College History I

  • Oct 12, 1492

    Christopher Columbus Discovers America

    Christopher Columbus Discovers America
    Christopher Columbus landed in the Bahamas with his three ships the Nina, Pinta, and Santa Maria. This was the beginning of a new world.
  • Jun 7, 1494

    Treaty of Tordesillas

    Treaty of Tordesillas
    The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed. This was an agreement between Spain and Portugal that divided the land of the new-world between the two of them.
  • Aug 13, 1521

    Hernan Cortes Cunquers Aztecs

    Hernan Cortes Cunquers Aztecs
    Hernan Cortes conquers the mighty Aztec Empire. They did this by laying seige to the empire and were helped by epidemics among the Native Americans.
  • May 8, 1541

    Mississippi River

    Mississippi River
    Hernando de Soto discovered the Mississippi River while exploring the southeast. De Soto was the first European to ever document seeing the river.
  • Sep 26, 1580

    Francis Drake

    Francis Drake
    Francis Drake completed his circumnavigation of the world on this day. He returned to England with many riches of gold, silver, pearls, and precious stones.
  • Jamestown Settlement Is Established

    Jamestown Settlement Is Established
    The English settlement known as Jamestown was founded. They suffered much hardships and were unable to successfully form a permanent comunity.
  • John Rolfe

    John Rolfe
    John Rolfe perfected the tobacco plant for his colony. This was a major break through for Virginia, as it gave the colonists a way to make money. Tobacco was very popular in England, and it soon became the staple crop of Virginia.
  • John Rolfe and Pocahontas

    John Rolfe and Pocahontas
    John Rolfe married Pocahontas and ended the First Anglo-Powhatan War. This gives a few short years of peace, followed by the Second Anglo-Powhatan War, in which Rolfe is killed.
  • House of Burgesses

    House of Burgesses
    The House of Burgesses has its first meeting. The Virginia Company created this to try and attract more settlers to make the journey to the Americas.
  • Pilgrims Sight Land

    Pilgrims Sight Land
    The Pilgrims, who set sail for the new world, sighted land. They came for religious freedom, and settled in the domain of the Virginia Company without legal permission.
  • Charles I

    Charles I
    Charles I becomes the king of England. He prosecuted Puritan. He also dismissed Parliament for a number of years. He was eventually executed.
  • Pequot War

    Pequot War
    The Pequot War began, and lasted for 4 years. It resulted in hundreds of Pequot Indians being killed, and even more sold into slavery.
  • Bacon Burns Jamestown

    Bacon Burns Jamestown
    Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising known as Bacon's Rebellion. On this date, they chased Virginia's governor William Berkeley out of Jamestown and burned the city.
  • Leisler's Rebellion

    Leisler's Rebellion
    A mob formed in Boston, Massachusetts and arrested the governor along with other dominion officials. This raised prospects in New York, and led to a cascade of events that shook the state. The uprise in New York became known as Leisler's Rebellion.
  • Act of Toleration

    Act of Toleration
    The Act of Toleration was signed. This gave tolerance to people of the Protestant religion. However, it did not grant Catholics this same tolerance.
  • Lynchings in Massachusetts

    Lynchings in Massachusetts
    The lynchings began in Salem, Massachusetts on this date. They were all charged with witchcraft.
  • Tuscarora War

    Tuscarora War
    The Tuscarora War begins between the British, Dutch, and German settlers and the Tuscarora Native Americans. It lasted for four years, until a treaty was signed in 1715.
  • North Carolina

    North Carolina
    North Carolina formally separated from South Carolina. North Carolina became known for being irreligious and hospitable to pirates.
  • Yamasee War

    Yamasee War
    The Yamasee War broke out between South Carolina and many different Indian tribes inhabiting the area. The war took a big toll of South Carolina, and its future was in question. However, tides turned and the war ended in 1715 as the Native Americans withdrew.
  • Georgia

    The colony of Georgia was founded. This was intended only to buffer the valuable Carolinas from attacks by the French and Spanish.
  • Zenger Free Press Trial

    Zenger Free Press Trial
    John Peter Zenger was the owner of a newspaper who assailed their corrupt local governor. This caused much controversy, and when Zenger won it was a banner achievement for freedom of te press and democracy.
  • End of Conojocular War

    End of Conojocular War
    A war between Pennsylvania and Maryland was ended over boundary disputes.
  • Lake Michigan

    Lake Michigan
    French explorer Piere Gaultier de Varennes et de la Verendrye reaches the western shore of Lake Michigan.
  • George Whitefield

    George Whitefield
    In 1738 George Whitefield traveled around the colonies delivering his new, passionate type of preachings. He was a leader of the Great Awakening.
  • Stono Rebellion

    Stono Rebellion
    The Stono Rebellion was the largest slave rebellion prior to the American Revolution. It was in South Carolina.
  • War of Jenkin's Ear

    War of Jenkin's Ear
    The War of Jenkin's Ear begins between Great Britain and Spain. It was mainly confined to the Caribbean Sea.
  • Slaves Hung

    Slaves Hung
    50 slaves were hung in South Carolina after the discovery of their plans for another revolt.
  • Alaska Discovered

    Alaska Discovered
    Alaska was discorvered by a Danish man, Vitus Bering.
  • Franklin Invents Stove

    Franklin Invents Stove
    Benjamin Franklin invents the "Franklin Stove."
  • Princeton

    Princeton College is founded.
  • First Lutheran Church

    First Lutheran Church
    The first Lutheran Church, The Pennsylvania Ministerium, is established in Philadelphia, PA.
  • Iron Act

    Iron Act
    The Iron Act was put into effect by Parliament, which limited the growth of the Iron Industry in the American colonies.
  • Currency Act

    Currency Act
    The Currency Act was passed, banning the issueing of paper money in New England.
  • First Hospital

    First Hospital
    The first hospital was founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • Liberty Bell

    Liberty Bell
    The Liberty Bell was ordered to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Pennsylvania.
  • French and Indian War

    French and Indian War
    The French and Indian War started in New England. It was between Great Britain and France, and it lasted until 1763.
  • William Pitt

    William Pitt
    William Pitt becomes secretary of state. He places a policy of unlimited warfare in affect, and this intensifies the French and Indian War.
  • Fort Niagra

    Fort Niagra
    French Fort Niagra was taken by the English.
  • South Carolina Anti-Slavery

    South Carolina Anti-Slavery
    South Carolina's anti-trade proposal for slaves is vetoed by Britain.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    France signed the Treaty of Paris, ending the Seven Years War. In doing this, France signed off all their land in America east of the Mississippi River to England except for New Orleans.
  • March of the Paxton Boys

    March of the Paxton Boys
    Uprising in Philadelphia.
  • Sugar Act

    Sugar Act
    This raised taxes on sugar from the west indies.
  • Stamp Act

    Stamp Act
    Parliament passed the Stamp Act which imposed taxes on the colonists. This angered the colonists who protested heavily.
  • Quartering Act

    Quartering Act
    Parliament passed the Quartering Act. This stated that colonists must house, feed, and tend to British soldiers. This enraged the colonists.
  • Stamp Act Repealed

    Stamp Act Repealed
    After much protest in America, Parliament was forced to repeal the Stamp Act.
  • Townshend Act

    Townshend Act
    Acts made by Charles Townshend to tax the colonists.
  • Boston Massacre

    Boston Massacre
    British soldiers shot and killed protesters in Boston.
  • Boston Tea Party

    Boston Tea Party
    Boston rebels marched right past guards in the Boston Harbor and onto ships. The rebels threw hundreds of crates of tea into the harbor.
  • Briish East India Company

    Briish East India Company
    Granted a monopoly on tea in America. Actually lowered the price, even with the taxes.
  • First Continental Congress

    First Continental Congress
    This congress was brought together in America to discuss what should be done about the situation with Britain.
  • Quebec Act

    Quebec Act
    Britain passed the Quebec Act. This extended the boundaries of Quebec all the way down to the Ohio Valley. This was another act that angered the colonists.
  • Battle of Lexington and Concord

    Battle of Lexington and Concord
    British troops marched on and attacked Lexington, and pursued colonists to Concord. They were forced to retreat at Concord. This began the Revolutionary War.
  • Antislavery Society

    Antislavery Society
    The first completely antislavery society was founded in Philadelphia.
  • Declaration of Independance

    Declaration of Independance
    The Declaration of Independance was signed. This stated that the Americans were now their own nation and were free from England.
  • Battle of Bunker Hill

    Battle of Bunker Hill
    Battle during the Revolutionary War in Massachusetts. The colonists suffered over 300 deaths.
  • Articles of Confederation

    Articles of Confederation
    This was the first constitution that joined the 13 colonies as the United States of America.
  • Puruvian Indians

    Puruvian Indians
    The Puruvian Indians revolted against Spain.
  • Battle of Yorktown

    Battle of Yorktown
    America and France defeated Britain in this battle. This was one of the last major battles of the Revolutionary War.
  • Uranus

    Uranus was discovered by William Harschel.
  • Treaty of Paris

    Treaty of Paris
    This was the end of the Revolutionary War. It gave the Americans independance from Britain.
  • George Washington President

    George Washington President
    George Washington was unanimously elected as the 1st President of the United States.
  • Bill of Rights

    Bill of Rights
    The Bill of Rights was passed, which included the first 10 amendments to the Constitution. These amendments guaranteed American citizen liberties and rights.
  • Capital is Moved

    Capital is Moved
    George Washington decided to move the capital to the District of Columbia, or Washington DC. He also chose a location to erect a building in which every President of the United States would live.
  • Battle of Fallen Timbers

    Battle of Fallen Timbers
    The US army, led by General "Mad" Anthony Wayne, defeated the Miami Confederacy. It was a major defeat to the Native Americans.
  • Pickney's Treaty

    Pickney's Treaty
    Spain and the U.S. signed this treaty establishing the southern border of the U.S. and giving Americans rights to send goods down the Mississippi.
  • John Adams Elected

    John Adams Elected
    John Adams was elected as second President of the United States.
  • Alien and Sedition Acts

    Alien and Sedition Acts
    President Adams issued the Alien and Sedition Acts. This raised the naturalization process from 5 years to 14 years and made it illegal to critisize the government.
  • Tripolian War

    Tripolian War
    President Jefferson sends the marines to Tripoli after they're ruler cut down the American flag at the consolate building, challenging the U.S. because we would no longer pay bribes for protection from their pirates.
  • Midnight Judges

    Midnight Judges
    President John Adams nominated 16 members of his own Federalist party new lifelong District judge positions He did this right before he left office to ensure that Federalists would stay in office.
  • Thomas Jefferson Elected

    Thomas Jefferson Elected
    Thomas Jefferson is elected third President of the United States.
  • Madison vs. Marbury

    Madison vs. Marbury
    Marbury sued James Madison because he did not recieve his commission as one of the midnight judges from President Jefferson.
  • Louisiana Purchase

    Louisiana Purchase
    Napolean Bonaparte sold the entire Louisiana Territory for only $15 million. This was because he feared losing this territory after devoting an extraordinary amount of his troops and money to put down a rebellion in South America
  • Louis and Clark

    Louis and Clark
    President Jefferson chose Louis and Clark to begin an expedition to explore the land east of the Mississippi River in the Louisiana Purchase. This expedition resulted in much valuable information needed to begin settling in the west.
  • Burr is Tried for Treason

    Burr is Tried for Treason
    Aaron Burr is tried for treason against the U.S. However, he is acquitted because he never actually did a treasonous action. Following this, Burr flees to France.
  • Embargo Act

    Embargo Act
    President Washington issued the Embargo Act which stopped all foreign trade.
  • Non Intercourse Act

    Non Intercourse Act
    The Non Intercourse Act replaced the Embargo Act. This new act stated that the U.S. would resume trade with foreign nations, but would not trade with Britain or France until they lifted their laws that all trade must first go through them.
  • Fletcher vs. Peck

    Fletcher vs. Peck
    Monumental court case tat resulted in the Sumpreme Court recvieving power to invalidate state laws that are deemed as unconstitutional.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    The United States declared War on Britain.
  • War of 1812

    War of 1812
    The War of 1812 began which pitted the U.S. against Britain for a second fight for independance. The war would end by the Treaty of Ghent in Belgium, with neither side gaining or losing anything.
  • Hartford Convention

    Hartford Convention
    26 delegates from Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Vermont discussed their greivances and seeked redress for their wrongs.
  • American Colonization Society

    American Colonization Society
    American Colonization Society is formed. They focused on importing freed blacks back to Africa.
  • Treaty of 1818

    Treaty of 1818
    The US peacefully divided the lands of the Oregon territory between themselves and Britain.
  • Treaty of 1819

    Treaty of 1819
    Spain gave Florida to the US.
  • Missouri Compromise

    Missouri Compromise
    This made Missoui a slave state and added Maine to the Union as a free state. This equaled out the slave state and free state representatives in the House of Representatives.
  • Denmark Vesey

    Denmark Vesey
    Led a slave rebellion in Charleston, SC.
  • Liberia

    The American government established a territory in Africa called Liberia. This is where the American Colonization Society would take the free blacks. Its capitol was Monrovia.
  • Temperance Society

    Temperance Society
    The American Temperance Society was formed to try to get people to redeuce their use of alcohol.
  • David Walker

    David Walker
    Publishes Appeal to Colored Citizens of the World, which called for freedom and proposed military action to achieve it.
  • Indian Removal Act

    Indian Removal Act
    Andrew Jackson issued the Indian Removal Act. This forced indians to abandon their native lands and walk thousands of miles to reservations through the Trail of Tears.
  • William Garrison

    William Garrison
    Garrison begins publishing The Liberator. This was a radical, abolition book, Garrison called for the North to secede.
  • Nat Turner

    Nat Turner
    Leads a slave rebellion in Virginia.
  • West Indies

    West Indies
    British abolished slavery in the West-Indies. This made the North push even harder for abolition in the South.
  • American Anti-Slavery Society

    American Anti-Slavery Society
    The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded. They pushed for abolition of slavery in the South.
  • No More Abolitionist Mail

    No More Abolitionist Mail
    The US government forced post offices to destroy all abolitionist material that came into their office.
  • Gag Resolution

    Gag Resolution
    The Gag Resolution was passed by the House of Representatives. This tabled all petitions for the abolition of slavery without them even being discussed.
  • Elijah Lovejoy

    Elijah Lovejoy
    Aboloitionist paper owner Elijah Lovejoy's house is broken into and he is killed (Alton, Illinois)
  • The Alamo

    The Alamo
    The battle of the Alamo occured. It was a battle between Mexico and Texas rebels for independance.
  • Daguerreotype

    The first form of photography is invented, called the daguerreotyple.
  • Liberty Party

     Liberty Party
    The Liberty Party is organized. This party wanted the abolition of slavery and was supported by great abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass.
  • John Tyler

    John Tyler
    John Tyler assumes the role as President of the United States after Harrison dies.
  • James Buchanan

    James Buchanan became President of the United States.
  • Dred Scott Case

    Monumental Supreme Court decision that ruled that a slave did not have the right to sue for his freedom and that Congress did not have the power to outlaw slavery.
  • John Brown

    John Brown captures Harper's Ferry armory. This was a failed slave rebellion. John Brown was executed for this.
  • Lincoln

    Lincoln is elected President. The South was furious and seceded because of this.
  • South Secedes

    The South secedes from the Union and creates their own separate government, known as the Confederate States of Amercia.
  • 1st Battle of Bull Run

    This was the first major battle of the Civil War. The South won and became overconfident.
  • Fort Sumter

    The first shots of the Civil War were fired. This began the Civil War.
  • Battle of Fredricksburg

    Ambrose Burnside replaced George McClellan as Union general. Burnside went to battle completely unprepared and the Union lost.
  • Emancipation Proclamation

    Lincoln issued this to free all slaves in the Confederacy This did not free the slaves in the border states. This was not passed by Congress and could not be enforced.
  • Antietam

    Robert E. Lee attacked Maryland. The Union found his battle plans but could not win. The battle was a draw, but the Union made it sound like they won. This stopped Britain and France from wanting to help the south.
  • Moniter vs. Merrimack

    This battle between two ships plated with steel made wooden ships obselete. The battle was a draw.
  • New Orleans

    David Farragut, a naval commander, led the Union in this battle. The Union won, and gained control of the Mississippi River.
  • Peninsula Campaign

    Union General George McClellan made an attempt to capture the South's capitol of Richmond, but he took too long to prepare and the South was able to defend themselves.
  • Antietam

    Robert E. Lee attacked Maryland. The Union found his battle plans but could not win. The battle was a draw, but the Union made it sound like they won. This stopped Britain and France from wanting to help the south.
  • Gettysburg

    Battle in Pennsylvania where the Union successfully defended against the Confederacy. This was a monumental victory for the Union.
  • The Man Without a Country

    Novel published about a man who was found guilty of his participation in the Aaron Burr conspiracy.
  • Election of 1864

    Lincoln wins presidency over McClellan.
  • Wade-Davis Bill

    Plan that would recquire 50% of southern voters to pledge allegiance to the US before southern states would be admitted back into the Union. Lincoln pocket vetoed this.
  • Union Wins

    Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendurs at Appotomax Courthouse
  • Lincoln's Assassination

    John Wilkes Boothe assassinates Lincoln shortly after the end of the Civil War.