Evolution of the National Citizenry

  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Declaration of Independence grants citizenship to white, male property owners.
  • Constitution

    The constitution counts slaves as three-fifths of a person for representation purposes.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Forcibly relocates thousands of Native Americans, denying them citizenship and rights.
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Grants citizenship to all persons born or naturalized in the U.S., including former slaves.
  • Chinese Exclusion Act

    Chinese Exclusion Act
    Prohibits Chinese immigrants from becoming citizens.
  • The Indian Citizenship Act

    The Indian Citizenship Act
    It grants citizenship to Native Americans, but they still face discrimination and limited rights.
  • Brown v. Board of Education

    Brown v. Board of Education
    Desegregates schools, expanding the rights of African American citizens.
  • Loving v. Virginia

    Loving v. Virginia
    Legalizes interracial marriage, further expanding the definition of the citizenry
  • Roe v. Wade

    Roe v. Wade
    It grants women the right to choose abortion, a controversial issue regarding citizenship and personhood.
  • Americans with Disabilities Act

    Americans with Disabilities Act
    Grants disabled individuals equal rights and protection under the law.
  • First African American President

    First African American President
    Barack Obama becomes the first African American president, a symbol of progress in the evolution of national citizenry.