Early America

  • 1492

    Columbus Arrives

    Columbus Arrives
    Christopher becomes the first European Explorer to land in the “New World.”
  • 1526

    Slavery begins in the English colonies

    The first slaves arrive in the colonies.
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    Sir Walter Raleigh Roanoke Island settled and disappears

    Sir Walter Raleigh established Roanoke Island and then it “disappeared” (everyone was gone).
  • Jamestown established

    Jamestown established
    Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in North America, is established.
  • Plymouth established with Mayflower Compact

    Plymouth established with Mayflower Compact
    Plymouth is establish by pilgrims looking for religious freedom from England.
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    Life of Anthony Johnson in Virginia

    Anthony Johnson was one of the first property-owning slaves in the colonies.
  • Pennsylvania Colony established

    Pennsylvania Colony established
    Pennsylvania colony (a Quaker colony) is established.
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    Salem Witch Trials

    Many people are accused of being witches and are executed (very controversial and infamous).
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    First Great Awakening

    A time of spiritual revival.
  • Albany Plan by Ben Franklin begins to unite American Colonies

    Albany Plan by Ben Franklin begins to unite American Colonies
    The Albany plan got the ball rolling on unifying the colonies to make the US stronger.
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    7 Years War (French-Indian War)

    A War over the colonies against Britain and France.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    The Stamp Act put a tax on stamps in the colonies... this was the first tax imposed by the British on the colonies.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    Armed confrontation between British soldier and colonists that was the “tip-off” of the Revolutionary War.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Protest against the British tea tax; patriots dressed up as Native Americans and threw British tea into the harbor.
  • First Continental Congress does NOT seek independence

    The Continental Congress served as the government of the 13 American Colonies. Acts are passed by Congress. No taxation without representation.
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord
    These were the first battles in the Revolutionary War.
  • Second Continental Congress DOES seek independence

    Second Continental Congress DOES seek independence
    America declared its independence in 1776, the Declaration of Independence was passed and signed.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    This was the first “constitution” of the United States of America.
  • Britain surrenders Revolutionary War

    Britain surrenders Revolutionary War
    The British surrender to the patriots at the battle of Yorktown.
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    Shays’ Rebellion

    American citizens (mainly farmers) revolt; they were given little compensation for fighting in the war and therefore could not make payments, so the government was taking away a lot of their property.
  • Constitutional Convention

    Constitutional Convention
    The constitution is written.
  • Constitution Ratified

    Constitution Ratified
    New Jersey becomes the 9th state to ratify the constitution, ratifying it for the whole nation.
  • George Washington becomes first president

    George Washington becomes first president
    Commander of the continental army, George Washington, is elected the first president of the United States of America.
  • Washington’s Farewell Address

    Washington’s Farewell Address
    Washington writes to his fellow countrymen before he retires from serving the nation.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    The Alien and Sedition Acts were a set of laws passed that limited immigration and led to the deportation of many people.
  • Thomas Jefferson elected president

    Thomas Jefferson elected president
    Thomas Jefferson was the third president and he was the first peaceful transfer from one party to another.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    President Thomas Jefferson buys the Louisiana Territory from the French, doubling the size of the US.
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition

    Lewis and Clark Expedition
    Lewis and Clark set off to explore the newly acquired Louisiana Territory.
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    War of 1812

    The US engages in a war against Britain over trade restrictions.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    Compromise between the northern and southern states that declared Missouri a slave state and Maine a free state.
  • Monroe Doctrine

    The Monroe doctrine is established, stating that any attempt to colonize in North America would be seen as a threat.
  • Andrew Jackson as president.

    Andrew Jackson as president.
    Andrew Jackson is elected the seventh president of the United States
  • Frederick Douglass joins the Abolitionist Movement

    Frederick Douglass joins the Abolitionist Movement
    Frederick Douglass, a huge leader in the abolitionist movement and an escaped slave, joins the abolitionist movement.
  • Fugitive Slave Act passed

    Part of the Compromise of 1850 that stated that fugitive slaves must be returned to their masters (even in a free state).
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    Compromise of 1850

    A set of five bills that attempted to settle the dispute of slavery in the new territories.
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin published

    Uncle Tom’s Cabin published
    This book was an extremely popular book anti-slavery that kind of started the Civil War.
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    Bleeding Kansas

    Set of conflicts in Kansas over whether it would be a free state or a slave state.
  • Dred Scott Decision

    Controversial court case of two slaves suing their masters. The suing was unsuccessful (even though the law should have been on their side) and it infuriated abolitionists.
  • Abraham Lincoln Elected President

    Abraham Lincoln Elected President
    Abraham Lincoln, the man who would lead the fight against slavery in the Civil War, is elected president of the United States
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    Civil War

    The US engages in a civil war over slavery... this becomes the bloodiest and ugliest war in America’s history.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation
    Proclamation by president Lincoln that declared all slaves in the confederacy free.
  • Lincoln Assassinated

    Lincoln Assassinated
    President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated by John Wilkes Booth while in a theater.
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    13th-15th Amendments pass, become law

    These amendments are the first to be passed in 60 years and they abolished slavery, gave citizenship to blacks, and prohibited states from discriminating based on color or race.