Costa Rica was first established as a Spanish colony in 1522 but because of its inability to trade with Panamá, lack of indigenous people with which to create encomiendas and lack of natural resources such as gold and silver earned it the reputation as "the poorest and most miserable Spanish colony in all America."
Joins with Central America
Costa Rica joins the United Provinces of Central America, which also includes El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua.
Costa Rica declares itself as an independent nation.
Banana plantations are established
In 1948 Cosat Rica had a civil war, went through reforms and then abolished the army. Abolished the Army!
In the 1990's the Costa Rican government made an economic transition from heavy dependence on agriculture to tourism, capitalizing on the beautiful ecosystems of the country.
First woman president
Laura Chinchilla is elected as the first woman president in 2010.