Early explorers

Timeline created by Eric Zbrzezny
In History
  • Oct 9, 1001

    Leiv Eriksson sailed for the Vikings

    Leiv Eriksson sailed for the Vikings
    He was with the vikings for sailing to America. He was the first one to discover the Americas. Raided countries in Europe Creating large trading networks. In 1000 Leif Eriksson was blown off course by a storm. Landed on the coast of N. America. Landed on the Labrador Peninsula in present-day Canada.
  • Mar 22, 1444

    Henry the Navigator sailed for Portugal

    Henry the Navigator sailed for Portugal
    Founded a school for sailors. Studied navigation, map-making, shipbuilding, and astronomy. Spent lots of $$$ on school and expeditions exploring the coast of Africa.
  • Oct 10, 1486

    Bartolomeu Dias sailed for Portugal

    Bartolomeu Dias sailed for Portugal
    Led an expedition to sail around the southern tip of Africa in the hope of finding a trade route to India. Just a few months after dispatching the overland explorers, Portugal sponsored Dias in an African expedition.
  • Aug 3, 1492

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain

    Christopher Columbus sailed for Spain
    Tried to reach Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic, landed in the Americas but believed he had reached Asia. (Even when he died in 1506.) He made 4 trips across the Atlantic. He brought new animals, foods, and diseases to Europe.
  • May 10, 1497

    Amerigo Vespucci sailed for the Spanish flag.

    Amerigo Vespucci sailed for the Spanish flag.
    He made a few voyages to explore the new world on his first voyage he went form Central America to the golf of St.Laurence. On his next voyages he explored the coast of South America. His voyages lead to maps of the new world which lead to the Europeans to understand the world around them.
  • Jun 8, 1497

    Vasco da Gama sailed for the Portuguese

    Vasco da Gama sailed for the Portuguese
    In 1497, sailed all around Africa and all the way to India. Winning the European race for a sea route to Asia.
  • Jun 24, 1497

    John Cabot sailed for the English

    John Cabot sailed for the English
    Searched for a passage to the Pacific Ocean. Tried to fin a shorter route to Asia than Columbus.
  • Mar 1, 1513

    Juan Ponce de Leon sailed for Spain

    Juan Ponce de Leon sailed for Spain
    Explored present-day Florida in 1513, looking for the “Fountain of Youth”. He never found the "Fountain of Youth" but he mapped out Florida. He went back to colonize it but was attacked by Indians.
  • Sep 1, 1513

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo sailed for Spain

    Vasco Nunez de Balbo sailed for Spain
    Balboa led an expedition from Darién to search for a new sea reportedly to the south and for gold. He hoped that if he was successful, he would win the favor of Ferdinand, the king of Spain. He didn't find the gold though.
  • Feb 18, 1519

    Hernando Corte's sailed for Spain

    Hernando Corte's sailed for Spain
    Explored Mexico in 1519. Conquered the Aztecs with Technology, animals, and diseases. He had 11 ships and 508 men and 16 horses that sailed with him. He landed at Tabasco where he stayed for some time.
  • Sep 20, 1519

    Ferdinand Magellan sailed for Spain

    Ferdinand Magellan sailed for Spain
    Magellan set sail from Spain in an effort to find a western sea route to the rich Spice Islands of Indonesia. In command of five ships and 270 men, Magellan sailed to West Africa and then to Brazil, where he searched the South American coast for a strait that would take him to the Pacific.
  • Jun 17, 1527

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca sailed for Spain

    Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca sailed for Spain
    Accompanied by Estevanico (a slave) and others, explored the North American Southwest looking for the 7 Cities of Gold. They had a fleet of 5 vessels and he was promised a lot of money if he succeeded.
  • Jan 6, 1531

    Francisco Pizarro sailed for Spain

    Francisco Pizarro sailed for Spain
    A conquistador who explored the Andes Mountains of South America and conquered the Inca Empire. He brought 180 men with him and 37 horses.
  • Jun 9, 1534

    Jacques Cartier sailed for France

    Jacques Cartier sailed for France
    Sailed down the Saint Lawrence river to claim land for France. Claimed half the Americas by saying a couple words.
  • May 18, 1539

    Hernando de Soto sailed for Cuba

    Hernando de Soto sailed for Cuba
    Explored Florida and North Carolina discovered the Mississippi River. Landed on present day Tampa Bay. He took 600 men with him and numerous horses, dogs, and pigs.
  • Jun 27, 1542

    Juan Rodriguez sailed for Spain

    Juan Rodriguez sailed for Spain
    He mapped the West Coast of the Americas and up to Canada. The expedition he led was the first European to explore the west coast of the Americas.
  • Sep 22, 1554

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado sailed for spain

    Francisco Vasquez de Coronado sailed for spain
    In North American Southwest, looking for the cities of gold, discovered the Grand Canyon (in AZ). Led an expedition through the Southwestern United States between 1540 and 1542.
  • Samuel de Champlain sailed for France

    Samuel de Champlain sailed for France
    Samuel de Champlain began exploring North America in 1603.
    Establishing the city of Quebec in the northern colony of New France, and mapping the Atlantic coast and the Great Lakes.
  • Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch

    Henry Hudson sailed for the Dutch
    His third and fourth voyages where to North America where he discovered and sailed the Hudson river, Hudson strait, and the Hudson bay
  • Henry Hudson

    Henry Hudson
    He sailed to Present day New York where his crew kicked him off.
  • Rene-Robert De La Salle sailed for the French

    Rene-Robert De La Salle sailed for the French
    He was sent by King Louis XIV to travel south from Canada and sail down the Mississippi River to the Gulf of Mexico. He was the first European to travel the length of the Mississippi River.