Deutsche Geschichte

By Schiavo
  • Period: 100 to

    Deutsche Geschichte

  • 500

    Germanic Tribes

    Before 500 AD. First established "grouping" of Germanic peoples. Tribes such as Goths, Ostro-Goths, Vandals, Franks, Lombards, Saxons, and Marcomanni would provide the basis for a German state in Europe.
  • Nov 2, 1096

    German Crusade

    Started the crusades. Started religious basis for warfare in Europe.
  • Nov 2, 1494

    Beginning of Italian Wars

    Started 60 year war between italy, france, spain and HRE. Set out the political boundaries for countries as we know them today.
  • Nov 2, 1517

    Martin Luther initiates the Reformation.

    Foundation of two separate religions in Germany. Catholics/Protestants.
  • Nov 2, 1525

    Beginning of Prussia.

    First time a German state split from the HRE. Lead to Germany becoming an independent state.
  • Protestant union of German Princes

    To defend rights, lands and persons. Together they could hold against the might of HRE. Showed that the HRE could be held at bay.
  • 30 Years War

    Failure of Hapsburg Rulers to restore Catholic dominence to Germany. Splintered into many religious groups.
  • Period: to

    30 Years War

  • Sack of Magdeburg

    Their defeat led many Protestant leaders to take a stand against the HRE.
  • Napoleon imposes French Rule over Germany.

    Led to Germany wanting to end Napoleon's reign. First time Germany was truly occupied by a foreign power.
  • 2nd Reich merges all German States except Austria.

    Germany becomes a united country and a great power. Otto First.
  • First Mark introduced. (gold mark)

    Germany has it's own currency and is not dependent on other countries' currencies.
  • Women in Germany have the right to vote.

    Start of Women's Rights movement in Germany.
  • WWI begins

    Started by assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife. End of German Empire.
  • Worldwide Great Depression

    Created an opening for Hitler's rise to power. Germany very vulnerable, looking for a leader. Hitler was charismatic speaker.
  • Hitler becomes Führer.

    This is when we find out about his more "extremist" ideas.
  • Invasion of Poland

    After the invasion of Poland, the Allies decide to join the war against Germany. Official start of WWII.
  • Hitler's Blitzkrieg swept nearly all of Western Europe.

    Really fast, hard hitting tactics. Used to get Germany out of debt.
  • Hitler allegedly committed suicide

    Led to the fall of the Third Reich. Killed himself because he was about to be captured.
  • Period: to

    Germany is divided during the cold war.

  • West Germany obtains their independence.

    US, Britain and France had been overseeing the rebuilding of Western Germany.
  • Berlin Wall was constructed.

    Separated east and west Berlin, used to stop the influx of refugees from east to west Berlin.
  • Construction of Berlin Wall

  • Basic treaty between east and west Germany.

  • Fall of Berlin Wall

  • Reunification

  • Germany one of founding countries of EU.

  • Germany switches to Euro.

  • Germany hosts FIFA World Cup

  • Euro financial crisis.