were the parties involved
Trans Atlantic Cable begins to be laid
Was the secound attempt to run a trans Atlantic Line.
Middle splice finished July 29, 1858.
Completly finished August 5, 1858.
First used August 16, 1858
First Trans Atlantic Cabled Contact Made
first message was "Europe and America are united by telegraphy. Glory to God in the highest; on earth, peace and good will toward men."
Sent from Ireland to US
Oregon becomes 33rd state
Raid on Harpers Ferry
-Led by John Brown.
-Total of 22 abolisionest where part of the raid.
-Captured weapons stored at the B&O facility in Harpers ferry.
-Hoped to use the weapons to start a slave revolt in the south.
Pony Express Founded
Became the most direct way to communicate east to west.
Continued in operation until october 26, 1861
Presidential election of 1860
Abraham lincoln elected new president.
Very controversial lection in both North and South.