• sir francis bacon

    Sir Francis Bacon publishes The Proficience and Advancement of Learning, which contains a description of what would later be known as the scientific method.
  • Antoine Lavoisier

    Antoine Lavoisier publishes Méthode de nomenclature chimique, the first modern system of chemical nomenclature
  • William Prout

    William Prout classifies biomolecules into their modern groupings: carbohydrates, proteins and lipids
  • Svante Arrhenius

    Svante Arrhenius develops ion theory to explain conductivity in electrolytes
  • Ernest Rutherford

    Ernest Rutherford discovers the source of radioactivity as decaying atoms; coins terms for various types of radiation
  • Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet

    Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet invents chromatography, an important analytic technique.[
  • Frederick Soddy

    Frederick Soddy proposes the concept of isotopes, that elements with the same chemical properties may have differing atomic weights
  • Gilbert N. Lewis

    Gilbert N. Lewis and Merle Randall publish Thermodynamics and the Free Energy of Chemical Substances, first modern treatise on chemical thermodynamics
  • Linus Pauling

    Linus Pauling publishes Pauling's rules, which are key principles for the use of X-ray crystallography to deduce molecular structure
  • Edwin McMillan

    Edwin McMillan and Philip H. Abelson identify neptunium, the lightest and first synthesized transuranium element, found in the products of uranium fission. McMillan would found a lab at Berkeley that would be involved in the discovery of many new elements and isotopes
  • Eric Cornell

    Eric Cornell and Carl Wieman produce the first Bose–Einstein condensate, a substance that displays quantum mechanical properties on the macroscopic scale.[