Before 500 AD. First established "grouping" of Germanic peoples. Tribes such as Goths, Ostro-Goths, Vandals, Franks, Lombards, Saxons, and Marcomanni would provide the basis for a German state in Europe.
Nov 2, 1096
Started the crusades. Started religious basis for warfare in Europe.
Nov 2, 1494
Beginning of Italian Wars
Started 60 year war between italy, france, spain and HRE. Set out the political boundaries for countries as we know them today.
Nov 2, 1517
Martin Luther initiates the Reformation.
Foundation of two separate religions in Germany. Catholics/Protestants.
Nov 2, 1525
Beginning of Prussia.
First time a German state split from the HRE. Lead to Germany becoming an independent state.
Protestant union of German Princes
To defend rights, lands and persons. Together they could hold against the might of HRE. Showed that the HRE could be held at bay.
30 Years War
Failure of Hapsburg Rulers to restore Catholic dominence to Germany. Splintered into many religious groups.
30 Years War
Sack of Magdeburg
Their defeat led many Protestant leaders to take a stand against the HRE.
Napoleon imposes French Rule over Germany.
Led to Germany wanting to end Napoleon's reign. First time Germany was truly occupied by a foreign power.
2nd Reich merges all German States except Austria.
Germany becomes a united country and a great power. Otto First.
First Mark introduced. (gold mark)
Germany has it's own currency and is not dependent on other countries' currencies.
Women in Germany have the right to vote.
Start of Women's Rights movement in Germany.
Started by assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. End of German Empire.
Worldwide Great Depression
Created an opening for Hitler's rise to power. Germany very vulnerable, looking for a leader. Hitler was charismatic speaker.
Hitler becomes Führer.
This is when we find out about his more "extremist" ideas.
Invasion of Poland
After the invasion of Poland, the Allies decide to join the war against Germany. Official start of WWII.
Hitler's Blitzkrieg swept nearly all of Western Europe.
Really fast, hard hitting tactics. Used to get Germany out of debt.
Hitler allegedly committed suicide
Led to the fall of the Third Reich. Killed himself because he was about to be captured.
Germany is divided during the cold war.
West Germany obtains their independence.
US, Britain and France had been overseeing the rebuilding of Western Germany.
Berlin Wall was constructed.
Separated east and west Berlin, used to stop the influx of refugees from east to west Berlin.