Cold War Timeline by: Robnisha Murray

  • Armistice Signed Ending Korean War

    Armistice Signed Ending Korean War
    An armistice is a situation in a war where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. The most notable armistice was on November 11, 1918, and the one which is still meant when people in Europe say simply "The Armistice", is the armistice at the end of World War I, on 11 November 1918, signed near Compiègne, France, and effective at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month."
  • HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee formed)

    HUAC (House Un-American Activities Committee formed)
    The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC or HCUA,[1] 1938–1975) was an investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives. In 1969, the House changed the committee's name to "House Committee on Internal Security". When the House abolished the committee in 1975,[2] its functions were transferred to the House Judiciary Committee.
  • United Nations Formation

    United Nations Formation
    On January 1, 1942, representatives of 26 nations at war with the Axis powers met in Washington to sign the Declaration of the United Nations endorsing the Atlantic Charter, pledging to use their full resources against the Axis and agreeing not to make a separate peace. At the Quebec Conference in August 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden agreed to draft a declaration that included a call for "a general international organization, based on the princi
  • Yalta Conference

    Yalta Conference
    The Yalta Conference took place in a Russian resort town in the Crimea from February 4?11, 1945, during World War Two. At Yalta, U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the war and the postwar world.
  • Potsdam Conference

    Potsdam Conference
    On 16 July 1945, the "Big Three" leaders met at Potsdam, Germany, near Berlin. In this, the last of the World War II heads of state conferences, President Truman, Soviet Premier Stalin and British Prime Ministers Churchill and Atlee discussed post-war arrangements in Europe, frequently without agreement.
  • Truman Doctrine

    Truman Doctrine
    On 12th March, 1947, Harry S. Truman, announced details to Congress of what eventually became known as the Truman Doctrine. In his speech he pledged American support for "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures". This speech also included a request that Congress agree to give military and economic aid to Greece in its fight against communism.
  • Marshall Plan

    Marshall Plan
    Marshall Plan or European Recovery Program,project instituted at the Paris Economic Conference (July, 1947) to foster economic recovery in certain European countries after World War II.
  • Berlin Airlift

    Berlin Airlift
    The Western Allies organized the Berlin Airlift to carry supplies to the people in West Berlin. The over 4,000 tons per day required by Berlin during the airlift totaled, for example, over ten times the volume that the encircled German 6th Army required six years earlier at the Battle of Stalingrad
  • NATO Formation

    NATO Formation
    North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was founded by a collection of Western nations some years after World War II. Indeed, at this very moment an amalgamation of nations under the aegis of NATO is busily bombing Belgrade back into the Stone Age. With the recent addition of Poland and The Czech Republic, NATO is beginning to make Russia more nervous than usual.
  • Era of McCarthyism begins

    Era of McCarthyism begins
    McCarthyism, named after Joseph McCarthy, was a period of intense anticommunism, also (popularly) known as the (second) Red Scare, which occurred in the United States from 1948 to about 1956 (or later), when the government of the United States was actively engaged in suppression of the Communist Party USA, its leadership, and others suspected of being communists....
  • North Korean invasion of South Korea

    North Korean invasion of South Korea
    The North Korean Inasion of South Korea caught the United States and South Korea themselves wholly by surprise but tey pulled through and succeeded.
  • Rosenbuerg Execution

    Rosenbuerg Execution
    Found guilty of relaying U.S. military secrets to the Soviets, the Rosenbergs were the first U.S. civilians to be sentenced to death for espionage. The Rosenbergs were accused of persuading Ethel's brother, David Greenglass, to provide them with confidential U.S. military information gained from his involvement in the development of nuclear weapons. It was believed that Julius, who was an active member of the Communist party, then funneled the top-secret information on to Soviet intelligence.
  • Warsaw Pact Formation

    Warsaw Pact Formation
    In 14 May 1955, all nations under the control of the Soviet Union signed the Warsaw Pact agreement. The agreement unified the military forces of the Eastern Bloc under the control of a supreme commander from the Soviet Union. The only time the Warsaw Pact utilized its military forces was to invade one of its members.
  • Sputnik 1

    Sputnik 1
    Sputnik 1 was launched into an elliptical low earth orbit by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957, and was the first in a series of satellites collectively known as the Sputnik program. The unanticipated announcement of Sputnik 1's success precipitated the Sputnik crisis in the United States and ignited the Space Race within the Cold War.
  • First Man in Space

    First Man in Space
    Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin. Hero of the Soviet Union, was a Soviet cosmonaut. On 12 April 1961, he became the first human in outer space and the first to orbit the Earth. He received medals from around the world for his pioneering tour in space. Yuri Gagarin was born in the village of Klushino near Gzhatsk (now in Smolensk Oblast, Russia), on 9 March 1934
  • First American in Space

    First American in Space
    Alan Bartlett Shepard, Jr. (November 18, 1923 – July 21, 1998) (Rear Admiral, United States Navy, Ret.) was the second person and the first American in space. He later commanded the Apollo 14 mission, and was the fifth person to walk on the moon
  • Creation of the Berlin Wall

    Creation of the Berlin Wall
    The Berlin Wall was a concrete barrier built by the German Democratic Republic that completely enclosed the city of West Berlin, separating it from East Germany, including East Berlin. The Wall included guard towers placed along large concrete walls, which circumscribed a wide area that contained anti-vehicle trenches, "fakir beds" and other defenses.
  • First Man on the Moon

    First Man on  the Moon
    Neil Alden Armstrong (born August 5, 1930) is an American aviator and a former astronaut, test pilot, aerospace engineer, university professor, and United States Naval Aviator. He was the first person to set foot on the Moon. His first spaceflight was aboard Gemini 8 in 1966, for which he was the command pilot, becoming the first U.S. civilian to fly in space. On this mission, he performed the first manned docking of two spacecraft together with pilot David Scott.