College History I

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Columbus lands in the Bahamas

    Columbus lands in the Bahamas
    Columbus lands with the Nina, Pinta, and the Santa Maria.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    Dividing land of the New World between Spain and Portugal
  • May 20, 1498

    Da Gama to India

    Da Gama to India
    Vasco da Gama becomes the first man to sail to India from Europe
  • Sep 1, 1513

    Balboa crosses Panama Canal

    Balboa crosses Panama Canal
    Vasco Nunez de Balboa crosses the Ithmus of Panama and "discovers" the Pacific Ocean. He claims all land touching this ocean for Spain
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Cortes conquers Aztecs

    Cortes conquers Aztecs
    Hernan Cortes claimed Tenochtitlan for Spain and renamed it Mexico City
  • Jan 1, 1532

    Pizarro defeats the Inca

    Pizarro defeats the Inca
    Francisco Pizarro invades the Incas of Peru and defeats them.
  • Nov 17, 1558

    Elizabeth I takes the crown

    Elizabeth I takes the crown
    Elizabeth I takes the crown of England and Ireland until her death in 1603
  • Nov 15, 1577

    Drake circumnavigates the globe

    Drake circumnavigates the globe
    Sir Francis Drake completes the second circumnavigation of the globe
  • England defeats the Spanish Armada

    England defeats the Spanish Armada
    Queen Elizabeth watches over the final battle of the Spanish Armada in 1588 after a long battle
  • England crush Ireland

    England crush Ireland
    The Irish try to rebel until the English eventually put them down in 1590
  • Spain and England sign a peace treaty

    Spain and England sign a peace treaty
    The end of the Anglo Saxon war is made official by the Treaty of London
  • Jamestown

    Captain Wingfield chose Jamestown, along the James River as the first settlement of the colonists from his ship
  • John Rolfe perfects tobacco crop

    John Rolfe perfects tobacco crop
    Rolfe cultivates tobacco commercially for the first time in America
  • First African Americans come to America

    First African Americans come to America
    The first African American "slaves" were brought to English America. They were first treated as indentured servants
  • The Carolinas

    The Carolinas
    North America officially seperates from South Carolina
  • Maryland founded

    Maryland founded
    Maryland was discovered, which would eventually be used as an escape for Catholics who were not welcome in England.
  • Maryland Toleration Act

    Maryland Toleration Act
    This Act insisted the tolerance of all Christians but also granted the death penalty to those who denied Jesus
  • Carolina colony established

    Carolina colony established
    The first permanent settlement at Charles Town was established by the English in 1670
  • Yamasee War

    Yamasee War
    The colonists of South Carolina and many Native Americans fight for about two years
  • Georgia Colony established

    Georgia Colony established
    The last colony of the 13 colonies, Georgia, is established.
  • Beginning of the Great Awakening

    Great Awakening movement begins in Massachusetts. The movement will last ten years and spread to all of the American colonies.
  • First Colonial Coins

    First Colonial Coins
    The first colonial copper coins are made in Connecticut.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    Slave rebellion in South Carolina. It was the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution
  • War of Jenkins's Ear

    War of Jenkins's Ear
    War between Great Britain and Spain, led to King George's war in America
  • Iron Act

    Iron Act
    Iron Act instated, limiting the manufacturing of the British colonies
  • American Philosophical Society

    American Philosophical Society
    The American Philosophical Society is found in Philadelphia by Ben Franklin
  • Céloron's expedition

    Céloron's expedition
    French used impressive military power to reclaim their originally owned land in the Ohio Valley
  • Currency Act of 1751

    Currency Act of 1751
    Restricted the use of paper money by the colonies of New England
  • The first general hospital is founded

    The first general hospital is founded
    The first general hospital is founded in Philadelphia. This provided medicine and treatment for the ill but did not help those with diseases
  • Treaty of Logstown

    Treaty of Logstown
    Treaty to negotiate with the local Indians in present day Pittsburgh
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The war between Great Britain and France in North America from 1754 to 1763
  • The Battle of Ticonderoga

    The Battle of Ticonderoga
    Part of the French and Indian War, the French drove back the British/American attack, inflicting heavy losses.
  • Anglo-Cherokee War

    Anglo-Cherokee War
    War ensued between the sountern colonists and the Cherokee Indians
  • French Fort Niagara is captured by the English

    French Fort Niagara is captured by the English
    Fort Niagra being captured by the English ruined some of the French's communication with the West
  • Quebec surrenders

    Quebec surrenders
    Quebec surrendered to the English
  • George III becomes new English king

    George  III becomes new English king
    George III now had control of the colonies
  • England declares war on Spain

    England declares war on Spain
    England declares war on Spain who had been planning to ally itself with France and Austria
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Ended the French and Indian War
  • Proclamation Line of 1763

    Proclamation Line of 1763
    organized Great Britain's new North American empire and
    improved relations with Native North Americans
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    A tax on sugar imported into the colonies.
  • March of the Paxton Boys

    March of the Paxton Boys
    led by the Scots Irish in Philadelphia
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    All colonists were required to house and feed soldiers when necessary.
  • Sons of Liberty

    Sons of Liberty
    Sons of Liberty first formed in Boston to protest taxation without representation
  • Stamp Act Congress

    Stamp Act Congress
    Met in New York City, with representatives from all colonies, to discuss the hopeful repeal of the Stamp Act
  • Stamp Act Repealed

    Stamp Act Repealed
    Parliament decided to repeal the Stamp Act since it seemed to be too late to please the colonists by only lessening its tax.
  • Townshend Acts

    Townshend Acts
    Series of acts proposed by Charles Townshend that taxed goods and restricted trades
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British redcoats killed five members of a Boston mob.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Colonists threw barrels of tea into the Boston Harbor when trade officials refused to return the tea to Britain
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    Met in Philadelphia in Carpenter's Hall to discuss the Intolerable Acts
  • Kentucky first explored

    Kentucky first explored
    Daniel Boone opens Wilderness Road into Kentucky for the first time
  • Battles of Lexington and Concord

    Battles of Lexington and Concord
    The first military engagements of the American Revolutionary War in two Massachusetts colonies.
  • Second Continental Congress

    Second Continental Congress
    Met in Philadelphia to discuss the warfare of the Revolution and appoint George Washington as commanding general of the continental army.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Battle in Massachusetts in which Britain lost about 300 soldiers and suffered over 900 injuries.
  • "Common Sense"

    "Common Sense"
    A pamphlet written by Thomas Paine about the Revolution in a language that common people to understand.
  • Declaration of Independence

    Declaration of Independence
    Declaration of Independence signed to report that the colonies now viewed themselves as independent states and did not follow under British rule any longer.
  • Battle of Saratoga

    Battle of Saratoga
    The Americans under General Gates defeats British General Burgoyne.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    First constitution. An agreement among the 13 founding states that legally established the United States of America
  • Battle of Yorktown

     Battle of Yorktown
    Combined forces of America and France defeat Britain in one of the last major battles of the Revolutionary War
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    Britain recognizes American independence
  • Land Ordinance of 1785

    Land Ordinance of 1785
    Sold the new land to pay off national debt
  • Shays Rebellion

    Shays Rebellion
    Armed uprising of farmers in Massachusetts against the government.
  • Washington leaves office

    Washington leaves office
    Urges the United States to stay neutral and keep its permanent alliances.
  • Great Compromise signed

    Great Compromise signed
    This defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution
  • Three Fifths Compromise

    Three Fifths Compromise
    Decided slaves should be counted as three fifths a person to the population count
  • George Washington elected President

    George Washington elected President
    Unanimously elected by the Electoral College
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    James Madison drafted the Bill of Rights and got them passed into the constitution
  • French Revolution began

    French Revolution began
    Uprising in France eventually led to a war with Britain that the US had to decide to get involved in or not
  • George Washington took his oath of office

    George Washington took his oath of office
    He then established his cabinet
  • Alien and Sedition Act

    Alien and Sedition Act
    Acts directly aimed to decrease the number of voters for Democratic Republicans. The Alien Act dealt with citizenship and voting rights, and the Sedition Act clearly went against Freedom of Speech
  • Judiciary Act of 1789

    Judiciary Act of 1789
    Vested the judiciary issues of the government in one supreme court
  • First Bank of the United States created

    First Bank of the United States created
    Created by Hamilton, its charter lasted for 20 years and was located in Philadelphia
  • Neutrality Proclamation

     Neutrality Proclamation
    Washington clearly states the nations neutral stance on the war between France and Britain
  • Jays Treaty

    Jays Treaty
    John Jay was send to London to negogiate a peace treaty to avoid war
  • Whiskey Rebellion

    Whiskey Rebellion
    Pennsylvanian whiskey distillers in 1794 strongly opposed the 1791 excise tax on whiskey
  • Pinckney's Treaty of 1795

    Pinckney's Treaty of 1795
    Spain granted the Americans free navigation of the Mississippi River and the large territory north of Florida.
  • Election of 1800

    Election of 1800
    Jefferson defeats Adams as president. A flaw in the constitution actually left Jefferson to have to defeat Aaron Burr also.
  • Judiciary Act of 1801

    Judiciary Act of 1801
    Created 16 new federal judge positions and other judicial offices.
  • Naturalization Law of 1802

    Naturalization Law of 1802
    Jefferson passed this to change the laws set by the Alien Act, reduced the previously required 14 years residence to 5 years
  • Embargo Act of 1807

    Embargo Act of 1807
    Jefferson closed all trade to British ports
  • Treaty of 1818

    Treaty of 1818
    United States peacefully divided the Oregon territory with Britain
  • Florida Treaty of 1819

    Florida Treaty of 1819
    Spain gave away its rights of Florida to the United States
  • Liberia establised

    Liberia establised
    The American Colonization Society formed the village of Liberia in Africa to send freed slaves to.
  • Denmary Vesey led a slave uprising in South Carolina

    Denmary Vesey led a slave uprising in South Carolina
    Vesey abd about 30 other men were hung for their attempted uprising
  • Treaty of 1824

    Treaty of 1824
    Russia gave the United States it's rights to the Oregon Territory
  • Temperance Society

    Temperance Society
    The American Temperance society was formed in Boston to support a cut in alcohol consumption.
  • Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

    Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World
    David Walker's novel that predicted a bloody end to the slavery dispute
  • The Liberator

    The Liberator
    William Lloyd Garrison created his abolitionist newspaper in Boston "The Liberator"
  • Nat Turner's rebellion

    Nat Turner's rebellion
    In 1831 Nat Turner led a rebellion that killed 60 Virginians who were mostly women and children
  • Nullification Crisis of 1832

    Nullification Crisis of 1832
    Fear of slave uprisings. Beatings and lynching were becoming frequent to prevent this
  • Emancipation in West Indies

    Emancipation in West Indies
    Britain emancipated all of the slaves they had in the West Indies, leading to emancipation in America
  • Historical records

    Historical records
    George Bancroft began recording historical books of America's past
  • Antislavery gospel

    Antislavery gospel
    Theodore Welds led a group of antislavery preachers on an 18 day debate. "Land Rebels"
  • Postmaters limited

    Postmaters limited
    The government ordered all postmasters to destroy any abolitionist material that went through their mail
  • Gag Resolution

    Gag Resolution
    Required any anti-slavery appeals to be tabled without debate
  • Reverand Elijah Lovejoy

    Reverand Elijah Lovejoy
    Reverand Elijah Lovejoy's printing press was destroyed four times and he was eventually killed because of his antislavery ideas
  • Canadian Rebellion

    Canadian Rebellion
    A small number of Canadians started a rebellion, joined by some Americans.
  • Oberlin College

    Oberlin College
    The first university opened up for women in Ohio
  • John Tyler

    John Tyler
    John Tyler became president after William Henry Harrison's sudden death
  • Tariff of 1842

    Tariff of 1842
    Under the Tyler adminstration, called for more federal revenue
  • Union Blockade

    Union Blockade
    The Union's plan to cut off the south from importing or exporting
  • First Battle of Bull Run

    First Battle of Bull Run
    Lincoln's unready troops went against the Confederates in Manassas.
  • Peninsula Campaign

    Peninsula Campaign
    McClellan's plot to attack Lee at Richmond.
  • Second Battle of Bull Run

    Second Battle of Bull Run
    Lee destroyed the Union army led by General John Pope at Antietam
  • EMancipation Proclamation

    EMancipation Proclamation
    Declared free the salves in those Confederate States still in rebellion. The border States weren’t affected.
  • Battle at Fredericksburg, VA

    Battle at Fredericksburg, VA
    Lee attacked Ambrose Burnside's unprepared troops. The Union army lost nearly 10,000 people
  • Chancellorsville, VA

    Chancellorsville, VA
    Lee's right hand man, Stonewall Jackson, is accidentally killed by a Confederate solider after catching the Union in a crossfire.
  • Gettysburg Address

    Gettysburg Address
    Lincoln went to Gettysburg to dedicate the cemetery of those who had fallen. There were 51,000 casualties
  • Vicksburg and Port Hudson

    Vicksburg and Port Hudson
    Grant defeats the Confederates' last spots along the Mississippi River
  • Gettysburg

    This batle lasted for three days until George Pickett’s charge broke the back of the Confederate attack
  • Merrimack vs Monitor

    Merrimack vs Monitor
    Steel plated ships that ended the use of wooden ships in warfare.
  • Blacks began enlisting into the Union Army

    Blacks began enlisting into the Union Army
    They generally were used as cooks or firemen
  • Wade Davis Bill

    Wade Davis Bill
    Required that 50% of a State’s voters take the oath of allegiance
  • Election of 1864

    Lincoln was renominated with no opposition
  • Scorched Earth Policy

    Scorched Earth Policy
    Sherman's troops marched all the way to Georgia destroying all Confederate property in their path.
  • Lincoln's Asassination

    Lincoln's Asassination
    Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth in Ford Theatre
  • 13th Amendment

    13th Amendment
    Officially freed all slaves
  • Ex parte Milligan

    Ex parte Milligan
    The Supreme Court case that ruled that military tribunals could not try civilians in areas where the civil courts were open
  • Reconstruction Act of 1867

    Reconstruction Act of 1867
    Divided the South into 5 military districts
  • 14th Amendment

    14th Amendment
    Gave slaves civil rights
  • 15th Amendment

    15th Amendment
    Gave slaves the right to vote