ELD IH assignment 2015

  • Period: to

    World war II

  • Iran

    During WW2: Soviets troops had been stationed in Iran to stop a seizure of the Persian Oilfields by the Axis powers
    After the war: Soviet troops remained in Iran
    This encouraged separatist movements in the northern provinces of Azerbajian & Kurdistan; The US saw this as an attempt by Stalin to create a sphere of influence on the USSR’s southern perimeter; Truman silently remarked that it was time to find out if the Soviets were “bent on world conquest”
  • Morgenthau Plan

    Advocated the de-industralisation and pastrolisation of Germany
  • Tehran Conference

    Churchill proposed that the USSR could absorb part of Eastern Poland while the latter would gain part of Eastern Germany. Roosevelt did not object but he said he could not publicly agree so as not to alienate Polish-American votes (7 million at that time).
  • Percentages agreement

    Britain to have 90% influence in Greece
    USSR to have 90% influence in Romania
    USSR to have 75% influence in Bulgaria
  • dollar diplomacy

    US economic influence started becoming an ideological threat and a security threat to USSR
  • Period: to


    The seizure of Eastern European governments by local communists backed up by soviet troops which were currently occupying the various countries
  • Yalta agreement

    US and Britain rejected the revision of the Polsih Border ,
    there was inclusion of the London Poles in the Lublin committee and free polish elections were held;
    stalin signed the declaration of liberated Europe without the intention to abide by it
  • Roosevelt's very first instance of doubt

    the polish issue led to Roosevelt doubting for the first time the possibilty of postwar cooperation with the soviets
  • Marshall's Tito foces entered Triste (port City) in May 1945

  • The US practiced atomic diplomacy in potsdam

    Truman offered Stalin information about the atomic bomb in return for the reorganisation of soviet controlled governments in bulgaria and romania
  • Soviet takeover of NK from the Japanese

    Soviet troops moved across the Russian border into North Korea to take over from the Japanese; Stalin did not object and Korean was divided into two occupation zones along the 38th parallel
  • Manchuria- soviet reaction to american actions

    50000 US marines were sent to North China to secure key communication centres, road, rail routes and help transport KMT armies to the area
  • Soviets' failure to join the IMF and the World Bank

    American dollar diplomacy, alongside with other indications of American refusal to aid in Soviet economic reconstruction led to Soviets' failure to join the IMF and the World Bank
  • Truman was tired of 'babying the soviets '

    In view of the sovietisation of Romania and Bulgaria. Truman had already concluded that they should not compromise any longer and that he was tired of 'babying the soviets'. this led to a harsher US polcy from 1946 onwards
  • Kennan's long telegramme

  • Churchill's Iron Curtain Speech

  • Change in plans for germany

    Change in plans for germany from destruction to reconstruction was made public in a speech by James Brynes
  • Baruch Plan

  • Truman Doctrine

  • Brussels Pact

    Brussels Pact formed in Britain, France, Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemborg
  • Marshall Plan

    It seemed as if western Europe was facing a servere economic and psychological crisis and it was decided that the Western Zones (not the Eastern ones) woudl recieve Marshall Aid
  • Period: to

    Berlin Bockade

    Russia blocked all road and rail routes to Berlin- Berlin blockade had begun.
  • Soviets completed their own atomic programme

  • NATO formed

    North Atlantic Treaty Organisation