Cultural developments, colonial period-1820

  • Newspapers

    The first permanent colonial newspaper was started in 1704 and was called the Boston News-Letter. Weekly newspaper began to publish weekly in almost every colony by the middle of the century. The publications helped shape public opinion by discussing political questions. The publication of newspapers paved the way for the revolt against England.
  • Libraries

    Since books imported from abroad were very expensive, the only books that the common people had were the Bible and the almanac. Public libraries began to appear. In 1731 the first circulating library was in Philadelphia through the efforts of Benjamin Franklin. The library was called the subscription library and only members can borrow books. By the time of the Revolution, every large town had a subscription library.
  • Poor Richard’s Almanac

    Benjamin Franklin used the pen name Richard Saunders when he annually published his Poor Richard’s Almanac between 1732 and 1757. It presented useful information, proverbs, and rules of conduct in a witty and interesting manner. It was widely read throughout the colonial America.
  • Freedom of the Press

    John Peter Zenger began publishing a newspaper in New York to voice opposition to the policies of governor William Cosby. Cosby issued a proclamation to prevent newspapers from publishing false reflections. Zenger went to trial and was not guilty of seditious libel. Freedom of Press stated that it is not libelous if it can be proved.
  • "Yankee Doodle

    The well-known Anglo-American song, which originates back to the dates of the Seven Years’ War, is published in the form of a Nursery Rhyme.
  • Federal Architecture

    In the 1780s, Federal style began to diverge from Georgian style and became a uniquely American genre. Houses stretched out along a strictly rectangular plan, adopting curved lines and favoring the decorative details such as garlands and urns. The Federal style was popular between 1780 and 1830.
  • African-American Artist

    Scipio Moorehead was the first professionally trained African-American. An art teacher named Sarah Moorhead in Massachusetts taught her.
  • American Academy of Fine Arts

    The American Academy of Fine Arts was founded in 1802 in New York City. The academy encouraged art appreciation and taught young men about fine arts. Students are instructed to copy master works in a classical approach to art education.
  • Blackboard are Created

    The first blackboard was used in a school in Philadelphia. The invention of chalkboards helped for learning.
  • Boston English High School

    Boston English High School, opened in Boston, Massachusetts, was one of the first free public schools in the United States. Free schooling began as an idea in the early 1700’s and was mainly for poor children whose parents could not afford to pay for them to attend private school.